racoon - Man Page

IKE (ISAKMP/Oakley) key management daemon


racoon[-46BdFLVv] [-f configfile] [-l logfile] [-P isakmp-natt-port] [-p isakmp-port]


racoon speaks the IKE (ISAKMP/Oakley) key management protocol, to establish security associations with other hosts. The SPD (Security Policy Database) in the kernel usually triggers racoon. racoon usually sends all informational messages, warnings and error messages to syslogd(8) with the facility LOG_DAEMON and the priority LOG_INFO. Debugging messages are sent with the priority LOG_DEBUG. You should configure syslog.conf(5) appropriately to see these messages.


Specify the default address family for the sockets.


Install SA(s) from the file which is specified in racoon.conf(5).


Increase the debug level. Multiple -d arguments will increase the debug level even more.


Run racoon in the foreground.

-f configfile

Use configfile as the configuration file instead of the default.


Include file_name:line_number:function_name in all messages.

-l logfile

Use logfile as the logging file instead of syslogd(8).

-P isakmp-natt-port

Use isakmp-natt-port for NAT-Traversal port-floating. The default is 4500.

-p isakmp-port

Listen to the ISAKMP key exchange on port isakmp-port instead of the default port number, 500.


Print racoon version and compilation options and exit.


This flag causes the packet dump be more verbose, with higher debugging level.

racoon assumes the presence of the kernel random number device rnd(4) at /dev/urandom.

Return Values

The command exits with 0 on success, and non-zero on errors.



default configuration file.

See Also

ipsec(4), racoon.conf(5), syslog.conf(5), setkey(8), syslogd(8)


The racoon command first appeared in the “YIPS” Yokogawa IPsec implementation.

Security Considerations

The use of IKE phase 1 aggressive mode is not recommended, as described in http://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/886601.

Referenced By

plainrsa-gen(8), racoon.conf(5), racoonctl(8), racoon_selinux(8), setkey(8).

January 23, 2009