domDoc man page

domDoc — Manipulates an instance of a DOM document object

Synopsis

domDocObjCmd method ?arg arg ...?

Description

This command manipulates one particular instance of a document object. method indicates a specific method of the document class. These methods should closely conform to the W3C recommendation "Document Object Model (Core) Level 1" (http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-DOM-Level-1/le…). Look at these documents for a deeper understanding of the functionality.

The valid methods are:

documentElement ?objVar?
Returns the top most element in the document (the root element).
getElementsByTagName name
Returns a list of all elements in the document matching (glob style) name.
getElementsByTagNameNS uri localname
Returns a list of all elements in the subtree matching (glob style) localname and having the given namespace uri.
createElement tagName ?objVar?
Creates (allocates) a new element node with node name tagName, append it to the hidden fragment list in the document object and returns the node object. If objVar is given the new node object store in this variable.
createElementNS url tagName ?objVar?
Creates (allocates) a new element node within a namespace having uri as the URI and node name tagName, which could include the namespace prefix, append it to the hidden fragment list in the document object and returns the node object. If objVar is given the new node object store in this variable.
createTextNode text ?objVar?
Creates (allocates) a new text node with node value text, appends it to the hidden fragment list in the document object and returns the node object. If objVar is given, the new node object is stored in this variable.
createComment text ?objVar?
Creates (allocates) a new comment node with value text, appends it to the hidden fragment list in the document object and returns the node object. If objVar is given, the new comment node object is stored in this variable.
createCDATASection data ?objVar?
Creates (allocates) a new CDATA node with node value data, appends it to the hidden fragment list in the document object and returns the node object. If objVar is given, the new node object is stored in this variable.
createProcessingInstruction target data ?objVar?
Creates a process instruction, appends it to the hidden fragment list in the document object and returns the node object. If objVar is given, the new node object is stored in this variable.
delete
Explicitly deletes the document, including the associated Tcl object commands (for nodes, fragment/new nodes, the document object itself) and the underlying DOM tree.
getDefaultOutputMethod
Returns the default output method of the document. This is usually a result of a XSLT transformation.
asXML ?-indent none/1..8? ?-channel channelId? ?-escapeNonASCII? ?-doctypeDeclaration <boolean>? ?-escapeAllQuot?
Returns the DOM tree as an (optional indented) XML string or sends the output directly to the given channelId. If the option -escapeNonASCII is given, every non 7 bit ASCII character in attribute values or element PCDATA content will be escaped as character reference in decimal representation. The flag -doctypeDeclaration determines, whether there will be a DOCTYPE declaration emitted before the first node of the document. The default is, to do not. The DOCTYPE name will always be the element name of the document element. An external entity declaration of the external subset is only emitted, if the document has a system identifier. If the option -escapeAllQuot is given, quotation marks will be escaped with &quot; even in text content of elements.
asHTML ?-channel channelId? ?-escapeNonASCII? ?-htmlEntities? ?-doctypeDeclaration <boolean>?
Returns the DOM tree serialized acording to HTML rules (HTML elements are recognized regardless of case, without end tags for emtpy HTML elements etc.), as string or sends the output directly to the given channelId. If the option -escapeNonASCII is given, every non 7 bit ASCII character in attribute values or element PCDATA content will be escaped as character reference in decimal representation. If the option -htmlEntities is given, a character is outputed using a HTML 4.01 character entity reference, if one is defined for it. The flag -doctypeDeclaration determines, whether there will be a DOCTYPE declaration emitted before the first node of the document. The default is, to do not. The DOCTYPE name will always be the element name of the document element without case normalization. An external entity declaration of the external subset is only emitted, if the document has a system identifier. The doctype declaration will be written from the avaliable informations, without check, if this is a known (w3c) HTML version information or if the document confirms to the given HTML version.
asText
The asText method outputs the result tree by outputting the string-value of every text node in the result tree in document order without any escaping. In effect, this is what the xslt output method "text" (XSLT 1.0 recommendation, section 16.3) does.
publicId ?publicId?
Returns the public identifier of the doctype declaration of the document, if there is one, otherwise the empty string. If there is a value given to the method, the public identifier of the document is set to this value.
systemId ?systemId?
Returns the system identifier of the doctype declaration of the document, if there is one, otherwise the empty string. If there is a value given to the method, the system identifier of the document is set to this value.
internalSubset ?internalSubset?
Returns the internal subset of the doctype declaration of the document, if there is one, otherwise the empty string. If there is a value given to the method, the internal subset of the document is set to this value. Note, that none of the parsing methods preserve the internal subset of a document; a freshly parsed document will always have an empty internal subset. Also note, that the method doesen't do any syntactical check on a given internal subset.
cdataSectionElements (?URI:?localname|*) ?<boolean>?
This method allows to control, for which element nodes the text node childs will be serialized as CDATA sections (this affects only serialization with the asXML method, no text node is altered in any way by this method). IF the method is called with an element name as first argument and a boolean with value true as second argument, every text node child of every element node in the document with the same name as the first argument will be serialized as CDATA section. If the second argument is a boolean with value false, all text nodes of all elements with the same name as the first argument will be serialized as usual. Namespaced element names have to given in the form namespace_URI:localname, not in the otherwise usual prefix:localname form. With two arguments called, the method returns the used boolean value. If the method is called with only an element name, it will return a boolean value, indicating, if the text nodes childs of all elements with that name in the document will be serialized as CDATA section elements (return value 1) or not (return value 0). If the method is called with only one argument and that argument is an asterisk ('*'), then the method returns an unordered list of all element names of the document, for which the text node childs will be serialized as CDATA section nodes.
selectNodesNamespaces ?prefixUriList?
This method allows to control a document global prefix to namespace URI mapping, which will be used for selectNodes method calls (on document as well as on all nodes, which belongs to the document), if it is not overwritten by using the -namespaces option of the selectNodes method. Any namespace prefix within an xpath expression will be first resolved against this list. If the list bind the same prefix to different namespaces, then the first binding will win. If a prefix could not resolved against the document global prefix / namespaces list, then the namespace definitions in scope of the context node will be used to resolve the prefix, as usual. If the optional argument prefixUriList is given, then the global prefix / namespace list is set to this list and returns it. Without the optional argument the method returns the current list. The default is the empty list.
xslt ?-parameters parameterList? ?-ignoreUndeclaredParameters? ?-xsltmessagecmd script? stylesheet ?outputVar?

