samba-tool man page

samba-tool — Main Samba administration tool.

Synopsis

samba-tool [-h] [-W myworkgroup] [-U user] [-d debuglevel] [--v]

Description

This tool is part of the samba(7) suite.

Options

-h|--help

Show this help message and exit

--realm=REALM

Set the realm name

--simple-bind-dn=DN

DN to use for a simple bind

--password=PASSWORD

Password

-U USERNAME|--username=USERNAME

Username

-W WORKGROUP|--workgroup=WORKGROUP

Workgroup

-N|--no-pass

Don't ask for a password

-k KERBEROS|--kerberos=KERBEROS

Use Kerberos

--ipaddress=IPADDRESS

IP address of the server

-d|--debuglevel=level

level is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this parameter is not specified is 1.

The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log files about the activities of the server. At level 0, only critical errors and serious warnings will be logged. Level 1 is a reasonable level for day-to-day running - it generates a small amount of information about operations carried out.

Levels above 1 will generate considerable amounts of log data, and should only be used when investigating a problem. Levels above 3 are designed for use only by developers and generate HUGE amounts of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.

Note that specifying this parameter here will override the log level parameter in the smb.conf file.

-V|--version

Prints the program version number.

-s|--configfile=<configuration file>

The file specified contains the configuration details required by the server. The information in this file includes server-specific information such as what printcap file to use, as well as descriptions of all the services that the server is to provide. See smb.conf for more information. The default configuration file name is determined at compile time.

-l|--log-basename=logdirectory

Base directory name for log/debug files. The extension ".progname" will be appended (e.g. log.smbclient, log.smbd, etc...). The log file is never removed by the client.

--option=<name>=<value>

Set the smb.conf(5) option "<name>" to value "<value>" from the command line. This overrides compiled-in defaults and options read from the configuration file.

Commands

computer create computername [options]

Create a new computer in the Active Directory Domain.

The new computer name specified on the command is the sAMAccountName, with or without the trailing dollar sign.

--computerou=COMPUTEROU

DN of alternative location (with or without domainDN counterpart) to default CN=Computers in which new computer object will be created. E.g. 'OU=OUname'.

--description=DESCRIPTION

The new computers's description.

--ip-address=IP_ADDRESS_LIST

IPv4 address for the computer's A record, or IPv6 address for AAAA record, can be provided multiple times.

--service-principal-name=SERVICE_PRINCIPAL_NAME_LIST

Computer's Service Principal Name, can be provided multiple times.

--prepare-oldjoin

Prepare enabled machine account for oldjoin mechanism.

computer delete computername [options]

Delete an existing computer account.

The computer name specified on the command is the sAMAccountName, with or without the trailing dollar sign.

computer list

List all computers.

computer move computername new_parent_dn [options]

This command moves a computer account into the specified organizational unit or container.

The computername specified on the command is the sAMAccountName, with or without the trailing dollar sign.

The name of the organizational unit or container can be specified as a full DN or without the domainDN component.

computer show computername [options]

Display a computer AD object.

The computer name specified on the command is the sAMAccountName, with or without the trailing dollar sign.

--attributes=USER_ATTRS

Comma separated list of attributes, which will be printed.

dbcheck

Check the local AD database for errors.

delegation

Manage Delegations.

delegation add-service accountname principal [options]

Add a service principal as msDS-AllowedToDelegateTo.

delegation del-service accountname principal [options]

Delete a service principal as msDS-AllowedToDelegateTo.

delegation for-any-protocol accountname [(on|off)] [options]

Set/unset UF_TRUSTED_TO_AUTHENTICATE_FOR_DELEGATION (S4U2Proxy) for an account.

delegation for-any-service accountname [(on|off)] [options]

Set/unset UF_TRUSTED_FOR_DELEGATION for an account.

delegation show accountname [options]

Show the delegation setting of an account.

dns

Manage Domain Name Service (DNS).

dns add server zone name A|AAAA|PTR|CNAME|NS|MX|SRV|TXT data

Add a DNS record.

dns delete server zone name A|AAAA|PTR|CNAME|NS|MX|SRV|TXT data

Delete a DNS record.

dns query server zone name A|AAAA|PTR|CNAME|NS|MX|SRV|TXT|ALL [options] data

Query a name.

dns roothints server [name] [options]

Query root hints.

dns serverinfo server [options]

Query server information.

dns update server zone name A|AAAA|PTR|CNAME|NS|MX|SRV|TXT olddata newdata

Update a DNS record.

dns zonecreate server zone [options]

Create a zone.

dns zonedelete server zone [options]

Delete a zone.

dns zoneinfo server zone [options]

Query zone information.

dns zonelist server [options]

List zones.

domain

Manage Domain.

domain backup

Create or restore a backup of the domain.

