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lloadd - Man Page

LDAP Load Balancer Daemon


/usr/lib64/lloadd [-4|-6] [-d debug-level] [-f lloadd-config-file] [-h URLs] [-n service-name] [-s syslog-level] [-l syslog-local-user] [-o option[=value]] [-r directory] [-u user] [-g group]


Lloadd is the stand-alone LDAP daemon. It listens for LDAP connections on any number of ports (default 389), forwarding the LDAP operations it receives over these connections to be handled by the configured backends. lloadd is typically invoked at boot time, usually out of /etc/rc.local. Upon startup, lloadd normally forks and disassociates itself from the invoking tty. If configured in the config file, the lloadd process will print its process ID (see getpid(2)) to a .pid file, as well as the command line options during invocation to an .args file (see lloadd.conf(5)). If the -d flag is given, even with a zero argument, lloadd will not fork and disassociate from the invoking tty.

See the "OpenLDAP Administrator's Guide" for more details on lloadd.



Listen on IPv4 addresses only.


Listen on IPv6 addresses only.

-d debug-level

Turn on debugging as defined by debug-level. If this option is specified, even with a zero argument, lloadd will not fork or disassociate from the invoking terminal.  Some general operation and status messages are printed for any value of debug-level. debug-level is taken as a bit string, with each bit corresponding to a different kind of debugging information.  See <ldap_log.h> for details. Comma-separated arrays of friendly names can be specified to select debugging output of the corresponding debugging information. All the names recognized by the loglevel directive described in lloadd.conf(5) are supported. If debug-level is ?, a list of installed debug-levels is printed, and lloadd exits.

Remember that if you turn on packet logging, packets containing bind passwords will be output, so if you redirect the log to a logfile, that file should be read-protected.

-s syslog-level

This option tells lloadd at what debug-level debugging statements should be logged to the syslog(8) facility. The value syslog-level can be set to any value or combination allowed by the -d switch. Lloadd logs all messages selected by syslog-level at the syslog(3) severity debug-level DEBUG, on the unit specified with -l.

-n service-name

Specifies the service name for logging and other purposes.  Defaults to basename of argv[0], i.e.: "lloadd".

-l syslog-local-user

Selects the local user of the syslog(8) facility. Value can be LOCAL0, through LOCAL7, as well as USER and DAEMON. The default is LOCAL4. However, this option is only permitted on systems that support local users with the syslog(8) facility. Logging to syslog(8) occurs at the "DEBUG" severity debug-level.

-f lloadd-config-file

Specifies the lloadd configuration file. The default is /etc/openldap/lloadd.conf.

-h URLlist

lloadd will by default serve ldap:/// (LDAP over TCP on all interfaces on default LDAP port).  That is, it will bind using INADDR_ANY and port 389. The -h option may be used to specify LDAP (and other scheme) URLs to serve. For example, if lloadd is given -h "ldap:// ldaps:/// ldapi:///", it will listen on for LDAP, for LDAP over TLS, and LDAP over IPC (Unix domain sockets).  Host represents INADDR_ANY (any interface). A space separated list of URLs is expected.  The URLs should be of the LDAP, PLDAP, LDAPS, PLDAPS, or LDAPI schemes, and generally without a DN or other optional parameters (excepting as discussed below).  Support for the latter three schemes depends on selected configuration options. Hosts may be specified by name or IPv4 and IPv6 address formats.  Ports, if specified, must be numeric.  The default ldap:// port is 389 and the default ldaps:// port is 636, same for the proxy enabled variants.

The PLDAP and PLDAPS URL schemes provide support for the HAProxy proxy protocol version 2, which allows a load balancer or proxy server to provide the remote client IP address to slapd to be used for access control or logging. Ports configured for PLDAP or PLDAPS will only accept connections that include the necessary proxy protocol header. Connections to these ports should be restricted at the network level to only trusted load balancers or proxies to avoid spoofing of client IP addresses by third parties.

At the moment, the load balancer does not act on the recorded address in any way.

For LDAP over IPC, name is the name of the socket, and no port is required, nor allowed; note that directory separators must be URL-encoded, like any other characters that are special to URLs; so the socket


must be specified as


The default location for the IPC socket is /var/run/ldapi

-r directory

Specifies a directory to become the root directory.  lloadd will change the current working directory to this directory and then chroot(2) to this directory.  This is done after opening listeners but before reading any configuration file or initializing any backend.  When used as a security mechanism, it should be used in conjunction with -u and -g options.

-u user

lloadd will run lloadd with the specified user name or id, and that user's supplementary group access list as set with initgroups(3).  The group ID is also changed to this user's gid, unless the -g option is used to override.  Note when used with -r, lloadd will use the user database in the change root environment.

-g group

lloadd will run with the specified group name or id.  Note when used with -r, lloadd will use the group database in the change root environment.

-o option[=value]

This option provides a generic means to specify options without the need to reserve a separate letter for them.

It supports the following options:


When SLP support is compiled into lloadd, disable it (off),
enable it by registering at SLP DAs without specific SLP attributes (on), or with specific SLP attributes slp-attrs that must be an SLP attribute list definition according to the SLP standard.

For example, "slp=(tree=production),(server-type=OpenLDAP),(server-version=2.4.15)" registers at SLP DAs with the three SLP attributes tree, server-type and server-version that have the values given above. This allows one to specifically query the SLP DAs for LDAP servers holding the production tree in case multiple trees are available.

Relation to Slapd(8)

Lloadd can be compiled as a slapd loadable module. In that case, it can be loaded as such:

    moduleload path/to/lloadd.la
    backend lload
    listen "listening URLs"

This enables lloadd to provide additional features through the host slapd process like access to run-time statistics in cn=monitor and dynamic configuration from cn=config.

The listening sockets specified will be under direct control of lloadd and need to be different from the sockets slapd is configured to listen on. Clients connecting to these are completely separate from regular LDAP clients connecting to the usual slapd sockets - lloadd clients have no access to slapd databases, similarly, slapd client traffic does not propagate to the lloadd backend servers in any way.

Cn=Monitor Interface

As part of lloadd's cn=monitor interface it is possible to close a client connection it manages by writing to the corresponding entry, replacing the olmConnectionState attribute with the value closing. This is subject to ACLs configured on the monitor database. The server will send a Notice of Disconnection to the client, refuse any new operations and once all pending operations have finished, close the connection.

For example, to close connection number 42:

    dn: cn=connection 42,cn=incoming connections,cn=load balancer,cn=backends,cn=monitor
    changetype: modify
    replace: olmConnectionState
    olmConnectionState: closing


To start lloadd and have it fork and detach from the terminal and start load-balancing the LDAP servers defined in the default config file, just type:


To start lloadd with an alternate configuration file, and turn on voluminous debugging which will be printed on standard error, type:

	/usr/lib64/lloadd -f /var/tmp/lloadd.conf -d 255

To start lloadd as a module inside a slapd process listening on ldap://:1389 and ldaps://, put the following in your slapd.conf (or its equivalent in cn=config):

    moduleload lloadd.la
    backend lload
    listen "ldap://:1389 ldaps://"

See Also

ldap(3), lloadd.conf(5), slapd-config(5), slapd-monitor(5), slapd(8).

"OpenLDAP Administrator's Guide" (http://www.OpenLDAP.org/doc/admin/)


See http://www.openldap.org/its/


OpenLDAP Software is developed and maintained by The OpenLDAP Project <http://www.openldap.org/>. OpenLDAP Software is derived from the University of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.  

Referenced By


2024/05/21 OpenLDAP 2.6.8