imap4 man page

imap4 — imap client-side tcl implementation of imap protocol

Synopsis

package require Tcl 8.5

package require imap4 ?0.5.2?

::imap4::open hostname ?port?

::imap4::login chan user pass

::imap4::folders chan ?-inline? ?mboxref? ?mboxname?

::imap4::select chan ?mailbox?

::imap4::examine chan ?mailbox?

::imap4::fetch chan range ?-inline? ?attr ...?

::imap4::noop chan

::imap4::check chan

::imap4::folderinfo chan ?info?

::imap4::msginfo chan msgid ?info? ?defval?

::imap4::mboxinfo chan ?info?

::imap4::isableto chan ?capability?

::imap4::create chan mailbox

::imap4::delete chan mailbox

::imap4::rename chan oldname newname

::imap4::subscribe chan mailbox

::imap4::unsubscribe chan mailbox

::imap4::search chan expr ?...?

::imap4::close chan

::imap4::cleanup chan

::imap4::debugmode chan ?errormsg?

::imap4::store chan range data flaglist

::imap4::expunge chan

::imap4::copy chan msgid mailbox

::imap4::logout chan

Description

The imap4 library package provides the client side of the Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) using standard sockets or secure connection via TLS/SSL. The package is fully implemented in Tcl.

This document describes the procedures and explains their usage.

Procedures

This package defines the following public procedures:

::imap4::open hostname ?port?

Open a new IMAP connection and initalize the handler, the imap communication channel (handler) is returned.

hostname - mail server

port - connection port, defaults to 143

The namespace variable ::imap4::use_ssl can be used to establish to a secure connection via TSL/SSL if set to true. In this case default connection port defaults to 993.

Note: For connecting via SSL the Tcl module tls must be already loaded otherwise an error is raised.

package require tls              ; # must be loaded for TLS/SSL
set ::imap4::use_ssl 1           ; # request a secure connection
set chan [::imap4::open $server] ; # default port is now 993
::imap4::login chan user pass
Login using the IMAP LOGIN command, 0 is returned on successful login.

chan - imap channel

user - username

pass - password
::imap4::folders chan ?-inline? ?mboxref? ?mboxname?

Get list of matching folders, 0 is returned on success.

Wildcards '*' as '%' are allowed for mboxref and mboxname, command ::imap4::folderinfo can be used to retrieve folder information.

chan - imap channel

mboxref - mailbox reference, defaults to ""

mboxname - mailbox name, defaults to "*"

If -inline is specified a compact folderlist is returned instead of the result code. All flags are converted to lowercase and leading special characters are removed.

{{Arc08 noselect} {Arc08/Private {noinferiors unmarked}} {INBOX noinferiors}}
::imap4::select chan ?mailbox?
Select a mailbox, 0 is returned on success.

chan - imap channel

mailbox - Path of the mailbox, defaults to INBOX

Prior to examine/select an open mailbox must be closed - see: ::imap4::close.
::imap4::examine chan ?mailbox?
"Examines" a mailbox, read-only equivalent of ::imap4::select.

chan - imap channel

mailbox - mailbox name or path to mailbox, defaults to INBOX

Prior to examine/select an open mailbox must be closed - see: ::imap4::close.
::imap4::fetch chan range ?-inline? ?attr ...?
Fetch attributes from messages.

The attributes are fetched and stored in the internal state which can be retrieved with command ::imap4::msginfo, 0 is returned on success. If -inline is specified, alle records are returned as list in order as defined in the attr argument.

chan - imap channel

range - message index in format FROM:TO

attr - imap attributes to fetch

Note: If FROM is omitted, the 1st message is assumed, if TO is ommitted the last message is assumed. All message index ranges are 1-based.
::imap4::noop chan
Send NOOP command to server. May get information as untagged data.

chan - imap channel
::imap4::check chan
Send CHECK command to server. Flush to disk.

chan - imap channel
::imap4::folderinfo chan ?info?

Get information on the recently selected folderlist. If the info argument is omitted or a null string, the full list of information available for the mailbox is returned.

