osdmaptool man page

osdmaptool — ceph osd cluster map manipulation tool

Synopsis

osdmaptool mapfilename [–print] [–createsimple numosd
[–pgbits bitsperosd ] ] [–clobber]

Description

osdmaptool is a utility that lets you create, view, and manipulate OSD cluster maps from the Ceph distributed storage system. Notably, it lets you extract the embedded CRUSH map or import a new CRUSH map.

Options

--print

will simply make the tool print a plaintext dump of the map, after any modifications are made.

--clobber

will allow osdmaptool to overwrite mapfilename if changes are made.

--import-crush mapfile

will load the CRUSH map from mapfile and embed it in the OSD map.

--export-crush mapfile

will extract the CRUSH map from the OSD map and write it to mapfile.

--createsimple numosd [--pgbits bitsperosd]

will create a relatively generic OSD map with the numosd devices. If –pgbits is specified, the initial placement group counts will be set with bitsperosd bits per OSD. That is, the pg_num map attribute will be set to numosd shifted by bitsperosd.

--test-map-pgs [--pool poolid]

will print out the mappings from placement groups to OSDs.

--test-map-pgs-dump [--pool poolid]

will print out the summary of all placement groups and the mappings from them to the mapped OSDs.

Example

To create a simple map with 16 devices:

osdmaptool --createsimple 16 osdmap --clobber

To view the result:

osdmaptool --print osdmap

To view the mappings of placement groups for pool 0:

osdmaptool --test-map-pgs-dump rbd --pool 0

pool 0 pg_num 8
0.0     [0,2,1] 0
0.1     [2,0,1] 2
0.2     [0,1,2] 0
0.3     [2,0,1] 2
0.4     [0,2,1] 0
0.5     [0,2,1] 0
0.6     [0,1,2] 0
0.7     [1,0,2] 1
#osd    count   first   primary c wt    wt
osd.0   8       5       5       1       1
osd.1   8       1       1       1       1
osd.2   8       2       2       1       1
 in 3
 avg 8 stddev 0 (0x) (expected 2.3094 0.288675x))
 min osd.0 8
 max osd.0 8
size 0  0
size 1  0
size 2  0
size 3  8
In which,
1.

pool 0 has 8 placement groups. And two tables follow:

2.

A table for placement groups. Each row presents a placement group. With columns of:

  • placement group id,
  • acting set, and
  • primary OSD.
3.

A table for all OSDs. Each row presents an OSD. With columns of:

  • count of placement groups being mapped to this OSD,
  • count of placement groups where this OSD is the first one in their acting sets,
  • count of placement groups where this OSD is the primary of them,
  • the CRUSH weight of this OSD, and
  • the weight of this OSD.
4.

Looking at the number of placement groups held by 3 OSDs. We have

  • avarge, stddev, stddev/average, expected stddev, expected stddev / average
  • min and max
5.

The number of placement groups mapping to n OSDs. In this case, all 8 placement groups are mapping to 3 different OSDs.

In a less-balanced cluster, we could have following output for the statistics of placement group distribution, whose standard deviation is 1.41421:

#osd    count   first   primary c wt    wt
osd.0   8       5       5       1       1
osd.1   8       1       1       1       1
osd.2   8       2       2       1       1

#osd    count   first    primary c wt    wt
osd.0   33      9        9       0.0145874     1
osd.1   34      14       14      0.0145874     1
osd.2   31      7        7       0.0145874     1
osd.3   31      13       13      0.0145874     1
osd.4   30      14       14      0.0145874     1
osd.5   33      7        7       0.0145874     1
 in 6
 avg 32 stddev 1.41421 (0.0441942x) (expected 5.16398 0.161374x))
 min osd.4 30
 max osd.1 34
size 00
size 10
size 20
size 364

Availability

osdmaptool is part of Ceph, a massively scalable, open-source, distributed storage system.  Please refer to the Ceph documentation at http://ceph.com/docs for more information.

See Also

ceph(8), crushtool(8),

Referenced By

crushtool(8).

Sep 01, 2017 dev Ceph