bpftool-link - Man Page

tool for inspection and simple manipulation of eBPF links

Synopsis

bpftool [Options] link COMMAND

OPTIONS := { { -j | --json } [{ -p | --pretty }] | { -d | --debug } |

{ -f | --bpffs } | { -n | --nomount } }

COMMANDS := { show | list | pin | help }

Description

bpftool link { show | list } [LINK]

Show information about active links. If LINK is specified show information only about given link, otherwise list all links currently active on the system.

Output will start with link ID followed by link type and zero or more named attributes, some of which depend on type of link.

Since Linux 5.8 bpftool is able to discover information about processes that hold open file descriptors (FDs) against BPF links. On such kernels bpftool will automatically emit this information as well.

bpftool link pin LINK FILE

Pin link LINK as FILE.

Note: FILE must be located in bpffs mount. It must not contain a dot character ('.'), which is reserved for future extensions of bpffs.

bpftool link detach LINK

Force-detach link LINK. BPF link and its underlying BPF program will stay valid, but they will be detached from the respective BPF hook and BPF link will transition into a defunct state until last open file descriptor for that link is closed.

bpftool link help

Print short help message.

Options

-h,  --help

Print short help message (similar to bpftool help).

-V,  --version

Print version number (similar to bpftool version), and optional features that were included when bpftool was compiled. Optional features include linking against libbfd to provide the disassembler for JIT-ted programs (bpftool prog dump jited) and usage of BPF skeletons (some features like bpftool prog profile or showing pids associated to BPF objects may rely on it).

-j,  --json

Generate JSON output. For commands that cannot produce JSON, this option has no effect.

-p,  --pretty

Generate human-readable JSON output. Implies -j.

-d,  --debug

Print all logs available, even debug-level information. This includes logs from libbpf as well as from the verifier, when attempting to load programs.

-f,  --bpffs

When showing BPF links, show file names of pinned links.

-n,  --nomount

Do not automatically attempt to mount any virtual file system (such as tracefs or BPF virtual file system) when necessary.

Examples

# bpftool link show

10: cgroup  prog 25
        cgroup_id 614  attach_type egress
        pids test_progs(223)

# bpftool --json --pretty link show

[{
        "type": "cgroup",
        "prog_id": 25,
        "cgroup_id": 614,
        "attach_type": "egress",
        "pids": [{
                "pid": 223,
                "comm": "test_progs"
            }
        ]
    }
]
# bpftool link pin id 10 /sys/fs/bpf/link
# ls -l /sys/fs/bpf/
-rw------- 1 root root 0 Apr 23 21:39 link

See Also

Referenced By

bpftool(8), bpftool-btf(8), bpftool-cgroup(8), bpftool-feature(8), bpftool-gen(8), bpftool-iter(8), bpftool-map(8), bpftool-net(8), bpftool-perf(8), bpftool-prog(8), bpftool-struct_ops(8).