Applies an XSLT transformation on the whole document of the node object using the XSLT stylesheet (given as domDoc). Returns a document object containing the result document of the transformation and stores that document object in the optional outputVar, if that was given.

The optional -parameters option sets top level <xsl:param> to string values. The parameterList has to be a tcl list consisting of parameter name and value pairs.

If the option -ignoreUndeclaredParameters is given, then parameter names in the parameterList given to the -parameters options that are not declared as top-level parameters in the stylesheet are silently ignored. Without this option, an error is raised, if the user tries to set a top-level parameter, which is not declared in the stylesheet.

The -xsltmessagecmd option sets a callback for xslt:message elements in the stylesheet. The actual command consists of the script, given as argument to the option, appended with the XML Fragment from instantiating the xsl:message element content as string (as if the XPath string() function would have been applied to the XML Fragment) and a flag, which indicates, if the xsl:message has an attribute "terminate" with the value "yes".

toXSLTcmd ?objVar?

If the DOM tree represents a valid XSLT stylesheet, this method transforms the DOM tree into an xslt command, otherwise it returns error. The created xsltCmd is returnd and stored in the objVar, if a var name was given. A successful transformation of the DOM tree to an xsltCmd removes the domDoc cmd and all nodeCmds of the document.

The syntax of the created xsltCmd is:

xsltCmd method ?arg ...?

The valid methods are:

transform ?-parameters parameterList? ?-ignoreUndeclaredParameters? ?-xsltmessagecmd script? domDoc ?outputVar?

Applies XSLT transformation on the document domDoc. Returns a document object containing the result document of that transformation and stores it in the optional outputVar.

The optional -parameters option sets top level <xsl:param> to string values. The parameterList has to be a tcl list consisting of parameter name and value pairs.

If the option -ignoreUndeclaredParameters is given, then parameter names in the parameterList given to the -parameters options that are not declared as top-level parameters in the stylesheet are silently ignored. Without this option, an error is raised, if the user tries to set a top-level parameter, which is not declared in the stylesheet.

The -xsltmessagecmd option sets a callback for xslt:message elements in the stylesheet. The actual command consists of the script, given as argument to the option, appended with the XML Fragment from instantiating the xsl:message element content as string (as if the XPath string() function would have been applied to the XML Fragment) and a flag, which indicates, if the xsl:message has an attribute "terminate" with the value "yes".

delete
Deletes the xsltCmd and cleans up all used recourses

If the first argument to an xsltCmd is a domDoc or starts with a "-", then the command is processed in the same way as <xsltCmd> transform.

