fi_verbs man page

fi_verbs ā€” The Verbs Fabric Provider

Overview

The verbs provider enables applications using OFI to be run over any verbs hardware (Infiniband, iWarp, etc). It uses the Linux Verbs API for network transport and provides a translation of OFI calls to appropriate verbs API calls. It uses librdmacm for communication management and libibverbs for other control and data transfer operations.

Requirements

To successfully build and install verbs provider as part of libfabric, it needs the following packages: * libibverbs * libibverbs-devel * librdmacm * librdmacm-devel

You may also want to look into any OS specific instructions for enabling RDMA. e.g. RHEL has instructions on their documentation for enabling RDMA.

The IPoIB interface should be configured with a valid IP address. This is a requirement from librdmacm.

Supported Features

The verbs provider supports a subset of OFI features.

Endpoint types

FI_EP_MSG, FI_EP_DGRAM (beta), FI_EP_RDM.

FI_EP_RDM is supported via OFI RxM and RxD utility providers which are layered on top of verbs. To the app, the provider name string would appear as "verbs;ofi_rxm" or "verbs;ofi_rxd". Please refer the man pages for RxM (fi_rxm.7) and RxD (fi_rxd.7) to know about the capabilities and limitations for the FI_EP_RDM endpoint.

Endpoint capabilities and features

MSG endpoints

FI_MSG, FI_RMA, FI_ATOMIC and shared receive contexts.

DGRAM endpoints

FI_MSG

Modes

Verbs provider requires applications to support the following modes:

FI_EP_MSG endpoint type

  • FI_LOCAL_MR / FI_MR_LOCAL mr mode.
  • FI_RX_CQ_DATA for applications that want to use RMA. Applications must take responsibility of posting receives for any incoming CQ data.

Addressing Formats

Supported addressing formats include * MSG and RDM (internal - deprecated) EPs support: FI_SOCKADDR, FI_SOCKADDR_IN, FI_SOCKADDR_IN6, FI_SOCKADDR_IB * DGRAM supports: FI_ADDR_IB_UD

Progress

Verbs provider supports FI_PROGRESS_AUTO: Asynchronous operations make forward progress automatically.

Operation flags

Verbs provider supports FI_INJECT, FI_COMPLETION, FI_REMOTE_CQ_DATA, FI_TRANSMIT_COMPLETE.

Msg Ordering

Verbs provider support the following message ordering:

  • Read after Read
  • Read after Write
  • Read after Send
  • Write after Write
  • Write after Send
  • Send after Write
  • Send after Send

and the following completion ordering:

  • TX contexts: FI_ORDER_STRICT
  • RX contexts: FI_ORDER_DATA

Fork

Verbs provider does not provide fork safety by default. Fork safety can be requested by setting IBV_FORK_SAFE, or RDMAV_FORK_SAFE. If the system configuration supports the use of huge pages, it is recommended to set RDMAV_HUGEPAGES_SAFE. See ibv_fork_init(3) for additional details.

Memory Registration Cache

The verbs provider uses the common memory registration cache functionality that's part of libfabric utility code. This speeds up memory registration calls from applications by caching registrations of frequently used memory regions. Please refer to fi_mr(3): Memory Registration Cache section for more details.

Limitations

Memory Regions

Only FI_MR_BASIC mode is supported. Adding regions via s/g list is supported only up to a s/g list size of 1. No support for binding memory regions to a counter.

Wait objects

Only FI_WAIT_FD wait object is supported only for FI_EP_MSG endpoint type. Wait sets are not supported.

Resource Management

Application has to make sure CQs are not overrun as this cannot be detected by the provider.

Unsupported Features

The following features are not supported in verbs provider:

Unsupported Capabilities

FI_NAMED_RX_CTX, FI_DIRECTED_RECV, FI_TRIGGER, FI_RMA_EVENT

Other unsupported features

Scalable endpoints, FABRIC_DIRECT

Unsupported features specific to MSG endpoints

  • Counters, FI_SOURCE, FI_TAGGED, FI_PEEK, FI_CLAIM, fi_cancel, fi_ep_alias, shared TX context, cq_readfrom operations.
  • Completion flags are not reported if a request posted to an endpoint completes in error.

