ceph-bluestore-tool - Man Page

bluestore administrative tool


ceph-bluestore-tool command
[ --dev device ... ]
[ -i osd_id ]
[ --path osd path ]
[ --out-dir dir ]
[ --log-file | -l filename ]
[ --deep ]
ceph-bluestore-tool fsck|repair --path osd path [ --deep ]
ceph-bluestore-tool qfsck       --path osd path
ceph-bluestore-tool allocmap    --path osd path
ceph-bluestore-tool restore_cfb --path osd path
ceph-bluestore-tool show-label --dev device ...
ceph-bluestore-tool prime-osd-dir --dev device --path osd path
ceph-bluestore-tool bluefs-export --path osd path --out-dir dir
ceph-bluestore-tool bluefs-bdev-new-wal --path osd path --dev-target new-device
ceph-bluestore-tool bluefs-bdev-new-db --path osd path --dev-target new-device
ceph-bluestore-tool bluefs-bdev-migrate --path osd path --dev-target new-device --devs-source device1 [--devs-source device2]
ceph-bluestore-tool free-dump|free-score --path osd path [ --allocator block/bluefs-wal/bluefs-db/bluefs-slow ]
ceph-bluestore-tool reshard --path osd path --sharding new sharding [ --sharding-ctrl control string ]
ceph-bluestore-tool show-sharding --path osd path


ceph-bluestore-tool is a utility to perform low-level administrative operations on a BlueStore instance.



show help

fsck [ --deep ]

run consistency check on BlueStore metadata.  If --deep is specified, also read all object data and verify checksums.


Run a consistency check and repair any errors we can.


run consistency check on BlueStore metadata comparing allocator data (from RocksDB CFB when exists and if not uses allocation-file) with ONodes state.


performs the same check done by qfsck and then stores a new allocation-file (command is disabled by default and requires a special build)


Reverses changes done by the new NCB code (either through ceph restart or when running allocmap command) and restores RocksDB B Column-Family (allocator-map).


Export the contents of BlueFS (i.e., RocksDB files) to an output directory.

bluefs-bdev-sizes --path osd path

Print the device sizes, as understood by BlueFS, to stdout.

bluefs-bdev-expand --path osd path

Instruct BlueFS to check the size of its block devices and, if they have expanded, make use of the additional space. Please note that only the new files created by BlueFS will be allocated on the preferred block device if it has enough free space, and the existing files that have spilled over to the slow device will be gradually removed when RocksDB performs compaction. In other words, if there is any data spilled over to the slow device, it will be moved to the fast device over time.

bluefs-bdev-new-wal --path osd path --dev-target new-device

Adds WAL device to BlueFS, fails if WAL device already exists.

bluefs-bdev-new-db --path osd path --dev-target new-device

Adds DB device to BlueFS, fails if DB device already exists.

bluefs-bdev-migrate --dev-target new-device --devs-source device1 [--devs-source device2]

Moves BlueFS data from source device(s) to the target one, source devices (except the main one) are removed on success. Target device can be both already attached or new device. In the latter case it's added to OSD replacing one of the source devices. Following replacement rules apply (in the order of precedence, stop on the first match):

  • if source list has DB volume - target device replaces it.
  • if source list has WAL volume - target device replace it.
  • if source list has slow volume only - operation isn't permitted, requires explicit allocation via new-db/new-wal command.
show-label --dev device [...]

Show device label(s).

free-dump --path osd path [ --allocator block/bluefs-wal/bluefs-db/bluefs-slow ]

Dump all free regions in allocator.

free-score --path osd path [ --allocator block/bluefs-wal/bluefs-db/bluefs-slow ]

Give a [0-1] number that represents quality of fragmentation in allocator. 0 represents case when all free space is in one chunk. 1 represents worst possible fragmentation.

reshard --path osd path --sharding new sharding [ --resharding-ctrl control string ]

Changes sharding of BlueStore's RocksDB. Sharding is build on top of RocksDB column families. This option allows to test performance of new sharding without need to redeploy OSD. Resharding is usually a long process, which involves walking through entire RocksDB key space and moving some of them to different column families. Option --resharding-ctrl provides performance control over resharding process. Interrupted resharding will prevent OSD from running. Interrupted resharding does not corrupt data. It is always possible to continue previous resharding, or select any other sharding scheme, including reverting to original one.

show-sharding --path osd path

Show sharding that is currently applied to BlueStore's RocksDB.


--dev *device*

Add device to the list of devices to consider

-i *osd_id*

Operate as OSD osd_id. Connect to monitor for OSD specific options. If monitor is unavailable, add --no-mon-config to read from ceph.conf instead.

--devs-source *device*

Add device to the list of devices to consider as sources for migrate operation

--dev-target *device*

Specify target device migrate operation or device to add for adding new DB/WAL.

--path *osd path*

Specify an osd path.  In most cases, the device list is inferred from the symlinks present in osd path.  This is usually simpler than explicitly specifying the device(s) with --dev. Not necessary if -i osd_id is provided.

--out-dir *dir*

Output directory for bluefs-export

-l,  --log-file *log file*

file to log to

--log-level *num*

debug log level.  Default is 30 (extremely verbose), 20 is very verbose, 10 is verbose, and 1 is not very verbose.


deep scrub/repair (read and validate object data, not just metadata)

--allocator *name*

Useful for free-dump and free-score actions. Selects allocator(s).

--resharding-ctrl *control string*

Provides control over resharding process. Specifies how often refresh RocksDB iterator, and how large should commit batch be before committing to RocksDB. Option format is: <iterator_refresh_bytes>/<iterator_refresh_keys>/<batch_commit_bytes>/<batch_commit_keys> Default: 10000000/10000/1000000/1000

Additional ceph.conf Options

Any configuration option that is accepted by OSD can be also passed to ceph-bluestore-tool. Useful to provide necessary configuration options when access to monitor/ceph.conf is impossible and -i option cannot be used.

Device Labels

Every BlueStore block device has a single block label at the beginning of the device.  You can dump the contents of the label with:

ceph-bluestore-tool show-label --dev *device*

The main device will have a lot of metadata, including information that used to be stored in small files in the OSD data directory.  The auxiliary devices (db and wal) will only have the minimum required fields (OSD UUID, size, device type, birth time).

Osd Directory Priming

You can generate the content for an OSD data directory that can start up a BlueStore OSD with the prime-osd-dir command:

ceph-bluestore-tool prime-osd-dir --dev *main device* --path /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-*id*

Bluefs Log Rescue

Some versions of BlueStore were susceptible to BlueFS log growing extremely large - beyond the point of making booting OSD impossible. This state is indicated by booting that takes very long and fails in _replay function.

This can be fixed by::

ceph-bluestore-tool fsck --path osd path --bluefs_replay_recovery=true

It is advised to first check if rescue process would be successful::

ceph-bluestore-tool fsck --path osd path --bluefs_replay_recovery=true --bluefs_replay_recovery_disable_compact=true

If above fsck is successful fix procedure can be applied.


ceph-bluestore-tool is part of Ceph, a massively scalable, open-source, distributed storage system. Please refer to the Ceph documentation at https://docs.ceph.com for more information.

See Also



Mar 19, 2024 dev Ceph