cachestat [-T] [interval [count]]
This traces four kernel functions and prints per-second summaries. This can be useful for general workload characterization, and looking for patterns in operation usage over time.
This works by tracing kernel page cache functions using dynamic tracing, and will need updating to match any changes to these functions. Edit the script to customize which functions are traced.
Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.
CONFIG_BPF and bcc.
- Print summaries every second:
- Print summaries every second with timestamp:
# cachestat -T
- Print output every five seconds, three times:
# cachestat 5 3
- Print output with timestamp every five seconds, three times:
# cachestat -T 5 3
Number of page cache hits.
Number of page cache misses.
Number of dirty pages added to the page cache.
The hit ratio as a percentage.
Read hit percent of page cache usage.
Write hit percent of page cache usage.
Buffers size taken from /proc/meminfo.
Cached amount of data in current page cache taken from /proc/meminfo.
This traces various kernel page cache functions and maintains in-kernel counts, which are asynchronously copied to user-space. While the rate of operations can be very high (>1G/sec) we can have up to 34% overhead, this is still a relatively efficient way to trace these events, and so the overhead is expected to be small for normal workloads. Measure in a test environment.
This is from bcc.
Also look in the bcc distribution for a companion _examples.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.
Unstable - in development.