This tool summarizes time (latency) spent in common XFS file operations: reads, writes, opens, and syncs, and presents it as a power-of-2 histogram. It uses an in-kernel eBPF map to store the histogram for efficiency.
Since this works by tracing the xfs_file_operations interface functions, it will need updating to match any changes to these functions.
Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.
CONFIG_BPF and bpftrace.
- Trace XFS operation time, and print a summary on Ctrl-C:
The operation name (shown in "@[...]") is printed before each I/O histogram.
- 1st, 2nd
This is a range of latency, in microseconds (shown in "[...)" set notation).
A column showing the count of operations in this range.
This is an ASCII histogram representing the count column.
This adds low-overhead instrumentation to these XFS operations, including reads and writes from the file system cache. Such reads and writes can be very frequent (depending on the workload; eg, 1M/sec), at which point the overhead of this tool may become noticeable. Measure and quantify before use.
This is from bpftrace.
Also look in the bpftrace distribution for a companion _examples.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.
This is a bpftrace version of the bcc tool of the same name. The bcc tool may provide more options and customizations.
Unstable - in development.