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tc-tunnel_key - Man Page

Tunnel metadata manipulation


tc ... action tunnel_key { unset | SET }

SET := set src_ip ADDRESS dst_ip ADDRESS id KEY_ID dst_port UDP_PORT tos TOS ttl TTL [ csum | nocsum ]


The tunnel_key action combined with a shared IP tunnel device, allows one to perform IP tunnel en- or decapsulation on a packet, reflected by the operation modes UNSET and SET. The UNSET mode is optional - even without using it, the metadata information will be released automatically when packet processing will be finished. UNSET function could be used in cases when traffic is forwarded between two tunnels, where the metadata from the first tunnel will be used for encapsulation done by the second tunnel. SET mode requires the source and destination ip ADDRESS and the tunnel key id KEY_ID which will be used by the ip tunnel shared device to create the tunnel header. The tunnel_key action is useful only in combination with a mirred redirect action to a shared IP tunnel device which will use the metadata (for SET ) and unset the metadata created by it (for UNSET ).



Unset the tunnel metadata created by the IP tunnel device.  This function is not mandatory and might be used only in some specific use cases (as explained above).


Set tunnel metadata to be used by the IP tunnel device. Requires src_ip and dst_ip options. id , dst_port , geneve_opts , vxlan_opts and erspan_opts are optional.


Tunnel ID (for example VNI in VXLAN tunnel)


Outer header source IP address (IPv4 or IPv6)


Outer header destination IP address (IPv4 or IPv6)


Outer header destination UDP port


Geneve variable length options. geneve_opts is specified in the form CLASS:TYPE:DATA, where CLASS is represented as a 16bit hexadecimal value, TYPE as an 8bit hexadecimal value and DATA as a variable length hexadecimal value. Additionally multiple options may be listed using a comma delimiter.


Vxlan metadata options. vxlan_opts is specified in the form GBP, as a 32bit number. Multiple options is not supported.


Erspan metadata options. erspan_opts is specified in the form VERSION:INDEX:DIR:HWID, where VERSION is represented as a 8bit number, INDEX as an 32bit number, DIR and HWID as a 8bit number. Multiple options is not supported. Note INDEX is used when VERSION is 1, and DIR and HWID are used when VERSION is 2.


Outer header TOS


Outer header TTL


Controls outer UDP checksum. When set to csum (which is default), the outer UDP checksum is calculated and included in the packets. When set to nocsum, outer UDP checksum is zero. Note that when using zero UDP checksums with IPv6, the other tunnel endpoint must be configured to accept such packets. In Linux, this would be the udp6zerocsumrx option for the VXLAN tunnel interface.

If using nocsum with IPv6, be sure you know what you are doing. Zero UDP checksums provide weaker protection against corrupted packets. See RFC6935 for details.


disallow IP fragmentation.


The following example encapsulates incoming ICMP packets on eth0 into a vxlan tunnel, by setting metadata to VNI 11, source IP and destination IP, and by redirecting the packet with the metadata to device vxlan0, which will do the actual encapsulation using the metadata:

#tc qdisc add dev eth0 handle ffff: ingress
#tc filter add dev eth0 protocol ip parent ffff: \
  flower \
    ip_proto icmp \
  action tunnel_key set \
    src_ip \
    dst_ip \
    id 11 \
  action mirred egress redirect dev vxlan0

Here is an example of the unset function: Incoming VXLAN traffic with outer IP's and VNI 11 is decapsulated by vxlan0 and metadata is unset before redirecting to tunl1 device:

#tc qdisc add dev eth0 handle ffff: ingress
#tc filter add dev vxlan0 protocol ip parent ffff:   flower \
	  enc_src_ip enc_dst_ip enc_key_id 11 	action tunnel_key unset 	action mirred egress redirect dev tunl1

See Also


Referenced By


10 Nov 2016 iproute2 Linux