bcc-cpudist man page

cpudist ā€” On- and off-CPU task time as a histogram.

Synopsis

cpudist [-h] [-O] [-T] [-m] [-P] [-L] [-p PID] [interval] [count]

Description

This measures the time a task spends on the CPU before being descheduled, and shows the times as a histogram. Tasks that spend a very short time on the CPU can be indicative of excessive context-switches and poor workload distribution, and possibly point to a shared source of contention that keeps tasks switching in and out as it becomes available (such as a mutex).

Similarly, the tool can also measure the time a task spends off-CPU before it is scheduled again. This can be helpful in identifying long blocking and I/O operations, or alternatively very short descheduling times due to short-lived locks or timers.

This tool uses in-kernel eBPF maps for storing timestamps and the histogram, for efficiency. Despite this, the overhead of this tool may become significant for some workloads: see the Overhead section.

Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.

Requirements

CONFIG_BPF and bcc.

Options

-h

Print usage message.

-O

Measure off-CPU time instead of on-CPU time.

-T

Include timestamps on output.

-m

Output histogram in milliseconds.

-P

Print a histogram for each PID (tgid from the kernel's perspective).

-L

Print a histogram for each TID (pid from the kernel's perspective).

-p PID

Only show this PID (filtered in kernel for efficiency).

interval

Output interval, in seconds.

count

Number of outputs.

Examples

Summarize task on-CPU time as a histogram:

# cpudist

Summarize task off-CPU time as a histogram:

# cpudist -O

Print 1 second summaries, 10 times:

# cpudist 1 10

Print 1 second summaries, using milliseconds as units for the histogram, and include timestamps on output:

# cpudist -mT 1

Trace PID 186 only, 1 second summaries:

# cpudist -P 185 1

Fields

usecs

Microsecond range

msecs

Millisecond range

count

How many times a task event fell into this range

distribution

An ASCII bar chart to visualize the distribution (count column)

Overhead

This traces scheduler tracepoints, which can become very frequent. While eBPF has very low overhead, and this tool uses in-kernel maps for efficiency, the frequency of scheduler events for some workloads may be high enough that the overhead of this tool becomes significant. Measure in a lab environment to quantify the overhead before use.

Source

This is from bcc.

https://github.com/iovisor/bcc

Also look in the bcc distribution for a companion _example.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.

OS

Linux

Stability

Unstable - in development.

Author

Sasha Goldshtein

See Also

pidstat(1), runqlat(8)

Info

2016-06-28 USER COMMANDS