weston-rdp - Man Page

the RDP backend for Weston


weston --backend=rdp


The RDP backend allows to run a weston environment without the need of specific graphic hardware, or input devices. Users can interact with weston only by connecting using the RDP protocol.

The RDP backend uses FreeRDP to implement the RDP part, it acts as a RDP server listening for incoming connections. It supports different codecs for encoding the graphical content. Depending on what is supported by the RDP client, the backend will encode images using remoteFx codec, NS codec or will fallback to raw bitmapUpdate.

On the security part, the backend supports RDP security or TLS, keys and certificates must be provided to the backend depending on which kind of security is requested. The RDP backend will announce security options based on which files have been given.

The RDP backend is multi-seat aware, so if two clients connect on the backend, they will get their own seat.


The RDP backend uses the following entries from weston.ini.

Section rdp


Specifies the desktop redraw rate in Hz. If unspecified, the default is 60Hz. Changing this may be useful if you have a faster than 60Hz display, or if you want to reduce updates to reduce network traffic.


When the RDP backend is loaded, weston will understand the following additional command line options.


The IP address on which the RDP backend will listen for RDP connections. By default it listens on


The TCP port to listen on for connections, it defaults to 3389.


By default when a client connects on the RDP backend, it will instruct weston to resize to the dimensions of the client's announced resolution. When this option is set, weston will force the client to resize to its own resolution.


The RemoteFX compression codec is enabled by default, but it may be necessary to disable it to work around incompatabilities between implementations. This option may be removed in the future when all known issues are resolved.


The file containing the RSA key for doing RDP security. As RDP security is known to be insecure, this option should be avoided in production.


The file containing the key for doing TLS security. To have TLS security you also need to ship a file containing a certificate.


The file containing the certificate for doing TLS security. To have TLS security you also need to ship a key file.


Specifies a file descriptor inherited from the process that launched weston to be listened on for client connections. Only local (such as AF_VSOCK) sockets should be used, as this will be considered to be a local connection by the RDP backend, and TLS and RDP security will be bypassed.

Generating cryptographic material for the RDP backend

To generate a key file to use for RDP security, you need the winpr-makecert utility shipped with FreeRDP:

$ winpr-makecert -rdp -silent -n rdp-security

This will create a rdp-security.key file.

You can generate a key and certificate file to use with TLS security using a typical openssl invocations:

$ openssl genrsa -out tls.key 2048
Generating RSA private key, 2048 bit long modulus
$ openssl req -new -key tls.key -out tls.csr
$ openssl x509 -req -days 365 -signkey tls.key -in tls.csr -out tls.crt

You will get the tls.key and tls.crt files to use with the RDP backend.

See Also


Referenced By


2017-12-14 Weston 12.0.2