virtxend - Man Page

libvirt Xen management daemon


virtxend [OPTION]...


The virtxend program is a server side daemon component of the libvirt virtualization management system.

It is one of a collection of modular daemons that replace functionality previously provided by the monolithic libvirtd daemon.

This daemon runs on virtualization hosts to provide management for Xen virtual machines.

The virtxend daemon only listens for requests on a local Unix domain socket. Remote access via TLS/TCP and backwards compatibility with legacy clients expecting libvirtd is provided by the virtproxyd daemon.

Restarting virtxend does not interrupt running guests. Guests continue to operate and changes in their state will generally be picked up automatically during startup. None the less it is recommended to avoid restarting with running guests whenever practical.

Daemon Startup Modes

The virtxend daemon is capable of starting in two modes.

Socket activation mode

On hosts with systemd it is started in socket activation mode and it will rely on systemd to create and listen on the UNIX sockets and pass them as pre-opened file descriptors. In this mode most of the socket related config options in /etc/libvirt/virtxend.conf will no longer have any effect.

Traditional service mode

On hosts without systemd, it will create and listen on UNIX sockets itself.


-h,  --help
Display command line help usage then exit.
-d,  --daemon
Run as a daemon & write PID file.
-f, --config *FILE*
Use this configuration file, overriding the default value.
-p, --pid-file *FILE*
Use this name for the PID file, overriding the default value.
-t, --timeout *SECONDS*
Exit after timeout period (in seconds), provided there are neither any client connections nor any running domains.
-v,  --verbose
Enable output of verbose messages.
Display version information then exit.


On receipt of SIGHUP virtxend will reload its configuration.


The virtxend program must be ran as root. Trying to start the program under a different user results in error.

The default configuration file used by virtxend, unless overridden on the command line using the -f | --config option.

In addition to the default configuration file, virtxend reads configuration for the libxl driver from:

This file contains various knobs and default values for virtual machines created within libxl driver, and offers a way to override the built in defaults, Location of this file can't be overridden by any command line switch.

The sockets virtxend will use.

The TLS Server private key virtxend will use.

The PID file to use, unless overridden by the -p | --pid-file option.


To retrieve the version of virtxend:

# virtxend --version
virtxend (libvirt) 9.7.0

To start virtxend, instructing it to daemonize and create a PID file:

# virtxend -d
# ls -la /run/
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 6 Jul  9 02:40 /run/


Please report all bugs you discover.  This should be done via either:

  1. the mailing list

  2. the bug tracker

Alternatively, you may report bugs to your software distributor / vendor.


Please refer to the AUTHORS file distributed with libvirt.


virtxend is distributed under the terms of the GNU LGPL v2.1+. This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE

See Also

virsh(1), libvirtd(8),,


Virtualization Support