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apcupsd - Man Page

a daemon for controlling most APC UPSes


apcupsd[-b] [-d level | --debug level] [-f file | --config-file file] [-P file | --pid-file file] [-p | --kill-on-powerfail | -t | --term-on-powerfail] [-R]
apcupsd[-h | --help]
apcupsd[-V | --version]


The apcupsd daemon controls the operation of most American Power Conversion Corp (APC) UPSes. During a power failure, apcupsd informs users about the loss of utility power and that a shutdown may occur. If utility power is not restored, a system shutdown will follow when the battery is exhausted, a specified timeout expires, a specified battery charge percentage is reached, or a specified battery runtime (based on internal UPS calculations and determined by power consumption rates) expires. If the utility power is restored before one of the these shutdown conditions is met, apcupsd will inform users of this and the shutdown will generally be cancelled. Refer to the Implementation Notes section below for situations in which the shutdown may not be cancelled.

The meaning of the command line options is as follows:


Run in the foreground, do not detach and become a daemon.

-d level --debug level

Set debugging output level where level is a number greater than zero.

-f file --config-file file

Load the specified configuration file. The default configuration file is /etc/apcupsd/apcupsd.conf. It must be changed when running more than one copy of apcupsd on the same computer to control multiple UPSes.

-k | --killpower | --hibernate

Power down the UPS in hibernate mode after a 10 second delay. This option is normally only used by apcupsd itself to power down the UPS after a system shutdown has almost completed. In hibernate mode, the UPS will again supply power to the system when the utility power returns.

-o | --power-off

Power down UPS completely. The UPS will not supply power to the system when the utility power returns.

-P file --pid-file file

Create the specified process ID file. The default is /var/run/apcupsd.pid. It must be changed when running more than one copy of apcupsd on the same computer to control multiple UPSes.

-p --kill-on-powerfail

apcupsd commands the UPS to power down in hibernate mode just before apcupsd starts the system shutdown. This relies on the grace shutdown delay of a Smart-UPS being long enough to allow the system to shutdown completely before the UPS shuts off the power to the system and goes into hibernate mode. This shutdown grace delay is a programmable value stored in a Smart-UPS EEPROM which can be changed using apctest(8). In hibernate mode, the UPS will again supply power to the system when the utility power returns. Refer to apcupsd.conf(5) for an alternative method using the KILLDELAY configuration directive and the only method available when using a Back-UPS or other UPS operating in simple signalling mode.

-t --term-on-powerfail

apcupsd exits immediately when it issues the system shutdown command. This behaviour is useful for those systems where it is not possible to insert apcupsd commands in a halt script to issue the killpower command. Without this option, apcupsd will wait for the SIGTERM signal from the system shutdown process before exiting.


Put a UPS which runs in smart signalling mode by default (eg a Smart-UPS) into simple signalling mode.

-v --version

Prints the apcupsd version number and the program help.

-h --help

Prints the program help.

The apcupsd daemon supports a networking mode called Network Information Server (NIS) -- not related to Sun's NIS/YP -- in which the daemon serves status and event information to clients over a network. See the "Running The Network Information Server" section of the apcupsd manual for more information and configuration details on this mode.

The apcupsd daemon also supports a Smart-UPS in SNMP mode provided an APC Web/SNMP or APC PowerNet SNMP card is installed in the UPS's SmartSlot. For more information and configuration details on this mode, refer to the "Support for SNMP UPSes" section of the apcupsd manual.

Implementation Notes

The shutdown is made by calls to the script /etc/apcupsd/apccontrol by the apcupsd daemon. Consequently, no changes to /etc/inittab are necessary on Linux as there is no communication between the daemon and the init(1) process. Installation of the daemon modifies the halt script so that at the end of the shutdown process, the daemon will be re-executed to power off the UPS in hibernate mode.

On some operating systems (eg FreeBSD) there is no halt script so apccontrol must be modified to cause the daemon to power off the UPS after a delay. Alternatives are to use the --kill-on-powerfail command on the apcupsd command line or refer to apcupsd.conf(5) for details of the KILLDELAY configuration directive.


It will almost certainly be necessary to customise the configuration information in the /etc/apcupsd/apcupsd.conf configuration file to suit your configuration and desired UPS behaviour.

For information on the configuration directives and the format of the configuration file, refer to apcupsd.conf(5).


apcupsd generates events when certain conditions occur. These events are sent to the system log and, optionally, to the temporary events file (/var/log/apcupsd.events). They also generate a call to the /etc/apcupsd/apccontrol script which in turn will call any custom scripts placed in the /etc/apcupsd directory which may override apccontrol's default behaviour. For details of the events and customising apccontrol's behaviour, refer to apccontrol(8).

Data File Format

If the DATATIME configuration directive is set to non-zero, apcupsd will log a data record at the interval defined by the DATATIME directive. This data record is in a format similar to the APC PowerChute software data file format.

Status Report Format

The status report output format is simple ASCII. Generally there is a single piece of information on each line of output. The content varies based on the model of UPS being used and, in some cases, the firmware version. This status report is also optionally written the the /etc/apcupsd/apcupsd.status file. Refer to apcaccess(8) for full details of the status report output.


/etc/apcupsd/apcupsd.conf default configuration file

/var/run/apcupsd.pid default process ID file

/var/log/apcupsd.status optional status file

/var/log/apcupsd.events default events file

See Also

apcupsd.conf(5), apcaccess(8), apccontrol(8), apctest(8).

The HTML apcupsd manual installed on your system or available online at http://www.apcupsd.org/


This page

Trevor Roydhouse (current)
Andre M. Hedrick
Christopher J. Reimer


Adam Kropelin (current Project Manager and Code Maintainer)
Kern Sibbald (former Project Manager and Code Maintainer)
Riccardo Facchetti (former Project Manager and Code Maintainer)
Andre M. Hedrick (Project Founder and former Code Maintainer)


An enormous number of users who have devoted their time and energy to this project -- thanks.

Referenced By

apcaccess(8), apccontrol(8), apctest(8), apcupsd.conf(5), apcupsd_selinux(8).

January 10, 2009