ext4slower man page

ext4slower ā€” Trace slow ext4 file operations, with per-event details.

Synopsis

ext4slower [-h] [-j] [-p PID] [min_ms]

Description

This tool traces common ext4 file operations: reads, writes, opens, and syncs. It measures the time spent in these operations, and prints details for each that exceeded a threshold.

WARNING: See the Overhead section.

By default, a minimum millisecond threshold of 10 is used. If a threshold of 0 is used, all events are printed (warning: verbose).

Since this works by tracing the ext4_file_operations interface functions, it will need updating to match any changes to these functions.

Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.

Requirements

CONFIG_BPF and bcc.

Options

-p PID Trace this PID only.

min_ms

Minimum I/O latency (duration) to trace, in milliseconds. Default is 10 ms.

Examples

Trace synchronous file reads and writes slower than 10 ms:

# ext4slower

Trace slower than 1 ms:

# ext4slower 1

Trace slower than 1 ms, and output just the fields in parsable format (csv):

# ext4slower -j 1

Trace all file reads and writes (warning: the output will be verbose):

# ext4slower 0

Trace slower than 1 ms, for PID 181 only:

# ext4slower -p 181 1

Fields

TIME(s)

Time of I/O completion since the first I/O seen, in seconds.

COMM

Process name.

PID

Process ID.

T

Type of operation. R == read, W == write, O == open, S == fsync.

OFF_KB

File offset for the I/O, in Kbytes.

BYTES

Size of I/O, in bytes.

LAT(ms)

Latency (duration) of I/O, measured from when it was issued by VFS to the filesystem, to when it completed. This time is inclusive of block device I/O, file system CPU cycles, file system locks, run queue latency, etc. It's a more accurate measure of the latency suffered by applications performing file system I/O, than to measure this down at the block device interface.

FILENAME

A cached kernel file name (comes from dentry->d_iname).

ENDTIME_us

Completion timestamp, microseconds (-j only).

OFFSET_b

File offset, bytes (-j only).

LATENCY_us

Latency (duration) of the I/O, in microseconds (-j only).

Overhead

This adds low-overhead instrumentation to these ext4 operations, including reads and writes from the file system cache. Such reads and writes can be very frequent (depending on the workload; eg, 1M/sec), at which point the overhead of this tool (even if it prints no "slower" events) can begin to become significant. Measure and quantify before use. If this continues to be a problem, consider switching to a tool that prints in-kernel summaries only.

Note that the overhead of this tool should be less than fileslower(8), as this tool targets ext4 functions only, and not all file read/write paths (which can include socket I/O).

Source

This is from bcc.

https://github.com/iovisor/bcc

Also look in the bcc distribution for a companion _examples.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.

OS

Linux

Stability

Unstable - in development.

Author

Brendan Gregg

See Also

biosnoop(8), funccount(8), fileslower(8)

Info

2016-02-11 USER COMMANDS