irda man page

irda — The Linux-IrDA protocol stack

Synopsis

#include <linux/irda.h>

stream_s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
seqpkt_s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_SEQPACKET, 0);
dgram_s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IRDAPROTO_UNITDATA);
ultra_s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IRDAPROTO_ULTRA);

Description

Linux-IrDA is a complete implementation of the various IrDA protocols and IrDA drivers for Linux.

The configuration of the low level of the IrDA stack (IrDA ports) and the various IrDA drivers are described in irattach(8).

The usage of the higher layers of the IrDA stack (IrCOMM, IrLPT, IrNET, IrLAN, OBEX...) are described in their respective man pages.

The core of the Linux-IrDA protocol stack is composed of the IrLAP, IrLMP, IrTTP and IrIAS protocols and is implemented as a kernel module. The programmer's interface for the IrDA stack is socket based. For more information on sockets, see socket(7).

Note that higher level IrDA protocols may offer a different programmer's interface. For example IrCOMM offers a TTY based interface and OBEX is available through a user space library.

Sockets Type

The Linux-IrDA socket interface offers 4 types of sockets:

Stream socket - SOCK_STREAM, 0
Stream sockets provides a reliable, stream oriented, full duplex connection between two sockets on top of IrTTP, similar to TCP sockets. IrTTP guarantees that the data arrives in order and manages flow control, IrLAP retransmits lost packets.
Stream sockets does not preserve record boundaries.
SeqPacket socket - SOCK_SEQPACKET, 0
SeqPacket sockets provides a reliable, datagram oriented, full duplex connection between two sockets on top of IrTTP. IrTTP guarantees that the data arrives in order and manages flow control, IrLAP retransmits lost packets.
SeqPacket sockets preserve record boundaries. Large datagrams will be fragmented as needed.
Datagram socket - SOCK_DGRAM, IRDAPROTO_UNITDATA
SeqPacket sockets provides a reliable, datagram oriented, full duplex connection between two sockets on top of IrLMP. There is no guarantee that the data arrives in order and there is no flow control, however IrLAP retransmits lost packets.
Datagram sockets preserve record boundaries. No fragmentation is provided, datagrams larger than the IrDA link MTU are truncated or discarded.
Ultra socket - SOCK_DGRAM, IRDAPROTO_ULTRA
Ultra sockets provides a connectionless, unreliable datagram packet service on top of IrLAP-Ultra. Ultra datagrams are sent and received only when no IrLAP connection is established and otherwise discarded. They are always transmitted at 9600 bauds. Datagrams may be lost or reordered, and there is no flow control.
Ultra sockets preserve record boundaries. No fragmentation is provided, datagrams larger than the Ultra MTU (382 bytes) are truncated or discarded.

Address Format

An IrDA socket address is defined as a combination of an IrDA interface address and a service name. Service names are automatically resolved to lsap through the IrIAP protocol.

struct sockaddr_irda {
    sa_family_t sir_family;   /* AF_IRDA */
    __u8        sir_lsap_sel; /* LSAP selector */
    __u32       sir_addr;     /* Device address */
    char        sir_name[25]; /* Usually <service>:IrDA:TinyTP */
};

sin_family is always set to AF_IRDA. sir_lsap_sel is usually not used. sir_addr is the optional address of the peer (if no given the first peer discovered will be used). sir_name is the service name of the socket.

Socket Options

IrDA sockets supports some protocol specific socket options that can be set with setsockopt(2) and read with getsockopt(2). The socket option level for IrDA is SOL_IRLMP.

Options that can be set:

IRLMP_IAS_SET
Set an entry in the local IAS database.
IRLMP_IAS_DEL
Delete an entry from the local IAS database.
IRLMP_MAX_SDU_SIZE
Set maximum receive MTU for SeqPacket sockets.
IRLMP_HINTS_SET
Set IrDA hint bits to be advertised to peers.
IRLMP_HINT_MASK_SET
Set IrDA hint bits filter to be used when performing discovery.

Options that can be get:

IRLMP_ENUMDEVICES
Perform link level discovery and return the content of the discovery log.
IRLMP_MAX_SDU_SIZE
Get maximum receive MTU.
IRLMP_IAS_GET
Get an entry from the local IAS database.
IRLMP_IAS_QUERY
Query an entry in IAS database of a peer using IrIAP.
IRLMP_WAITDEVICE
Block until a new device is discovered. Experimental feature, use with caution.

Author

Jean Tourrilhes - jt@hpl.hp.com

See Also

irattach(8), irdadump(8), irnet(4), irnetd(8).

Referenced By

irnet(4), irnetd(8).

2 May 2003 irda-utils Linux-IrDA man pages