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unexpunge - Man Page


unexpunge — Cyrus IMAP documentation

Recover messages the user has (accidentally) deleted.


unexpunge [ -C config-file ] -l mailbox [ uid... ]
unexpunge [ -C config-file ] -t time-interval [ -d ] [ -v ] [ -f flagname ] mailbox
unexpunge [ -C config-file ] -a [ -d ] [ -v ] [ -f flagname ] mailbox
unexpunge [ -C config-file ] -u [ -d ] [ -v ] [ -f flagname ] mailbox uid...


The unexpunge program is used to list or restore messages which have been deleted from a mailbox, but still reside in the Cyrus IMAP mail spool.

This utility is only useful when the server is configured with expunge_mode set to delayed in its configuration file.

unexpunge reads its configuration options out of the imapd.conf(5) file unless specified otherwise by -C.


-C config-file

Use the specified configuration file config-file rather than the default imapd.conf(5).

-l,  --list

List the expunged messages in the specified mailbox which are available for restoration. Optionally, only list the messages in the mailbox matching the UIDs in the space-separated list at the end of the command invocation.

-t time-interval, --within-time-interval=time-interval

Unexpunge messages which were expunged within the last time-interval seconds. Use one of the trailing modifiers -- m (minutes), h (hours), d (days) or w (weeks) -- to specify a different time unit.

-a,  --all

Restore all of the expunged messages in the specified mailbox.

-u,  --uids

Restore only messages matching the UIDs, in a space-separated list at the end of the command invocation, in the specified mailbox.

-d,  --unset-deleted

Unset the \Deleted flag on any restored messages.

-f flagname, --set-flag=flagname

Set the user flag \flagname on the messages restored, making it easier for the user(s) to find the restored messages and operate on them (in a batch).

-v,  --verbose

Enable verbose output/logging.


unexpunge -l user/john@example.org

List the messages that are expunged and could be restored for mailbox user/john@example.org.

unexpunge -u user/john@example.org 278787 278788

Unexpunge two of these messages.

mbexamine user/john@example.org

Examine the mailbox for the two restored messages.

unexpunge -u -d user.johnsmith 46908

Unexpunge a select message based on its UID, clearing the \Deleted flag.

unexpunge -a user.johnsmit.Trash

Unexpunge all messages in a user's Trash, but leave them flagged \Deleted.

unexpunge -a -f Flagged user.johnsmith.Trash

The same, but setting user flag \Flagged to facilitate later bulk operations.

unexpunge -t 24h -d -f Flagged user.johnsmith

Unexpunge messages matching only a given time period.

unexpunge -t 24h -d -f Flagged user/johnsmith

The same command, supporting the unixhierarchysep: yes option in imapd.conf(5).



See Also



The Cyrus Team, Nic Bernstein (Onlight), Jeroen van Meeuwen (Kolab Systems)


May 06, 2024 3.8.3 Cyrus IMAP