btrfs man page

btrfs — a toolbox to manage btrfs filesystems

Synopsis

btrfs <command> [<args>]

Description

The btrfs utility is a toolbox for managing btrfs filesystems. There are command groups to work with subvolumes, devices, for whole filesystem or other specific actions. See section Commands.

There are also standalone tools for some tasks like btrfs-convert or btrfstune that were separate historically and/or haven’t been merged to the main utility. See section Standalone Tools for more details.

For other topics (mount options, etc) please refer to the separate manual page btrfs(5).

Command Syntax

Any command name can be shortened so long as the shortened form is unambiguous, however, it is recommended to use full command names in scripts. All command groups have their manual page named btrfs-<group>.

For example: it is possible to run btrfs sub snaps instead of btrfs subvolume snapshot. But btrfs file s is not allowed, because file s may be interpreted both as filesystem show and as filesystem sync.

If the command name is ambiguous, the list of conflicting options is printed.

For an overview of a given command use btrfs command --help or btrfs [command...] --help --full to print all available options.

Commands

balance

Balance btrfs filesystem chunks across single or several devices.

See btrfs-balance(8) for details.

check

Do off-line check on a btrfs filesystem.

See btrfs-check(8) for details.

device

Manage devices managed by btrfs, including add/delete/scan and so on.

See btrfs-device(8) for details.

filesystem

Manage a btrfs filesystem, including label setting/sync and so on.

See btrfs-filesystem(8) for details.

inspect-internal

Debug tools for developers/hackers.

See btrfs-inspect-internal(8) for details.

property

Get/set a property from/to a btrfs object.

See btrfs-property(8) for details.

qgroup

Manage quota group(qgroup) for btrfs filesystem.

See btrfs-qgroup(8) for details.

quota

Manage quota on btrfs filesystem like enabling/rescan and etc.

See btrfs-quota(8) and btrfs-qgroup(8) for details.

receive

Receive subvolume data from stdin/file for restore and etc.

See btrfs-receive(8) for details.

replace

Replace btrfs devices.

See btrfs-replace(8) for details.

rescue

Try to rescue damaged btrfs filesystem.

See btrfs-rescue(8) for details.

restore

Try to restore files from a damaged btrfs filesystem.

See btrfs-restore(8) for details.

scrub

Scrub a btrfs filesystem.

See btrfs-scrub(8) for details.

send

Send subvolume data to stdout/file for backup and etc.

See btrfs-send(8) for details.

subvolume

Create/delete/list/manage btrfs subvolume.

See btrfs-subvolume(8) for details.

Standalone Tools

New functionality could be provided using a standalone tool. If the functionality proves to be useful, then the standalone tool is declared obsolete and its functionality is copied to the main tool. Obsolete tools are removed after a long (years) depreciation period.

Tools that are still in active use without an equivalent in btrfs:

btrfs-convert

in-place conversion from ext2/3/4 filesystems to btrfs

btrfstune

tweak some filesystem properties on a unmounted filesystem

btrfs-select-super

rescue tool to overwrite primary superblock from a spare copy

btrfs-find-root

rescue helper to find tree roots in a filesystem

Deprecated and obsolete tools:

btrfs-debug-tree

moved to btrfs inspect-internal dump-tree

btrfs-show-super

moved to btrfs inspect-internal dump-super

btrfs-zero-log

moved to btrfs rescue zero-log

Exit Status

btrfs returns a zero exit status if it succeeds. Non zero is returned in case of failure.

Availability

btrfs is part of btrfs-progs. Please refer to the btrfs wiki http://btrfs.wiki.kernel.org for further details.

See Also

btrfs-balance(8), btrfs-check(8), btrfs-convert(8), btrfs-device(8), btrfs-filesystem(8), btrfs-inspect-internal(8), btrfs-property(8), btrfs-qgroup(8), btrfs-quota(8), btrfs-receive(8), btrfs-replace(8), btrfs-rescue(8), btrfs-restore(8), btrfs-scrub(8), btrfs-send(8), btrfs-subvolume(8), btrfstune(8), mkfs.btrfs(8)

Referenced By

btrbk(1), btrbk.conf(5), btrfs(5), fsck.btrfs(8), guestfish(1), guestfs(3), mkfs.btrfs(8), mksubvolume(8), snapper(8), ssh_filter_btrbk(1), systemd-gpt-auto-generator(8), systemd-nspawn(1), virt-resize(1).

01/05/2018 Btrfs v4.14.1 Btrfs Manual