If the required information name is suffixed with a ? character, the command returns true if the information is available, or false if it is not.

chan - imap channel

info - folderlist options to retrieve

Currently supported options: delim - hierarchy delimiter only, match - ref and mbox search patterns (see ::imap4::folders), names - list of folder names only, flags - list of folder names with flags in format { {name {flags}} ... } (see also compact format in function ::imap4::folders).

{{Arc08 {{\NoSelect}}} {Arc08/Private {{\NoInferiors} {\UnMarked}}} {INBOX {\NoInferiors}}}
::imap4::msginfo chan msgid ?info? ?defval?
Get information (from previously collected using fetch) from a given msgid. If the 'info' argument is omitted or a null string, the list of available information options for the given message is returned.

If the required information name is suffixed with a ? character, the command returns true if the information is available, or false if it is not.

chan - imap channel

msgid - message number

info - imap keyword to retrieve

defval - default value, returned if info is empty

Note: All message index ranges are 1-based.
::imap4::mboxinfo chan ?info?

Get information on the currently selected mailbox. If the info argument is omitted or a null string, the list of available information options for the mailbox is returned.

If the required information name is suffixed with a ? character, the command returns true if the information is available, or false if it is not.

chan - imap channel

opt - mailbox option to retrieve

Currently supported options: EXISTS (noof msgs), RECENT (noof 'recent' flagged msgs), FLAGS

In conjunction with OK: PERMFLAGS, UIDNEXT, UIDVAL, UNSEEN

Div. states: CURRENT, FOUND, PERM.

::imap4::select $chan INBOX
puts "[::imap4::mboxinfo $chan exists] mails in INBOX"
::imap4::isableto chan ?capability?
Test for capability. It returns 1 if requested capability is supported, 0 otherwise. If capability is omitted all capability imap codes are retured as list.

chan - imap channel

info - imap keyword to retrieve

Note: Use the capability command to ask the server if not already done by the user.
::imap4::create chan mailbox
Create a new mailbox.

chan - imap channel

mailbox - mailbox name
::imap4::delete chan mailbox
Delete a new mailbox.

chan - imap channel

mailbox - mailbox name
::imap4::rename chan oldname newname
Rename a new mailbox.

chan - imap channel

mailbox - old mailbox name

mailbox - new mailbox name
::imap4::subscribe chan mailbox
Subscribe a new mailbox.

chan - imap channel

mailbox - mailbox name
::imap4::unsubscribe chan mailbox
Unsubscribe a new mailbox.

chan - imap channel

mailbox - mailbox name
::imap4::search chan expr ?...?

Search for mails matching search criterions, 0 is returned on success.

chan - imap channel

expr - imap search expression

Notes: Currently the following search expressions are handled:

Mail header flags: all mail header entries (ending with a colon ":"), like "From:", "Bcc:", ...

Imap message search flags: ANSWERED, DELETED, DRAFT, FLAGGED, RECENT, SEEN, NEW, OLD, UNANSWERED, UNDELETED, UNDRAFT, UNFLAGGED, UNSEEN, ALL

Imap header search flags: BODY, CC, FROM, SUBJECT, TEXT, KEYWORD, BCC

Imap conditional search flags: SMALLER, LARGER, ON, SENTBEFORE, SENTON, SENTSINCE, SINCE, BEFORE (not implemented), UID (not implemented)

Logical search conditions: OR, NOT

::imap4::search $chan larger 4000 seen
puts "Found messages: [::imap4::mboxinfo $chan found]"
Found messages: 1 3 6 7 8 9 13 14 15 19 20
::imap4::close chan
Close the mailbox. Permanently removes \Deleted messages and return to the AUTH state.

chan - imap channel
::imap4::cleanup chan
Destroy an IMAP connection and free the used space. Close the mailbox. Permanently removes \Deleted messages and return to the AUTH state.

chan - imap channel
::imap4::debugmode chan ?errormsg?
Switch client into command line debug mode.

