tcplife - Man Page

Trace TCP session lifespans with connection details. Uses bpftrace/eBPF.

Synopsis

tcplife

Description

This tool shows the lifespan of TCP sessions that open and close while tracing, and shows the duration and throughput statistics. For efficiency, this tool only instruments TCP state changes, rather than all packets.

This tool works by using the sock:inet_sock_set_state tracepoint, which was added in Linux 4.16.

Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.

Requirements

CONFIG_BPF, bpftrace, and the sock:inet_sock_set_state tracepoint (Linux 4.16+).

Examples

Show TCP sessions with details:

# tcplife.bt

Fields

PID

Process ID

COMM

Process name

LADDR

Local IP address.

DADDR

Remote IP address.

LPORT

Local port.

RPORT

Remote port.

TX_KB

Total transmitted Kbytes.

RX_KB

Total received Kbytes.

MS

Lifespan of the session, in milliseconds.

Overhead

This traces the kernel TCP set state function, which should be called much less often than send/receive tracing, and therefore have lower overhead. The overhead of the tool is relative to the rate of new TCP sessions: if this is high, over 10,000 per second, then there may be noticeable overhead just to print out 10k lines of formatted output per second.

You can find out the rate of new TCP sessions using "sar -n TCP 1", and adding the active/s and passive/s columns.

As always, test and understand this tools overhead for your types of workloads before production use.

Source

This tool originated from BCC:

https://github.com/iovisor/bcc

The BCC version has many command line options for customizing the output.

This bpftrace version originated from the book "BPF Performance Tools", published by Addison Wesley (2019):

http://www.brendangregg.com/bpf-performance-tools-book.html

See the book for more documentation on this tool.

This bpftrace version is in the bpftrace repository:

https://github.com/iovisor/bpftrace

Also look in the bpftrace distribution for a companion _examples.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.

OS

Linux

Stability

Unstable - in development.

Author

Brendan Gregg

See Also

tcptop(8)

Referenced By

bcc-tcpdrop(8), bcc-tcpstates(8), bcc-tcptracer(8), tcpdrop(8).

2019-07-03 USER COMMANDS