normalize ?-forXPath?
Puts all Text nodes in the document into a "normal" form where only structure (e.g., elements, comments, processing instructions and CDATA sections) separates Text nodes, i.e., there are neither adjacent Text nodes nor empty Text nodes. If the option -forXPath is given, all CDATA sections in the nodes are converted to text nodes, as a first step before the normalization.
nodeType
Returns the node type of the document node. This is always DOCUMENT_NODE.
getElementById id
Returns the node having a id attribute with value id or the emtpy string, if no node has an id attribute with that value.
firstChild ?objVar?
Returns the first top level node of the document.
lastChild ?objVar?
Returns the last top level node of the document.
appendChild newChild
Append newChild to the end of the list of top level nodes of the document.
removeChild child
Removes child from the list of top level nodes of the document. child will be part of the document fragment list after this operation. It is not physically deleted.
hasChildNodes
Returns 1 if the document has any nodes in the tree. Otherwise 0 is returned.
childNodes
Returns a list of the top level nodes of the document.
ownerDocument ?domObjVar?
Returns the document itself.
insertBefore newChild refChild
Insert newChild before the refChild into the list of top level nodes of the document. If refChild is the empty string, insert newChild at the end of the top level nodes.
replaceChild newChild oldChild
Replace newChild with oldChild in list of top level nodes of the document. oldChild will be part of the document fragment list after this operation.
appendFromList list
Parses list , creates an according DOM subtree and appends this subtree at the end of the current list of top level nodes of the document.
appendXML XMLstring
Parses XMLstring, creates an according DOM subtree and appends this subtree at the end of the current list of top level nodes of the document.
selectNodes ?-namespaces prefixUriList? ?-cache <boolean>? xpathQuery ?typeVar?

Returns the result of applying the XPath query xpathQuery to the document. The context node of the query is the root node in the sense of the XPath recommendation (not the document element). The result can be a string/value, a list of strings, a list of nodes or a list of attribute name / value pairs. If typeVar is given the result type name is stored into that variable (empty, bool, number, string, nodes, attrnodes or mixed).

The argument xpathQuery has to be a valid XPath expression. However, there is one exception to that rule. Tcl variable names can appear in the XPath statement at any position where it is legal according to the rules of the XPath syntax to put an XPath variable. The value of the variable is substituted for the variable name. Ignoring the syntax rules of XPath the Tcl variable name may be any legal Tcl var name: local variables, global variables, array entries and so on.

The option -namespaces expects a tcl list with prefix / namespace pairs as argument. If this option is not given, then any namespace prefix within the xpath expression will be first resolved against the list of prefix / namespace pairs set with the selectNodesNamespaces method for the document, the node belongs to. If this fails, then the namespace definitions in scope of the context node will be used to resolve the prefix. If this option is given, any namespace prefix within the xpath expression will be first resolved against that given list (and ignoring the document global prefix / namespace list). If the list bind the same prefix to different namespaces, then the first binding will win. If this fails, then the namespace definitions in scope of the context node will be used to resolve the prefix, as usual.

If the -cache option is used with a true value, then the xpathQuery will be looked up in a document specific cache. If the query is found, then the stored pre-compiled query will be used. If the query isn't found, it will be pre-compiled and stored in the cache, for use in further calls. Please notice, that the xpathQuery as given as string is used as key for the cache. This means, that equal XPath expressions, which differ only in white space are treated as different cache entries. Special care is needed, if the XPath expression includes namespace prefixes. During pre-compilation, the prefixes will be resolved first to the prefix / namespace pairs of the -namespaces option, if given, and to the namespaces in scope of the context node at pre-compilation time. If the XPath is found in the cache, neither the -namespaces option nor the namespaces in scope of the context node will be taken in account but the already resolved (stored) namespaces will be used for the query.

Examples:

set paragraphNodes [$node selectNodes {chapter[3]//para[@type='warning' or @type='error'} ]
foreach paragraph $paragraphNodes {
    lappend  values [$paragraph selectNodes attribute::type]
}

set doc [dom parse {<doc xmlns="http://www.defaultnamespace.org"><child/></doc>}]
set root [$doc documentElement]
set childNodes [$root selectNodes -namespaces {default http://www.defaultnamespace.org} default:child]
baseURI ?URI?
Returns the present baseURI of the document. If the optional argument URI is given, sets the base URI of the document to the given URI.
appendFromScript tclScript
Appends the nodes created by the tclScript by Tcl functions, which have been built using dom createNodeCmd, at the end of the current list of top level nodes of the document.
insertBeforeFromScript tclScript refChild
Inserts the nodes created in the tclScript by Tcl functions, which have been built using dom createNodeCmd, before the refChild into to the list of top level nodes of the document. If refChild is the empty string, the new nodes will be appended.
deleteXPathCache ?xpathQuery?
If called without the optional argument, all cached XPath expressions of the document are freed. If called with the optional argument xpathQuery, this single XPath query will be removed from the cache, if it is there. The method always returns an empty string.

Otherwise, if an unknown method name is given, the command with the same name as the given metho within the namespace ::dom::domDoc is tried to be executed. This allows quick method additions on Tcl level.

Newly created nodes are appended to a hidden fragment list. If they are not moved into the tree they are automaticaly deleted, when the whole document gets deleted.

See Also

dom, domNode

Keywords

DOM node creation, document element

Info

Tcl