bpftool-cgroup man page

bpftool-cgroup ā€” tool for inspection and simple manipulation of eBPF progs

Synopsis

bpftool [Options] cgroup COMMAND

Options := { { -j | --json } [{ -p | --pretty }] | { -f | --bpffs } }

COMMANDS := { show | list | tree | attach | detach | help }

Cgroup Commands

bpftool cgroup { show | list } CGROUP [effective]
bpftool cgroup tree [CGROUP_ROOT] [effective]
bpftool cgroup attach CGROUP ATTACH_TYPE PROG [ATTACH_FLAGS]
bpftool cgroup detach CGROUP ATTACH_TYPE PROG
bpftool cgroup help

PROG := { id PROG_ID | pinned FILE | tag PROG_TAG }
ATTACH_TYPE := { ingress | egress | sock_create | sock_ops | device |
bind4 | bind6 | post_bind4 | post_bind6 | connect4 | connect6 |
sendmsg4 | sendmsg6 | recvmsg4 | recvmsg6 | sysctl |
getsockopt | setsockopt }
ATTACH_FLAGS := { multi | override }

Description

bpftool cgroup { show | list } CGROUP [effective]

List all programs attached to the cgroup CGROUP.

Output will start with program ID followed by attach type, attach flags and program name.

If effective is specified retrieve effective programs that will execute for events within a cgroup. This includes inherited along with attached ones.

bpftool cgroup tree [CGROUP_ROOT] [effective]

Iterate over all cgroups in CGROUP_ROOT and list all attached programs. If CGROUP_ROOT is not specified, bpftool uses cgroup v2 mountpoint.

The output is similar to the output of cgroup show/list commands: it starts with absolute cgroup path, followed by program ID, attach type, attach flags and program name.

If effective is specified retrieve effective programs that will execute for events within a cgroup. This includes inherited along with attached ones.

bpftool cgroup attach CGROUP ATTACH_TYPE PROG [ATTACH_FLAGS]

Attach program PROG to the cgroup CGROUP with attach type ATTACH_TYPE and optional ATTACH_FLAGS.

ATTACH_FLAGS can be one of: override if a sub-cgroup installs some bpf program, the program in this cgroup yields to sub-cgroup program; multi if a sub-cgroup installs some bpf program, that cgroup program gets run in addition to the program in this cgroup.

Only one program is allowed to be attached to a cgroup with no attach flags or the override flag. Attaching another program will release old program and attach the new one.

Multiple programs are allowed to be attached to a cgroup with multi. They are executed in FIFO order (those that were attached first, run first).

Non-default ATTACH_FLAGS are supported by kernel version 4.14 and later.

ATTACH_TYPE can be on of: ingress ingress path of the inet socket (since 4.10); egress egress path of the inet socket (since 4.10); sock_create opening of an inet socket (since 4.10); sock_ops various socket operations (since 4.12); device device access (since 4.15); bind4 call to bind(2) for an inet4 socket (since 4.17); bind6 call to bind(2) for an inet6 socket (since 4.17); post_bind4 return from bind(2) for an inet4 socket (since 4.17); post_bind6 return from bind(2) for an inet6 socket (since 4.17); connect4 call to connect(2) for an inet4 socket (since 4.17); connect6 call to connect(2) for an inet6 socket (since 4.17); sendmsg4 call to sendto(2), sendmsg(2), sendmmsg(2) for an unconnected udp4 socket (since 4.18); sendmsg6 call to sendto(2), sendmsg(2), sendmmsg(2) for an unconnected udp6 socket (since 4.18); recvmsg4 call to recvfrom(2), recvmsg(2), recvmmsg(2) for an unconnected udp4 socket (since 5.2); recvmsg6 call to recvfrom(2), recvmsg(2), recvmmsg(2) for an unconnected udp6 socket (since 5.2); sysctl sysctl access (since 5.2); getsockopt call to getsockopt (since 5.3); setsockopt call to setsockopt (since 5.3).

bpftool cgroup detach CGROUP ATTACH_TYPE PROG

Detach PROG from the cgroup CGROUP and attach type ATTACH_TYPE.

bpftool prog help

Print short help message.

Options

-h, --help

Print short generic help message (similar to bpftool help).

-V, --version

Print version number (similar to bpftool version).

-j, --json

Generate JSON output. For commands that cannot produce JSON, this option has no effect.

-p, --pretty

Generate human-readable JSON output. Implies -j.

-f, --bpffs

Show file names of pinned programs.

-d, --debug

Print all logs available from libbpf, including debug-level information.

Examples

# mount -t bpf none /sys/fs/bpf/
# mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/test.slice
# bpftool prog load ./device_cgroup.o /sys/fs/bpf/prog
# bpftool cgroup attach /sys/fs/cgroup/test.slice/ device id 1 allow_multi

# bpftool cgroup list /sys/fs/cgroup/test.slice/

ID       AttachType      AttachFlags     Name
1        device          allow_multi     bpf_prog1
# bpftool cgroup detach /sys/fs/cgroup/test.slice/ device id 1
# bpftool cgroup list /sys/fs/cgroup/test.slice/
ID       AttachType      AttachFlags     Name

See Also

Referenced By

bpftool(8), bpftool-btf(8), bpftool-feature(8), bpftool-map(8), bpftool-net(8), bpftool-perf(8), bpftool-prog(8).