vipw man page

vipw, vigr — edit the password, group, shadow-password or shadow-group file

Synopsis

vipw [options]

vigr [options]

Description

The vipw and vigr commands edits the files /etc/passwd and /etc/group, respectively. With the -s flag, they will edit the shadow versions of those files, /etc/shadow and /etc/gshadow, respectively. The programs will set the appropriate locks to prevent file corruption. When looking for an editor, the programs will first try the environment variable $VISUAL, then the environment variable $EDITOR, and finally the default editor, vi(1).

Options

The options which apply to the vipw and vigr commands are:

-g, --group

Edit group database.

-h, --help

Display help message and exit.

-p, --passwd

Edit passwd database.

-q, --quiet

Quiet mode.

-R, --root CHROOT_DIR

Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory.

-s, --shadow

Edit shadow or gshadow database.

Environment

VISUAL

Editor to be used.

EDITOR

Editor to be used if VISUAL is not set.

Files

/etc/group

Group account information.

/etc/gshadow

Secure group account information.

/etc/passwd

User account information.

/etc/shadow

Secure user account information.

See Also

vi(1), group(5), gshadow(5) , passwd(5), , shadow(5).

Referenced By

visudo(8).

vigr(8) is an alias of vipw(8).

02/12/2017 shadow-utils 4.3.1 System Management Commands