Fork

The support for fork in the provider has the following limitations:

  • Fabric resources like endpoint, CQ, EQ, etc. should not be used in the forked process.
  • The memory registered using fi_mr_reg has to be page aligned since ibv_reg_mr marks the entire page that a memory region belongs to as not to be re-mapped when the process is forked (MADV_DONTFORK).

XRC Transport

The XRC transport is intended to be used when layered with the RXM provider and requires the use of shared receive contexts. See fi_rxm(7).

Runtime Parameters

The verbs provider checks for the following environment variables.

Common variables

FI_VERBS_TX_SIZE

Default maximum tx context size (default: 384)

FI_VERBS_RX_SIZE

Default maximum rx context size (default: 384)

FI_VERBS_TX_IOV_LIMIT

Default maximum tx iov_limit (default: 4). Note: RDM (internal - deprecated) EP type supports only 1

FI_VERBS_RX_IOV_LIMIT

Default maximum rx iov_limit (default: 4). Note: RDM (internal - deprecated) EP type supports only 1

FI_VERBS_INLINE_SIZE

Default maximum inline size. Actual inject size returned in fi_info may be greater (default: 64)

FI_VERBS_MIN_RNR_TIMER

Set min_rnr_timer QP attribute (0 - 31) (default: 12)

FI_VERBS_USE_ODP

Enable On-Demand-Paging (ODP) experimental feature. The feature is supported only on Mellanox OFED (default: 0)

FI_VERBS_CQREAD_BUNCH_SIZE

The number of entries to be read from the verbs completion queue at a time (default: 8).

FI_VERBS_IFACE

The prefix or the full name of the network interface associated with the verbs device (default: ib)

FI_VERBS_PREFER_XRC

Prioritize XRC transport fi_info before RC transport fi_info (default: 0, RC fi_info will be before XRC fi_info)

Variables specific to DGRAM endpoints

FI_VERBS_DGRAM_USE_NAME_SERVER

The option that enables/disables OFI Name Server thread. The NS thread is used to resolve IP-addresses to provider specific addresses (default: 1, if "OMPI_COMM_WORLD_RANK" and "PMI_RANK" environment variables aren't defined)

FI_VERBS_NAME_SERVER_PORT

The port on which Name Server thread listens incoming connections and requests (default: 5678)

FI_VERBS_GID_IDX

The GID index to use (default: 0)

Environment variables notes

The fi_info utility would give the up-to-date information on environment variables: fi_info -p verbs -e

Troubleshooting / Known issues

fi_getinfo returns -FI_ENODATA

  • Set FI_LOG_LEVEL=info or FI_LOG_LEVEL=debug (if debug build of libfabric is available) and check if there any errors because of incorrect input parameters to fi_getinfo.
  • Check if "fi_info -p verbs" is successful. If that fails the following chkecklist may help in ensuring that the RDMA verbs stack is functional:
  • If libfabric was compiled, check if verbs provider was built. Building verbs provider would be skipped if its dependencies (listed in requirements) aren't available on the system.
  • Verify verbs device is functional:

    • Does ibv_rc_pingpong (available in libibverbs) test work?
    • Does ibv_devinfo (available in libibverbs) show the device with PORT_ACTIVE status?

      • Check if Subnet Manager (SM) is running on the switch or on one of the nodes in the cluster.
      • Is the cable connected?
  • Verify librdmacm is functional:

    • Does ucmatose test (available in librdmacm) work?
    • Is the IPoIB interface (e.g. ib0) up and configured with a valid IP address?

Other issues

When running an app over verbs provider with Valgrind, there may be reports of memory leak in functions from dependent libraries (e.g. libibverbs, librdmacm). These leaks are safe to ignore.

The provider protects CQ overruns that may happen because more TX operations were posted to endpoints than CQ size. On the receive side, it isn't expected to overrun the CQ. In case it happens the application developer should take care not to post excess receives without draining the CQ. CQ overruns can make the MSG endpoints unusable.

See Also

fabric(7), fi_provider(7),

Authors

OpenFabrics.

Referenced By

fi_provider(7), librpmem(7).

2019-06-21 Libfabric Programmer's Manual Libfabric v1.8.0