This is a developers mode only that pass the control to the programmer. Every line entered is sent verbatim to the server (after the addition of the request identifier). The ::imap4::debug variable is automatically set to '1' on enter.

It's possible to execute Tcl commands starting the line with a slash.

chan - imap channel

errormsg - optional error message to display
::imap4::store chan range data flaglist

Alters data associated with a message in the selected mailbox.

chan - imap channel

range - message index in format FROM:TO

flaglist - Flags the data operates on.

data - The currently defined data items that can be stored are shown below. Note that all of these data types may also be suffixed with ".SILENT" to suppress the untagged FETCH response.

FLAGS
Replace the flags for the message (other than \Recent) with the flaglist.
+FLAGS
Add the flags in flaglist to the existing flags for the message.
-FLAGS
Remove the flags in flaglist to the existing flags for the message.

For example:

::imap4::store $chan $start_msgid:$end_msgid +FLAGS "Deleted"
::imap4::expunge chan
Permanently removes all messages that have the \Deleted flag set from the currently selected mailbox, without the need to close the connection.

chan - imap channel
::imap4::copy chan msgid mailbox
Copies the specified message (identified by its message number) to the named mailbox, i.e. imap folder.

chan - imap channel

msgid - message number

mailbox - mailbox name
::imap4::logout chan
Informs the server that the client is done with the connection and closes the network connection. Permanently removes \Deleted messages.

A new connection will need to be established to login once more.

chan - imap channel

Examples

set user myusername
set pass xtremescrt
set server imap.test.tld
set FOLDER INBOX
# Connect to server
set imap [::imap4::open $server]
::imap4::login $imap $user $pass
::imap4::select $imap $FOLDER
# Output all the information about that mailbox
foreach info [::imap4::mboxinfo $imap] {
    puts "$info -> [::imap4::mboxinfo $imap $info]"
}
# fetch 3 records inline
set fields {from: to: subject: size}
foreach rec [::imap4::fetch $imap :3 -inline {*}$fields] {
    puts -nonewline "#[incr idx])"
    for {set j 0} {$j<[llength $fields]} {incr j} {
        puts "\t[lindex $fields $j] [lindex $rec $j]"
    }
}

# Show all the information available about the message ID 1
puts "Available info about message 1: [::imap4::msginfo $imap 1]"

# Use the capability stuff
puts "Capabilities: [::imap4::isableto $imap]"
puts "Is able to imap4rev1? [::imap4::isableto $imap imap4rev1]"

# Cleanup
::imap4::cleanup $imap

TLS Security Considerations

This package uses the TLS package to handle the security for https urls and other socket connections.

Policy decisions like the set of protocols to support and what ciphers to use are not the responsibility of TLS, nor of this package itself however. Such decisions are the responsibility of whichever application is using the package, and are likely influenced by the set of servers the application will talk to as well.

For example, in light of the recent POODLE attack [http://googleonlinesecurity.blogspot.co…] discovered by Google many servers will disable support for the SSLv3 protocol. To handle this change the applications using TLS must be patched, and not this package, nor TLS itself. Such a patch may be as simple as generally activating tls1 support, as shown in the example below.

package require tls
tls::init -tls1 1 ;# forcibly activate support for the TLS1 protocol

... your own application code ...

References

Mark R. Crispin, "INTERNET MESSAGE ACCESS PROTOCOL - VERSION 4rev1", RFC 3501, March 2003, http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc3501.t…

OpenSSL, http://www.openssl.org/

Bugs, Ideas, Feedback

This document, and the package it describes, will undoubtedly contain bugs and other problems. Please report such in the category imap4 of the Tcllib Trackers [http://core.tcl.tk/tcllib/reportlist]. Please also report any ideas for enhancements you may have for either package and/or documentation. Only a small part of rfc3501 implemented.

See Also

ftp, http, imap, mime, pop3, tls

Keywords

email, imap, internet, mail, net, rfc3501, ssl, tls

Info

0.5.2 tcllib imap client