domain backup online

Copy a running DC's current DB into a backup tar file.

domain backup rename

Copy a running DC's DB to backup file, renaming the domain in the process.

domain backup restore

Restore the domain's DB from a backup-file.

domain classicupgrade [options] classic_smb_conf

Upgrade from Samba classic (NT4-like) database to Samba AD DC database.

domain dcpromo dnsdomain [DC|RODC] [options]

Promote an existing domain member or NT4 PDC to an AD DC.

domain demote

Demote ourselves from the role of domain controller.

domain exportkeytab keytab [options]

Dumps Kerberos keys of the domain into a keytab.

domain info ip_address [options]

Print basic info about a domain and the specified DC.

domain join dnsdomain [DC|RODC|MEMBER|SUBDOMAIN] [options]

Join a domain as either member or backup domain controller.

domain level show|raise options [options]

Show/raise domain and forest function levels.

domain passwordsettings show|set options [options]

Show/set password settings.

domain passwordsettings pso

Manage fine-grained Password Settings Objects (PSOs).

domain passwordsettings pso apply pso-name user-or-group-name [options]

Applies a PSO's password policy to a user or group.

domain passwordsettings pso create pso-name precedence [options]

Creates a new Password Settings Object (PSO).

domain passwordsettings pso delete pso-name [options]

Deletes a Password Settings Object (PSO).

domain passwordsettings pso list [options]

Lists all Password Settings Objects (PSOs).

domain passwordsettings pso set pso-name [options]

Modifies a Password Settings Object (PSO).

domain passwordsettings pso show user-name [options]

Displays a Password Settings Object (PSO).

domain passwordsettings pso show-user pso-name [options]

Displays the Password Settings that apply to a user.

domain passwordsettings pso unapply pso-name user-or-group-name [options]

Updates a PSO to no longer apply to a user or group.

domain provision

Promote an existing domain member or NT4 PDC to an AD DC.

domain trust

Domain and forest trust management.

domain trust create DOMAIN options [options]

Create a domain or forest trust.

domain trust delete DOMAIN options [options]

Delete a domain trust.

domain trust list options [options]

List domain trusts.

domain trust namespaces [DOMAIN] options [options]

Manage forest trust namespaces.

domain trust show DOMAIN options [options]

Show trusted domain details.

domain trust validate DOMAIN options [options]

Validate a domain trust.

drs

Manage Directory Replication Services (DRS).

drs bind

Show DRS capabilities of a server.

drs kcc

Trigger knowledge consistency center run.

drs options

Query or change options for NTDS Settings object of a domain controller.

drs replicate destination_DC source_DC NC [options]

Replicate a naming context between two DCs.

drs showrepl

Show replication status. The [--json] option results in JSON output, and with the [--summary] option produces very little output when the replication status seems healthy.

dsacl

Administer DS ACLs

dsacl set

Modify access list on a directory object.

forest

Manage Forest configuration.

forest directory_service

Manage directory_service behaviour for the forest.

forest directory_service dsheuristics VALUE

Modify dsheuristics directory_service configuration for the forest.

forest directory_service show

Show current directory_service configuration for the forest.

fsmo

Manage Flexible Single Master Operations (FSMO).

fsmo seize [options]

Seize the role.

fsmo show

Show the roles.

fsmo transfer [options]

Transfer the role.

gpo

Manage Group Policy Objects (GPO).

gpo create displayname [options]

Create an empty GPO.

gpo del gpo [options]

Delete GPO.

gpo fetch gpo [options]

Download a GPO.

gpo getinheritance container_dn [options]

Get inheritance flag for a container.

gpo list username [options]

List GPOs for an account.

gpo listall

List all GPOs.

gpo listcontainers gpo [options]

List all linked containers for a GPO.

gpo setinheritance container_dn block|inherit [options]

Set inheritance flag on a container.

gpo show gpo [options]

Show information for a GPO.

group

Manage groups.

group add groupname [options]

Create a new AD group.

group addmembers groupname members [options]

Add members to an AD group.

group delete groupname [options]

Delete an AD group.

group list

List all groups.

group listmembers groupname [options]

List all members of the specified AD group.

group move groupname new_parent_dn [options]

This command moves a group into the specified organizational unit or container.

The groupname specified on the command is the sAMAccountName.

The name of the organizational unit or container can be specified as a full DN or without the domainDN component.

group removemembers groupname members [options]

Remove members from the specified AD group.

group show groupname [options]

Show group object and it's attributes.

ldapcmp URL1 URL2 domain|configuration|schema|dnsdomain|dnsforest [options]

Compare two LDAP databases.

ntacl

Manage NT ACLs.

ntacl get file [options]

Get ACLs on a file.

ntacl set acl file [options]

Set ACLs on a file.

ntacl sysvolcheck

Check sysvol ACLs match defaults (including correct ACLs on GPOs).

ntacl sysvolreset

Reset sysvol ACLs to defaults (including correct ACLs on GPOs).

ou create ou_dn [options]

Create an organizational unit.

