ufiformat man page
ufiformat — Format a USB floppy disk.
ufiformat [ -hiqvV ] [ -f|--format [size]] [ devicepath ]
- -f, --format [size]
- Specify format capacity SIZE in KB. Without -f option, the format of the current media will be used.
- -V, --verify
- Verify the medium after formatting. Only meaningful without -i option.
- -F, --force
- Do not perform any safety checks.
- -i, --inquire
- Show device information, instead of performing format. Without devicepath argument, list all USB floppy disk devices attached to the system.
- -v, --verbose
- Be verbose.
- -q, --quiet
- Suppress minor diagnostics.
- -h, --help
- Show help message.
ufiformat is a raw level formatting disk utility for USB floppy devices.
Raw level format is to write gap,index,sectors to the unformatted disk using special commands specific to the disk controller, to make the plain magneto-sensitive film into sector-addressable medium. Note that raw level format is NOT about creating filesystems (fs(5)) on the disk.
After mid-1990's, floppy disks are sold generally pre-formatted in MS-DOS 2HD format: 80 cylinder, 2 heads, 18 sectors/track, 512 bytes/sector; it is seldom in need for raw formatting. Nevertheless raw formatting could cure some disk and drive mismatchings.
WARNING: You will NOT raw format an LS-120 disks or (removable) hard disks; they are precision formatted in factory and cannot be raw reformatted.
ufiformat supports only the following format capacities:
1440/1232/1200 (for 2HD disk)
720/640 (for 2DD disk)
The device should support the capacities also, otherwise ufiformat shows an error message.
The above format capacities are predefined in the program, but each USB floppy device also has a limited set of formats (defined internally) that it can format media to. The allowed format capacities are obtained by querying (-i) the device, but this only returns the total format capacity and not CHS (cylinder, heads and sectors), hence a mapping is required in the program.
- Inquiry the device for available format:
# modprobe sg # ufiformat -i /dev/sda vendor: Y-E DATA product: USB-FDU write protect: off media type: 2HD status block size kb formatted 2880 512 1440 formattable 2880 512 1440 formattable 1232 1024 1232 formattable 2400 512 1200
- Format the floppy disk in 1.44MB, and create a FAT filesystem:
# ufiformat -f 1440 /dev/sda # mkdosfs -I /dev/sda
ufiformat needs /dev/sg* SCSI pass-thru device to operate. If the device does not exist, add the driver by invoking modprobe sg.
You often need to be root to do anything with /dev/sd*.
fdformat(8), floppy(8), sg(4)
"Universal Serial Bus Mass Storage Class - UFI Command Specification" Revision 1.0 December 14 1998