provider-kem.7ossl - Man Page

The kem library <-> provider functions

Synopsis

 #include <openssl/core_dispatch.h>
 #include <openssl/core_names.h>

 /*
  * None of these are actual functions, but are displayed like this for
  * the function signatures for functions that are offered as function
  * pointers in OSSL_DISPATCH arrays.
  */

 /* Context management */
 void *OSSL_FUNC_kem_newctx(void *provctx);
 void OSSL_FUNC_kem_freectx(void *ctx);
 void *OSSL_FUNC_kem_dupctx(void *ctx);

 /* Encapsulation */
 int OSSL_FUNC_kem_encapsulate_init(void *ctx, void *provkey,
                                    const OSSL_PARAM params[]);
 int OSSL_FUNC_kem_auth_encapsulate_init(void *ctx, void *provkey,
                                         void *provauthkey,
                                         const OSSL_PARAM params[]);
 int OSSL_FUNC_kem_encapsulate(void *ctx, unsigned char *out, size_t *outlen,
                               unsigned char *secret, size_t *secretlen);

 /* Decapsulation */
 int OSSL_FUNC_kem_decapsulate_init(void *ctx, void *provkey);
 int OSSL_FUNC_kem_auth_decapsulate_init(void *ctx, void *provkey,
                                         void *provauthkey,
                                         const OSSL_PARAM params[]);
 int OSSL_FUNC_kem_decapsulate(void *ctx, unsigned char *out, size_t *outlen,
                               const unsigned char *in, size_t inlen);

 /* KEM parameters */
 int OSSL_FUNC_kem_get_ctx_params(void *ctx, OSSL_PARAM params[]);
 const OSSL_PARAM *OSSL_FUNC_kem_gettable_ctx_params(void *ctx, void *provctx);
 int OSSL_FUNC_kem_set_ctx_params(void *ctx, const OSSL_PARAM params[]);
 const OSSL_PARAM *OSSL_FUNC_kem_settable_ctx_params(void *ctx, void *provctx);

Description

This documentation is primarily aimed at provider authors. See provider(7) for further information.

The asymmetric kem (OSSL_OP_KEM) operation enables providers to implement asymmetric kem algorithms and make them available to applications via the API functions EVP_PKEY_encapsulate(3), EVP_PKEY_decapsulate(3) and other related functions.

All "functions" mentioned here are passed as function pointers between libcrypto and the provider in OSSL_DISPATCH(3) arrays via OSSL_ALGORITHM(3) arrays that are returned by the provider's provider_query_operation() function (see "Provider Functions" in provider-base(7)).

All these "functions" have a corresponding function type definition named OSSL_FUNC_{name}_fn, and a helper function to retrieve the function pointer from an OSSL_DISPATCH(3) element named OSSL_FUNC_{name}. For example, the "function" OSSL_FUNC_kem_newctx() has these:

 typedef void *(OSSL_FUNC_kem_newctx_fn)(void *provctx);
 static ossl_inline OSSL_FUNC_kem_newctx_fn
     OSSL_FUNC_kem_newctx(const OSSL_DISPATCH *opf);

OSSL_DISPATCH(3) arrays are indexed by numbers that are provided as macros in openssl-core_dispatch.h(7), as follows:

 OSSL_FUNC_kem_newctx                OSSL_FUNC_KEM_NEWCTX
 OSSL_FUNC_kem_freectx               OSSL_FUNC_KEM_FREECTX
 OSSL_FUNC_kem_dupctx                OSSL_FUNC_KEM_DUPCTX

 OSSL_FUNC_kem_encapsulate_init      OSSL_FUNC_KEM_ENCAPSULATE_INIT
 OSSL_FUNC_kem_auth_encapsulate_init OSSL_FUNC_KEM_AUTH_ENCAPSULATE_INIT
 OSSL_FUNC_kem_encapsulate           OSSL_FUNC_KEM_ENCAPSULATE

 OSSL_FUNC_kem_decapsulate_init      OSSL_FUNC_KEM_DECAPSULATE_INIT
 OSSL_FUNC_kem_auth_decapsulate_init OSSL_FUNC_KEM_AUTH_DECAPSULATE_INIT
 OSSL_FUNC_kem_decapsulate           OSSL_FUNC_KEM_DECAPSULATE

 OSSL_FUNC_kem_get_ctx_params        OSSL_FUNC_KEM_GET_CTX_PARAMS
 OSSL_FUNC_kem_gettable_ctx_params   OSSL_FUNC_KEM_GETTABLE_CTX_PARAMS
 OSSL_FUNC_kem_set_ctx_params        OSSL_FUNC_KEM_SET_CTX_PARAMS
 OSSL_FUNC_kem_settable_ctx_params   OSSL_FUNC_KEM_SETTABLE_CTX_PARAMS

An asymmetric kem algorithm implementation may not implement all of these functions. In order to be a consistent set of functions a provider must implement OSSL_FUNC_kem_newctx and OSSL_FUNC_kem_freectx. It must also implement both of OSSL_FUNC_kem_encapsulate_init and OSSL_FUNC_kem_encapsulate, or both of OSSL_FUNC_kem_decapsulate_init and OSSL_FUNC_kem_decapsulate. OSSL_FUNC_kem_auth_encapsulate_init is optional but if it is present then so must OSSL_FUNC_kem_auth_decapsulate_init. OSSL_FUNC_kem_get_ctx_params is optional but if it is present then so must OSSL_FUNC_kem_gettable_ctx_params. Similarly, OSSL_FUNC_kem_set_ctx_params is optional but if it is present then OSSL_FUNC_kem_settable_ctx_params must also be present.

