libpmemkv - Man Page

Key/Value Datastore for Persistent Memory

Description

pmemkv is a key-value datastore framework optimized for persistent memory. It provides native C API and C++ headers. Support for other languages is described in the Bindings section below.

It has multiple storage engines, each optimized for a different use case. They differ in implementation and capabilities:

Persistent engines usually use libpmemobj++ and PMDK to access NVDIMMs. They can work with files on DAX filesystem (fsdax) or DAX device.

Engines

Engine NameDescriptionPersistentConcurrentSorted
cmapConcurrent hash mapYesYesNo
vcmapVolatile concurrent hash mapNoYesNo
vsmapVolatile sorted hash mapNoNoYes
blackholeAccepts everything, returns nothingNoYesNo

The most mature and recommended engine to use for persistent use-cases is cmap. It provides good performance results and stability.

Each engine can be manually turned on and off at build time, using CMake options. All engines listed here are enabled and ready to use.

To configure an engine, pmemkv_config is used (libpmemkv_config(3)). Below is a list of engines along with config parameters they expect. Each parameter has corresponding function (pmemkv_config_put_path, pmemkv_config_put_comparator, etc.), which guarantees type safety. For example to insert path parameter to the config, user should call pmemkv_config_put_path(). For some use cases, like creating config from parsed input, it may be more convinient to insert parameters by its type instead of name. Each paramter has a certain type and may be inserted to a config using appropriate function (pmemkv_config_put_string, pmemkv_config_put_int64, etc.). For example, to insert a parameter of type string, pmemkv_config_put_string function may be used. Those two ways of inserting parameters into config may be used interchangeably.

For description of pmemkv core API see libpmemkv(3).

cmap

A persistent concurrent engine, backed by a hashmap that allows calling get, put, and remove concurrently from multiple threads and ensures good scalability. Rest of the methods (e.g. range query methods) are not thread-safe and should not be called from more than one thread. Data stored using this engine is persistent and guaranteed to be consistent in case of any kind of interruption (crash / power loss / etc).

Internally this engine uses persistent concurrent hashmap and persistent string from libpmemobj-cpp library (for details see <https://github.com/pmem/libpmemobj-cpp>). Persistent string is used as a type of a key and a value. Engine’s functions should not be called within libpmemobj transactions (improper call by user will result thrown exception).

This engine requires the following config parameters (see libpmemkv_config(3) for details how to set them):

  • path – Path to a database file or to a poolset file (see poolset(5) for details). Note that when using poolset file, size should be 0

    • type: string
  • force_create – If 0, pmemkv opens file specified by `path', otherwise it creates it.

    • type: uint64_t
    • default value: 0
  • size – Only needed when force_create is not 0, specifies size of the database [in bytes].

    • type: uint64_t
    • min value: 8388608 (8MB)
  • oid – Pointer to oid (for details see libpmemobj(7)) which points to engine data. If oid is null, engine will allocate new data, otherwise it will use existing one.

    • type: object

The following table shows three possible combinations of parameters (where `-' means `cannot be set'):

#pathforce_createsizeoid
1set0--
2set1set-
3---set

A database file or a poolset file can also be created using pmempool utility (see pmempool-create(1)). When using pmempool create, “pmemkv” should be passed as layout for cmap engine and “pmemkv_<engine-name>” for other engines (e.g. “pmemkv_stree” for stree engine). Only PMEMOBJ pools are supported.

vcmap

A volatile concurrent engine, backed by memkind. Data written using this engine is lost after database is closed.

This engine is built on top of tbb::concurrent_hash_map data structure and uses PMEM C++ allocator to allocate memory. std::basic_string is used as a type of a key and a value. Memkind and TBB packages are required.

This engine requires the following config parameters (see libpmemkv_config(3) for details how to set them):

  • path – Path to an existing directory

    • type: string
  • size – Specifies size of the database [in bytes]

    • type: uint64_t
    • min value: 8388608 (8MB)

vsmap

A volatile single-threaded sorted engine, backed by memkind. Data written using this engine is lost after database is closed.

This engine is built on top of std::map and uses PMEM C++ allocator to allocate memory. std::basic_string is used as a type of a key and a value. Memkind package is required.

This engine requires the following config parameters (see libpmemkv_config(3) for details how to set them):

  • path – Path to an existing directory

    • type: string
  • size – Specifies size of the database [in bytes]

    • type: uint64_t
    • min value: 8388608 (8MB)
  • comparator – (optional) Specified comparator used by the engine

    • type: object

blackhole

A volatile engine that accepts an unlimited amount of data, but never returns anything. Internally, blackhole does not use a persistent pool or any durable structure. The intended use of this engine is to profile and tune high-level bindings, and similar cases when persistence should be intentionally skipped. No additional packages are required. No supported configuration parameters.

Experimental engines

There are also more engines in various states of development, for details see <https://github.com/pmem/pmemkv/blob/master/doc/ENGINES-experimental.md>. Some of them (radix, tree3, stree and csmap) requires the config parameters like cmap and similarly to cmap should not be used within libpmemobj transaction(s).

Bindings

Bindings for other languages are available on GitHub. Currently they support only subset of native API.

Existing bindings:

See Also

libpmemkv(3), libpmemkv_config(3), libpmemkv_iterator(3), pmempool(1), libpmemobj(7) and <https://pmem.io>

Referenced By

libpmemkv(3), libpmemkv_config(3), libpmemkv_iterator(3), libpmemkv_json_config(3), libpmemkv_tx(3).

2021-02-19 PMEMKV - pmemkv version 1.4 PMEMKV Programmer's Manual