cachestat man page

cachestat — Statistics for linux page cache hit/miss ratios. Uses Linux eBPF/bcc.

Synopsis

cachestat [-T] [interval [count]]

Description

This traces four kernel functions and prints per-second summaries. This can be useful for general workload characterization, and looking for patterns in operation usage over time.

This works by tracing kernel page cache functions using dynamic tracing, and will need updating to match any changes to these functions. Edit the script to customize which functions are traced.

Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.

Requirements

CONFIG_BPF and bcc.

Examples

Print summaries every five second:

# cachestat

Print summaries every five seconds with timestamp:

# cachestat -T

Print summaries each second:

# cachestat 1

Print output every five seconds, three times:

# cachestat 5 3

Print output with timestamp every five seconds, three times:

# cachestat -T 5 3

Fields

TIME

Timestamp.

HITS

Number of page cache hits.

MISSES

Number of page cache misses.

DIRTIES

Number of dirty pages added to the page cache.

READ_HIT%

Read hit percent of page cache usage.

WRITE_HIT%

Write hit percent of page cache usage.

BUFFERS_MB

Buffers size taken from /proc/meminfo.

CACHED_MB

Cached amount of data in current page cache taken from /proc/meminfo.

Overhead

This traces various kernel page cache functions and maintains in-kernel counts, which are asynchronously copied to user-space. While the rate of operations can be very high (>1G/sec) we can have up to 34% overhead, this is still a relatively efficient way to trace  these events, and so the overhead is expected to be small for normal workloads. Measure in a test environment.

Source

This is from bcc.

https://github.com/iovisor/bcc

Also look in the bcc distribution for a companion _examples.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.

OS

Linux

Stability

Unstable - in development.

Author

Allan McAleavy

See Also

https://github.com/brendangregg/perf-tools/blob/master/fs/cachestat

Referenced By

cachetop(8).

2016-01-30 USER COMMANDS