An asymmetric kem algorithm must also implement some mechanism for generating, loading or importing keys via the key management (OSSL_OP_KEYMGMT) operation. See provider-keymgmt(7) for further details.

Context Management Functions

OSSL_FUNC_kem_newctx() should create and return a pointer to a provider side structure for holding context information during an asymmetric kem operation. A pointer to this context will be passed back in a number of the other asymmetric kem operation function calls. The parameter provctx is the provider context generated during provider initialisation (see provider(7)).

OSSL_FUNC_kem_freectx() is passed a pointer to the provider side asymmetric kem context in the ctx parameter. This function should free any resources associated with that context.

OSSL_FUNC_kem_dupctx() should duplicate the provider side asymmetric kem context in the ctx parameter and return the duplicate copy.

Asymmetric Key Encapsulation Functions

OSSL_FUNC_kem_encapsulate_init() initialises a context for an asymmetric encapsulation given a provider side asymmetric kem context in the ctx parameter, a pointer to a provider key object in the provkey parameter and the name of the algorithm. The params, if not NULL, should be set on the context in a manner similar to using OSSL_FUNC_kem_set_ctx_params(). The key object should have been previously generated, loaded or imported into the provider using the key management (OSSL_OP_KEYMGMT) operation (see provider-keymgmt(7)>.

OSSL_FUNC_kem_auth_encapsulate_init() is similar to OSSL_FUNC_kem_encapsulate_init(), but also passes an additional authentication key provauthkey which cannot be NULL.

OSSL_FUNC_kem_encapsulate() performs the actual encapsulation itself. A previously initialised asymmetric kem context is passed in the ctx parameter. Unless out is NULL, the data to be encapsulated is internally generated, and returned into the buffer pointed to by the secret parameter and the encapsulated data should also be written to the location pointed to by the out parameter. The length of the encapsulated data should be written to *outlen and the length of the generated secret should be written to *secretlen.

If out is NULL then the maximum length of the encapsulated data should be written to *outlen, and the maximum length of the generated secret should be written to *secretlen.

Decapsulation Functions

OSSL_FUNC_kem_decapsulate_init() initialises a context for an asymmetric decapsulation given a provider side asymmetric kem context in the ctx parameter, a pointer to a provider key object in the provkey parameter, and a name of the algorithm. The key object should have been previously generated, loaded or imported into the provider using the key management (OSSL_OP_KEYMGMT) operation (see provider-keymgmt(7)>.

OSSL_FUNC_kem_auth_decapsulate_init() is similar to OSSL_FUNC_kem_decapsulate_init(), but also passes an additional authentication key provauthkey which cannot be NULL.

OSSL_FUNC_kem_decapsulate() performs the actual decapsulation itself. A previously initialised asymmetric kem context is passed in the ctx parameter. The data to be decapsulated is pointed to by the in parameter which is inlen bytes long. Unless out is NULL, the decapsulated data should be written to the location pointed to by the out parameter. The length of the decapsulated data should be written to *outlen. If out is NULL then the maximum length of the decapsulated data should be written to *outlen.

Asymmetric Key Encapsulation Parameters

See OSSL_PARAM(3) for further details on the parameters structure used by the OSSL_FUNC_kem_get_ctx_params() and OSSL_FUNC_kem_set_ctx_params() functions.

OSSL_FUNC_kem_get_ctx_params() gets asymmetric kem parameters associated with the given provider side asymmetric kem context ctx and stores them in params. Passing NULL for params should return true.

OSSL_FUNC_kem_set_ctx_params() sets the asymmetric kem parameters associated with the given provider side asymmetric kem context ctx to params. Any parameter settings are additional to any that were previously set. Passing NULL for params should return true.

No parameters are currently recognised by built-in asymmetric kem algorithms.

OSSL_FUNC_kem_gettable_ctx_params() and OSSL_FUNC_kem_settable_ctx_params() get a constant OSSL_PARAM(3) array that describes the gettable and settable parameters, i.e. parameters that can be used with OSSL_FUNC_kem_get_ctx_params() and OSSL_FUNC_kem_set_ctx_params() respectively.

Return Values

OSSL_FUNC_kem_newctx() and OSSL_FUNC_kem_dupctx() should return the newly created provider side asymmetric kem context, or NULL on failure.

All other functions should return 1 for success or 0 on error.

See Also

provider(7)

History

The provider KEM interface was introduced in OpenSSL 3.0.

OSSL_FUNC_kem_auth_encapsulate_init() and OSSL_FUNC_kem_auth_decapsulate_init() were added in OpenSSL 3.2.

Referenced By

provider.7ossl(7), provider-base.7ossl(7).

2024-04-04 3.2.1 OpenSSL