The name of the organizational unit can be specified as a full DN or without the domainDN component.

--description=DESCRIPTION

Specify OU's description.

ou delete ou_dn [options]

Delete an organizational unit.

The name of the organizational unit can be specified as a full DN or without the domainDN component.

--force-subtree-delete

Delete organizational unit and all children reclusively.

ou list [options]

List all organizational units.

--full-dn

Display DNs including the base DN.

ou listobjects ou_dn [options]

List all objects in an organizational unit.

The name of the organizational unit can be specified as a full DN or without the domainDN component.

--full-dn

Display DNs including the base DN.

-r|--recursive

List objects recursively.

ou move old_ou_dn new_parent_dn [options]

Move an organizational unit.

The name of the organizational units can be specified as a full DN or without the domainDN component.

ou rename old_ou_dn new_ou_dn [options]

Rename an organizational unit.

The name of the organizational units can be specified as a full DN or without the domainDN component.

rodc

Manage Read-Only Domain Controller (RODC).

rodc preload SID|DN|accountname [options]

Preload one account for an RODC.

schema

Manage and query schema.

schema attribute modify attribute [options]

Modify the behaviour of an attribute in schema.

schema attribute show attribute [options]

Display an attribute schema definition.

schema attribute show_oc attribute [options]

Show objectclasses that MAY or MUST contain this attribute.

schema objectclass show objectclass [options]

Display an objectclass schema definition.

sites

Manage sites.

sites create site [options]

Create a new site.

sites remove site [options]

Delete an existing site.

spn

Manage Service Principal Names (SPN).

spn add name user [options]

Create a new SPN.

spn delete name [user] [options]

Delete an existing SPN.

spn list user [options]

List SPNs of a given user.

testparm

Check the syntax of the configuration file.

time

Retrieve the time on a server.

user

Manage users.

user add username [password]

Create a new user. Please note that this subcommand is deprecated and available for compatibility reasons only. Please use samba-tool user create instead.

user create username [password]

Create a new user in the Active Directory Domain.

user delete username [options]

Delete an existing user account.

user disable username

Disable an user account.

user enable username

Enable an user account.

user list

List all users.

user show username [options]

Display a user AD object.

--attributes=USER_ATTRS

Comma separated list of attributes, which will be printed.

user move username new_parent_dn [options]

This command moves a user account into the specified organizational unit or container.

The username specified on the command is the sAMAccountName.

The name of the organizational unit or container can be specified as a full DN or without the domainDN component.

user password [options]

Change password for an user account (the one provided in authentication).

user setexpiry username [options]

Set the expiration of an user account.

user setpassword username [options]

Sets or resets the password of an user account.

user getpassword username [options]

Gets the password of an user account.

user syncpasswords --cache-ldb-initialize [options]

Syncs the passwords of all user accounts, using an optional script.

Note that this command should run on a single domain controller only (typically the PDC-emulator).

vampire [options] domain

Join and synchronise a remote AD domain to the local server. Please note that samba-tool vampire is deprecated, please use samba-tool domain join instead.

visualize [options] subcommand

Produce graphical representations of Samba network state. To work out what is happening in a replication graph, it is sometimes helpful to use visualisations.

There are two subcommands, two graphical modes, and (roughly) two modes of operation with respect to the location of authority.

Modes of Operation

samba-tool visualize ntdsconn

Looks at NTDS connections.

samba-tool visualize reps

Looks at repsTo and repsFrom objects.

samba-tool visualize uptodateness

Looks at replication lag as shown by the uptodateness vectors.

Graphical Modes

--distance

Distances between DCs are shown in a matrix in the terminal.

--dot

Generate Graphviz dot output (for ntdsconn and reps modes). When viewed using dot or xdot, this shows the network as a graph with DCs as vertices and connections edges. Certain types of degenerate edges are shown in different colours or line-styles.

--xdot

Generate Graphviz dot output as with [--dot] and attempt to view it immediately using /usr/bin/xdot.

-r

Normally, samba-tool talks to one database; with the [-r] option attempts are made to contact all the DCs known to the first database. This is necessary for samba-tool visualize uptodateness and for samba-tool visualize reps because the repsFrom/To objects are not replicated, and it can reveal replication issues in other modes.

help

Gives usage information.

Version

This man page is complete for version 4.9.0rc2 of the Samba suite.

Author

The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.

Referenced By

samba(7), samba(8), smb.conf(5).

08/01/2018 Samba 4.9.0rc2 System Administration tools