Your company here — click to reach over 10,000 unique daily visitors

cryptsetup-repair - Man Page

repair the device metadata


cryptsetup repair [<options>] <device>


Tries to repair the device metadata if possible. Currently supported only for LUKS device type.

This command is useful to fix some known benign LUKS metadata header corruptions. Only basic corruptions of unused keyslot are fixable. This command will only change the LUKS header, not any key-slot data. You may enforce LUKS version by adding --type option.

It also repairs (upgrades) LUKS2 reencryption metadata by adding a metadata digest that protects it against malicious changes.

If LUKS2 reencryption was interrupted in the middle of writing reencryption segment the repair command can be used to perform reencryption recovery so that reencryption can continue later. Repairing reencryption requires verification of reencryption keyslot so passphrase or keyfile is needed.

<options> can be [--timeout, --verify-passphrase, --disable-locks, --type, --header, --key-file, --keyfile-size, --keyfile-offset, --key-slot].

WARNING: Always create a binary backup of the original header before calling this command.


--batch-mode,  -q

Suppresses all confirmation questions. Use with care!

If the --verify-passphrase option is not specified, this option also switches off the passphrase verification.

--debug or --debug-json

Run in debug mode with full diagnostic logs. Debug output lines are always prefixed by #.

If --debug-json is used, additional LUKS2 JSON data structures are printed.


Disable lock protection for metadata on disk. This option is valid only for LUKS2 and ignored for other formats.

WARNING: Do not use this option unless you run cryptsetup in a restricted environment where locking is impossible to perform (where /run directory cannot be used).

--header <device or file storing the LUKS header>

Use a detached (separated) metadata device or file where the LUKS header is stored. This option allows one to store ciphertext and LUKS header on different devices.

For commands that change the LUKS header (e.g. luksAddKey), specify the device or file with the LUKS header directly as the LUKS device.

--help,  -?

Show help text and default parameters.

--key-file,  -d name

Read the passphrase from file.

If the name given is "-", then the passphrase will be read from stdin. In this case, reading will not stop at newline characters.

See section NOTES ON PASSPHRASE PROCESSING in cryptsetup(8) for more information.

--keyfile-offset value

Skip value bytes at the beginning of the key file.

--keyfile-size,  -l value

Read a maximum of value bytes from the key file. The default is to read the whole file up to the compiled-in maximum that can be queried with --help. Supplying more data than the compiled-in maximum aborts the operation.

This option is useful to cut trailing newlines, for example. If --keyfile-offset is also given, the size count starts after the offset.

--key-slot,  -S <0-N>

For LUKS operations that add key material, this option allows you to specify which key slot is selected for the new key.

The maximum number of key slots depends on the LUKS version. LUKS1 can have up to 8 key slots. LUKS2 can have up to 32 key slots based on key slot area size and key size, but a valid key slot ID can always be between 0 and 31 for LUKS2.

--timeout,  -t <number of seconds>

The number of seconds to wait before timeout on passphrase input via terminal. It is relevant every time a passphrase is asked. It has no effect if used in conjunction with --key-file.

This option is useful when the system should not stall if the user does not input a passphrase, e.g. during boot. The default is a value of 0 seconds, which means to wait forever.

--type <device-type>

Specifies required device type, for more info read BASIC ACTIONS section in cryptsetup(8).


Show short option help.

--verify-passphrase,  -y

When interactively asking for a passphrase, ask for it twice and complain if both inputs do not match. Ignored on input from file or stdin.

--version,  -V

Show the program version.

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs at cryptsetup mailing list or in Issues project section.

Please attach output of the failed command with --debug option added.

See Also

Cryptsetup FAQ

cryptsetup(8), integritysetup(8) and veritysetup(8)


Part of cryptsetup project.

Referenced By


2024-06-17 cryptsetup 2.7.3 Maintenance Commands