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slappasswd - Man Page

OpenLDAP password utility


/usr/sbin/slappasswd [-v] [-u] [-g|-s secret|-T file] [-h hash] [-c salt-format] [-n] [-o option[=value]]


Slappasswd is used to generate an userPassword value suitable for use with ldapmodify(1), slapd.conf(5) rootpw configuration directive or the slapd-config(5) olcRootPW configuration directive.



enable verbose mode.


Generate RFC 2307 userPassword values (the default).  Future versions of this program may generate alternative syntaxes by default.  This option is provided for forward compatibility.

-s secret

The secret to hash. If this, -g and -T are absent, the user will be prompted for the secret to hash. -s, -g and -T are mutually exclusive flags.


Generate the secret. If this, -s and -T are absent, the user will be prompted for the secret to hash. -s, -g and -T are mutually exclusive flags. If this is present, {CLEARTEXT} is used as scheme. -g and -h are mutually exclusive flags.

-T "file"

Hash the contents of the file. If this, -g and -s are absent, the user will be prompted for the secret to hash. -s, -g and -T and mutually exclusive flags.

-h "scheme"

If -h is specified, one of the following RFC 2307 schemes may be specified: {CRYPT}, {MD5}, {SMD5}, {SSHA}, and {SHA}. The default is {SSHA}.

Note that scheme names may need to be protected, due to { and }, from expansion by the user's command interpreter.

{SHA} and {SSHA} use the SHA-1 algorithm (FIPS 160-1), the latter with a seed.

{MD5} and {SMD5} use the MD5 algorithm (RFC 1321), the latter with a seed.

{CRYPT} uses the crypt(3).

{CLEARTEXT} indicates that the new password should be added to userPassword as clear text. Unless {CLEARTEXT} is used, this flag is incompatible with option -g.

-c crypt-salt-format

Specify the format of the salt passed to crypt(3) when generating {CRYPT} passwords.   This string needs to be in sprintf(3) format and may include one (and only one) %s conversion. This conversion will be substituted with a string of random characters from [A-Za-z0-9./].  For example, '%.2s' provides a two character salt and '$1$%.8s' tells some versions of crypt(3) to use an MD5 algorithm and provides 8 random characters of salt. The default is '%s', which provides 31 characters of salt.


Omit the trailing newline; useful to pipe the credentials into a command.

-o option[=value]

Specify an option with a(n optional) value. Possible generic options/values are:

              module-path=<pathspec> (see `modulepath' in slapd.conf(5))
              module-load="<filename> [<arguments>...]" (see `moduleload' in slapd.conf(5))

You can load a dynamically loadable password hash module by
using this option.


The practice of storing hashed passwords in userPassword violates Standard Track (RFC 4519) schema specifications and may hinder interoperability.  A new attribute type, authPassword, to hold hashed passwords has been defined (RFC 3112), but is not yet implemented in slapd(8).

It should also be noted that the behavior of crypt(3) is platform specific.

Security Considerations

Use of hashed passwords does not protect passwords during protocol transfer.  TLS or other eavesdropping protections should be in-place before using LDAP simple bind.

The hashed password values should be protected as if they were clear text passwords.

See Also

ldappasswd(1), ldapmodify(1), slapd(8), slapd.conf(5), slapd-config(5), RFC 2307, RFC 4519, RFC 3112

"OpenLDAP Administrator's Guide" (http://www.OpenLDAP.org/doc/admin/)


OpenLDAP Software is developed and maintained by The OpenLDAP Project <http://www.openldap.org/>. OpenLDAP Software is derived from the University of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.  

Referenced By

ldapcompare(1), slapd(8), slapd.conf(5), slapd-config(5), slappw-argon2(5).

2024/05/21 OpenLDAP 2.6.8