tc-simple man page

simple — basic example action

Synopsis

tc ... action simple STRING

Description

This is a pedagogical example rather than an actually useful action. Upon every access, it prints the given STRING which may be of arbitrary length.

Options

STRING
The actual string to print.

Examples

The following example makes the kernel yell "Incoming ICMP!" every time it sees an incoming ICMP on eth0. Steps are:

1)
Add an ingress qdisc point to eth0
2)
Start a chain on ingress of eth0 that first matches ICMP then invokes the simple action to shout.
3)
display stats and show that no packet has been seen by the action
4)
Send one ping packet to google (expect to receive a response back)
5)
grep the logs to see the logged message
6)

display stats again and observe increment by 1

 hadi@noma1:$ tc qdisc add dev eth0 ingress
 hadi@noma1:$tc filter add dev eth0 parent ffff: protocol ip prio 5 \
 u32 match ip protocol 1 0xff flowid 1:1 action simple "Incoming ICMP"

 hadi@noma1:$ sudo tc -s filter ls  dev eth0 parent ffff:
  filter protocol ip pref 5 u32
  filter protocol ip pref 5 u32 fh 800: ht divisor 1
  filter protocol ip pref 5 u32 fh 800::800 order 2048 key ht 800 bkt 0 flowid 1:1
    match 00010000/00ff0000 at 8
action order 1: Simple <Incoming ICMP>
 index 4 ref 1 bind 1 installed 29 sec used 29 sec
 Action statistics:
	Sent 0 bytes 0 pkt (dropped 0, overlimits 0 requeues 0)
	backlog 0b 0p requeues 0

 hadi@noma1$ ping -c 1 www.google.ca
 PING www.google.ca (74.125.225.120) 56(84) bytes of data.
 64 bytes from ord08s08-in-f24.1e100.net (74.125.225.120): icmp_req=1 ttl=53 time=31.3 ms

 --- www.google.ca ping statistics ---
 1 packets transmitted, 1 received, 0% packet loss, time 0ms
 rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 31.316/31.316/31.316/0.000 ms

 hadi@noma1$ dmesg | grep simple
 [135354.473951] simple: Incoming ICMP_1

 hadi@noma1$ sudo tc/tc -s filter ls  dev eth0 parent ffff:
 filter protocol ip pref 5 u32
 filter protocol ip pref 5 u32 fh 800: ht divisor 1
 filter protocol ip pref 5 u32 fh 800::800 order 2048 key ht 800 bkt 0 flowid 1:1
   match 00010000/00ff0000 at 8
action order 1: Simple <Incoming ICMP>
 index 4 ref 1 bind 1 installed 206 sec used 67 sec
Action statistics:
Sent 84 bytes 1 pkt (dropped 0, overlimits 0 requeues 0)
backlog 0b 0p requeues 0

See Also

tc(8)

Info

12 Jan 2015 iproute2 Linux