vfs_fileid man page

vfs_fileid ā€” Generates file_id structs with unique device id values for cluster setups

Synopsis

vfs objects = fileid

Description

This VFS module is part of the samba(7) suite.

Samba uses file_id structs to uniquely identify files for locking purpose. By default the file_id contains the device and inode number returned by the stat() system call. As the file_id is a unique identifier of a file, it must be the same on all nodes in a cluster setup. This module overloads the SMB_VFS_FILE_ID_CREATE() operation and generates the device number based on the configured algorithm (see the "fileid:algorithm" option).

When using the fsname or fsid algorithm a stat() and statfs() call is required for all mounted file systems to generate the file_id. If e.g. an NFS file system is unresponsive such a call might block and the smbd process will become unresponsive. Use the "fileid:fstype deny", "fileid:fstype allow", "fileid:mntdir deny", or "fileid:mntdir allow" options to ignore potentially unresponsive file systems.

Options

fileid:algorithm = ALGORITHM

Available algorithms are fsname, fsname_nodirs, fsid and hostname. The default value is fsname.

The fsname algorithm generates device id by hashing the kernel device name.

The fsname_nodirs algorithm generates device id by hashing the kernel device name for files and by hashing the hostname for directories. This can be used to deliberately break lock coherency for directories in a cluster.

The fsid algorithm generates the device id from the f_fsid returned from the statfs() syscall.

The hostname algorithm generates device id by hashing the hostname. This can be used to deliberately break lock coherency in a cluster.

The fsname_norootdir algorithm generates device ids by hashing the kernel device name, except for the root directory of shares where it will use the hostname algorithm. This can be used to deliberately break lock coherency in a cluster for the root directory of a share.

fileid:mapping = ALGORITHM

This option is the legacy version of the fileid:algorithm option, which was used in earlier versions of fileid mapping feature in custom Samba 3.0 versions.

fileid:fstype deny = LIST

List of file system types to be ignored for file_id generation.

fileid:fstype allow = LIST

List of file system types to be allowed for file_id generation. If this option is set, file system types not listed here are ignored.

fileid:mntdir deny = LIST

List of file system mount points to be ignored for file_id generation.

fileid:mntdir allow = LIST

List of file system mount points to be allowed for file_id generation. If this option is set, file system mount points not listed here are ignored.

fileid:nolockinode

This option triggers use of the fileid hostname algorithm for the configured inode which can be used to deliberately break lock coherency for the corresponding file or directory in a cluster.

Examples

Usage of the fileid module with the fsid algorithm:

        [global]
	vfs objects = fileid
	fileid:algorithm = fsid

Version

This man page is part of version 4.9.0rc2 of the Samba suite.

Author

The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.

Info

08/01/2018 Samba 4.9.0rc2 System Administration tools