keymgr man page

keymgr — Knot DNS key management utility

Synopsis

keymgr basic_option [parameters...]

keymgr [config_option config_storage] zone command argument...

Description

The keymgr utility serves for manual key management in Knot DNS server.

Functions for DNSSEC keys and KASP (Key And Signature Policy) management are provided.

The DNSSEC and KASP configuration is stored in a so called KASP database. The database is backed by LMDB.

Basic options

-h, --help

Print the program help.

-V, --version

Print the program version.

-t, --tsig tsig_name [tsig_algorithm] [tsig_bits]

Generates a TSIG key. TSIG algorithm can be specified by string (default: hmac-sha256), bit length of the key by number (default: optimal length given by algorithm). The generated TSIG key is only displayed on stdout: the command does not create a file, nor include the key in a keystore.

Config options

-c, --config file

Use a textual configuration file (default is @config_dir@/knot.conf).

-C, --confdb directory

Use a binary configuration database directory (default is @storage_dir@/confdb). The default configuration database, if exists, has a preference to the default configuration file.

-d, --dir path

Use specified KASP database path and default configuration.

Commands

list [timestamp_format]

Prints the list of key IDs and parameters of keys belonging to the zone.

generate [arguments...]

Generates new DNSSEC key and stores it in KASP database. Prints the key ID. This action takes some number of arguments (see below). Values for unspecified arguments are taken from corresponding policy (if -c or -C options used) or from Knot policy defaults.

import-bind BIND_key_file

Imports a BIND-style key into KASP database (converting it to PEM format). Takes one argument: path to BIND key file (private or public, but both MUST exist).

import-pub BIND_pubkey_file

Imports a public key into KASP database. This key won't be rollovered nor used for signing. Takes one argument: path to BIND public key file.

import-pem PEM_file [arguments...]

Imports a DNSSEC key from PEM file. The key parameters (same as for the generate action) need to be specified (mainly algorithm, timers...) because they are not contained in the PEM format.

set key_spec [arguments...]

Changes a timing argument of an existing key to a new timestamp. Key_spec is either the key tag or a prefix of the key ID; arguments are like for generate, but just the timing-related ones.

ds [key_spec]

Generate DS record (all digest algorithms together) for specified key. Key_spec is like for set, if unspecified, all KSKs are used.

dnskey [key_spec]

Generate DNSKEY record for specified key. Key_spec is like for ds, if unspecified, all KSKs are used.

delete key_spec

Remove the specified key from zone. If the key was not shared, it is also deleted from keystore.

share key_ID

Import a key (specified by full key ID) from another zone as shared. After this, the key is owned by both zones equally.

Generate arguments

Arguments are separated by space, each of them is in format 'name=value'.

algorithm

Either an algorithm number (e.g. 14), or text name without dashes (e.g. ECDSAP384SHA384).

size

Key length in bits.

ksk

Either 'true' (KSK will be generated) or 'false' (ZSK will be generated).

created

Timestamp of key creation.

publish

Timestamp for key to be published.

ready

Timestamp for key to be pre-activated and submitted (in case of KSK).

active

Timestamp for key to be activated.

retire

Timestamp for key to be de-activated.

remove

Timestamp for key ot be deleted.

Timestamps

0

Zero timestamp means infinite future.

UNIX_time

Positive number of seconds since 1970 UTC.

YYYYMMDDHHMMSS

Date and time in this format without any punctuation.

relative_timestamp

A sign character (+, -), a number, and an optional time unit (y, mo, d, h, mi, s). The default unit is one second. E.g. +1mi, -2mo.

Output timestamp formats

(none)

The timestamps are printed as UNIX timestamp.

human

The timestamps are printed relatively to now using time units (e.g. -2y5mo, +1h13s).

iso

The timestamps are printed in the ISO8601 format (e.g. 2016-12-31T23:59:00).

Examples

1.

Generate new TSIG key:

$ keymgr -t my_name hmac-sha384
2.

Generate new DNSSEC key:

$ keymgr example.com. generate algorithm=ECDSAP256SHA256 size=256 \
  ksk=true created=1488034625 publish=20170223205611 retire=+10mo remove=+1y
3.

Import a DNSSEC key from BIND:

$ keymgr example.com. import-bind ~/bind/Kharbinge4d5.+007+63089.key
4.

Configure key timing:

$ keymgr example.com. set 4208 active=+2mi retire=+4mi remove=+5mi
5.

Share a KSK from another zone:

$ keymgr example.com. share e687cf927029e9db7184d2ece6d663f5d1e5b0e9

See Also

RFC 6781 - DNSSEC Operational Practices. RFC 7583 - DNSSEC Key Rollover Timing Considerations.

knot.conf(5), knotc(8), knotd(8).

Author

CZ.NIC Labs <http://www.knot-dns.cz>

Referenced By

kdig(1), knotd(8), knsupdate(1).

2017-11-02 2.6.1 Knot DNS