tcpaccept man page

tcpaccept.bt ā€” Trace TCP passive connections (accept()). Uses bpftrace/eBPF

Synopsis

tcpaccept.bt

Description

This tool traces passive TCP connections (eg, via an accept() syscall; connect() are active connections). This can be useful for general troubleshooting to see what new connections the local server is accepting.

This uses dynamic tracing of the kernel inet_csk_accept() socket function (from tcp_prot.accept), and will need to be modified to match kernel changes.

This tool only traces successful TCP accept()s. Connection attempts to closed ports will not be shown (those can be traced via other functions).

Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.

Requirements

CONFIG_BPF and bpftrace.

Examples

Trace all passive TCP connections (accept()s):

# tcpaccept.bt

Fields

TIME(s)

Time of the call, in HH:MM:SS format.

PID

Process ID

COMM

Process name

RADDR

Remote IP address.

RPORT

Remote port.

LADDR

Local IP address.

LPORT

Local port

BL

Current accept backlog vs maximum backlog

Overhead

This traces the kernel inet_csk_accept function and prints output for each event. The rate of this depends on your server application. If it is a web or proxy server accepting many tens of thousands of connections per second, then the overhead of this tool may be measurable (although, still a lot better than tracing every packet). If it is less than a thousand a second, then the overhead is expected to be negligible. Test and understand this overhead before use.

Source

This is from bpftrace

https://github.com/iovisor/bpftrace

Also look in the bpftrace distribution for a companion _examples.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.

This is a bpftrace version of the bcc tool of the same name. The bcc tool may provide more options and customizations.

https://github.com/iovisor/bcc

OS

Linux

Stability

Unstable - in development.

Author

Brendan Gregg, adapted for bpftrace by Dale Hamel

See Also

tcpconnect(8), funccount(8), tcpdump(8)

Referenced By

bcc-tcpconnect(8), bcc-tcpconnlat(8), bcc-tcpdrop(8), bcc-tcplife(8), bcc-tcpretrans(8), bcc-tcpstates(8), bcc-tcptop(8), bcc-tcptracer(8), tcpconnect(8), tcpdrop(8), tcpretrans(8).

2018-10-24 USER COMMANDS