ganesha-rados-grace - Man Page

manipulate the shared grace management database


ganesha-rados-grace [ --cephconf /path/to/ceph.conf ] [--ns namespace] [ --oid obj_id ] [ --pool pool_id ] [ --userid cephuser ] dump|add|start|join|lift|remove|enforce|noenforce|member [ nodeid ... ]


This tool allows the administrator to directly manipulate the database used by the rados_cluster recovery backend. Cluster nodes use that database to indicate their current state in order to coordinate a cluster-wide grace period.

The first argument should be a command to execute against the database. Any remaining arguments represent the nodeids of nodes in the cluster that should be acted upon.

Most commands will just fail if the grace database is not present. The exception to this rule is the add command which will create the pool, database and namespace if they do not already exist.

Note that this program does not consult ganesha.conf. If you use non-default values for ceph_conf, userid, grace_oid, namespace or pool in your RADOS_KV config block, then they will need to passed in via command-line options.


Specify the ceph.conf configuration that should be used (default is to use the normal search path to find one)
Set the RADOS namespace to use within the pool (default is NULL)
Set the object id of the grace database RADOS object (default is "grace")
Set the RADOS poolid in which the grace database object resides (default is "nfs-ganesha")
Set the cephx user ID to use when contacting the cluster (default is NULL)



Dump the current status of the grace period database to stdout. This will show the current and recovery epoch serial numbers, as well as a list of hosts currently in the cluster and what flags they have set in their individual records.


Add the specified hosts to the cluster. This must be done before the given hosts can take part in the cluster. Attempts to modify the database by cluster hosts that have not yet been added will generally fail. New hosts are added with the enforcing flag set, as they are unable to hand out new state until their own grace period has been lifted.


Start a new grace period. This will begin a new grace period in the cluster if one is not already active and set the record for the listed cluster hosts as both needing a grace period and enforcing the grace period. If a grace period is already active, then this is equivalent to join.


Attempt to join an existing grace period. This works like start, but only if there is already an existing grace period in force.


Attempt to lift the current grace period. This will clear the need grace flags for the listed hosts. If there are no more hosts in the cluster that require a grace period, then it will be fully lifted and the cluster will transition to normal operations.


Remove one or more existing hosts from the cluster. This will remove the listed hosts from the grace database, possibly lifting the current grace period if there are no more hosts that need one.


Set the flag for the given hosts that indicates that they are currently enforcing the grace period; not allowing the acquisition of new state by clients.


Clear the enforcing flag for the given hosts, meaning that those hosts are now allowing clients to acquire new state.


Test whether the given hosts are members of the cluster. Returns an error if any of the hosts are not present in the grace db omap.


When the dump command is issued, ganesha-rados-grace will display a list of all of the nodes in the grace database, and any flags they have set. The flags are as follows:

E (Enforcing)

The node is currently enforcing the grace period by rejecting requests from clients to acquire new state.

N (Need Grace)

The node currently requires a grace period. Generally, this means that the node has clients that need to perform recovery.

Nodeid Assignment

Each running ganesha daemon requires a nodeid string that is unique within the cluster. This can be any value as ganesha treats it as an opaque string. By default, the ganesha daemon will use the hostname of the node where it is running.

This may not be suitable when running under certain HA clustering infrastructure, so it's generally recommended to manually assign nodeid values to the hosts in the RADOS_KV config block of ganesha.conf.

Ganesha Configuration

The ganesha daemon will need to be configured with the RecoveryBackend set to rados_cluster. If you use a non-default pool, namespace or oid, nodeid then those values will need to be set accordingly in the RADOS_KV config block as well.

Starting a New Cluster

First, add the given cluster nodes to the grace database. Assuming that the nodes in our cluster will have nodeids ganesha-1 through ganesha-3:

ganesha-rados-grace add ganesha-1 ganesha-2 ganesha-3

Once this is done, you can start the daemons on each host and they will coordinate to start and lift the grace periods as-needed.

Adding Nodes to a Running Cluster

After this point, new nodes can then be added to the cluster as needed using the add command:

ganesha-rados-grace add ganesha-4

After the node has been added, ganesha.nfsd can then be started. It will then request a new grace period as-needed.

Removing a Node from the Cluster

To remove a node from the cluster, first unmount any clients that have that node mounted (possibly moving them to other servers). Then execute the remove command with the nodeids to be removed from the cluster. For example:

ganesha-rados-grace remove ganesha-4

This will remove the ganesha-4's record from the database, and possibly lift the current grace period if one is active and it was the last one to need it.


Mar 15, 2024 NFS-Ganesha