systemd-tmpfiles man page

systemd-tmpfiles, systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service, systemd-tmpfiles-setup-dev.service, systemd-tmpfiles-clean.service, systemd-tmpfiles-clean.timer ā€” Creates, deletes and cleans up volatile and temporary files and directories

Synopsis

systemd-tmpfiles [Options...] [CONFIGFILE...]

System units:

systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service
systemd-tmpfiles-setup-dev.service
systemd-tmpfiles-clean.service
systemd-tmpfiles-clean.timer

User units:

systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service
systemd-tmpfiles-clean.service
systemd-tmpfiles-clean.timer

Description

systemd-tmpfiles creates, deletes, and cleans up volatile and temporary files and directories, based on the configuration file format and location specified in tmpfiles.d(5).

If invoked with no arguments, it applies all directives from all configuration files. When invoked with --replace=PATH, arguments specified on the command line are used instead of the configuration file PATH. Otherwise, if one or more absolute filenames are passed on the command line, only the directives in these files are applied. If "-" is specified instead of a filename, directives are read from standard input. If only the basename of a configuration file is specified, all configuration directories as specified in tmpfiles.d(5) are searched for a matching file and the file found that has the highest priority is executed.

Options

The following options are understood:

--create

If this option is passed, all files and directories marked with f, F, w, d, D, v, p, L, c, b, m in the configuration files are created or written to. Files and directories marked with z, Z, t, T, a, and A have their ownership, access mode and security labels set.

--clean

If this option is passed, all files and directories with an age parameter configured will be cleaned up.

--remove

If this option is passed, the contents of directories marked with D or R, and files or directories themselves marked with r or R are removed.

--user

Execute "user" configuration, i.e. tmpfiles.d files in user configuration directories.

--boot

Also execute lines with an exclamation mark.

--prefix=path

Only apply rules with paths that start with the specified prefix. This option can be specified multiple times.

--exclude-prefix=path

Ignore rules with paths that start with the specified prefix. This option can be specified multiple times.

--root=root

Takes a directory path as an argument. All paths will be prefixed with the given alternate root path, including config search paths.

Note that this option does not alter how the users and groups specified in the configuration files are resolved. With or without this option, users and groups are always resolved according to the host's user and group databases, any such databases stored under the specified root directories are not consulted.

--replace=PATH

When this option is given, one ore more positional arguments must be specified. All configuration files found in the directories listed in tmpfiles.d(5) will be read, and the configuration given on the command line will be handled instead of and with the same priority as the configuration file PATH.

This option is intended to be used when package installation scripts are running and files belonging to that package are not yet available on disk, so their contents must be given on the command line, but the admin configuration might already exist and should be given higher priority.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.

--version

Print a short version string and exit.

It is possible to combine --create, --clean, and --remove in one invocation. For example, during boot the following command line is executed to ensure that all temporary and volatile directories are removed and created according to the configuration file:

systemd-tmpfiles --remove --create

Unprivileged --cleanup Operation

systemd-tmpfiles tries to avoid changing the access and modification times on the directories it accesses, which requires CAP_FOWNER privileges. When running as non-root, directories which are checked for files to clean up will have their access time bumped, which might prevent their cleanup.

Exit Status

On success, 0 is returned. If the configuration was invalid (invalid syntax, missing arguments, ...), so some lines had to be ignored, but no other errors occurred, 65 is returned (EX_DATAERR from /usr/include/sysexits.h). Otherwise, 1 is returned (EXIT_FAILURE from /usr/include/stdlib.h).

See Also

systemd(1), tmpfiles.d(5)

Referenced By

coredump.conf(5), systemd-coredump(8), systemd.directives(7), systemd.exec(5), systemd.index(7), tmpfiles.d(5).

The man pages systemd-tmpfiles-clean.service(8), systemd-tmpfiles-clean.timer(8), systemd-tmpfiles-setup-dev.service(8) and systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service(8) are aliases of systemd-tmpfiles(8).

systemd 238 systemd-tmpfiles