fi_rxm man page

fi_rxm ā€” The RxM (RDM over MSG) Utility Provider

Overview

The RxM provider (ofi_rxm) is an utility provider that supports FI_EP_RDM type endpoint emulated over FI_EP_MSG type endpoint(s) of an underlying core provider. FI_EP_RDM endpoints have a reliable datagram interface and RxM emulates this by hiding the connection management of underlying FI_EP_MSG endpoints from the user. Additionally, RxM can hide memory registration requirement from a core provider like verbs if the apps don't support it.

Requirements

Requirements for core provider

RxM provider requires the core provider to support the following features:

  • MSG endpoints (FI_EP_MSG)
  • RMA read/write (FI_RMA) - Used for implementing rendezvous protocol for large messages.
  • FI_OPT_CM_DATA_SIZE of at least 24 bytes.

Requirements for applications

Since RxM emulates RDM endpoints by hiding connection management and connections are established only on-demand (when app tries to send data), the first several data transfer calls would return EAGAIN. Applications should be aware of this and retry until the operation succeeds.

If an application has chosen manual progress for data progress, it should also read the CQ so that the connection establishment progresses. Not doing so would result in a stall. See also the ERRORS section in fi_msg(3).

Supported Features

The RxM provider currently supports FI_MSG, FI_TAGGED, FI_RMA and FI_ATOMIC capabilities.

Endpoint types

The provider supports only FI_EP_RDM.

Endpoint capabilities

The following data transfer interface is supported: FI_MSG, FI_TAGGED, FI_RMA, FI_ATOMIC.

Progress

The RxM provider supports both FI_PROGRESS_MANUAL and FI_PROGRESS_AUTO. Manual progress in general has better connection scale-up and lower CPU utilization since there's no separate auto-progress thread.

Addressing Formats

FI_SOCKADDR, FI_SOCKADDR_IN

Memory Region

FI_MR_VIRT_ADDR, FI_MR_ALLOCATED, FI_MR_PROV_KEY MR mode bits would be required from the app in case the core provider requires it.

Limitations

When using RxM provider, some limitations from the underlying MSG provider could also show up. Please refer to the corresponding MSG provider man pages to find about those limitations.

Unsupported features

RxM provider does not support the following features:

  • op_flags: FI_FENCE.
  • Scalable endpoints
  • Shared contexts
  • FABRIC_DIRECT
  • FI_MR_SCALABLE
  • Authorization keys
  • Application error data buffers
  • Multicast
  • FI_SYNC_ERR
  • Reporting unknown source addr data as part of completions
  • Triggered operations

Progress limitations

When sending large messages, an app doing an sread or waiting on the CQ file descriptor may not get a completion when reading the CQ after being woken up from the wait. The app has to do sread or wait on the file descriptor again. This is needed because RxM uses a rendezvous protocol for large message sends. An app would get woken up from waiting on CQ fd when rendezvous protocol request completes but it would have to wait again to get an ACK from the receiver indicating completion of large message transfer by remote RMA read.

FI_ATOMIC limitations

The FI_ATOMIC capability will only be listed in the fi_info if the fi_info hints parameter specifies FI_ATOMIC. If FI_ATOMIC is requested, message order FI_ORDER_RAR, FI_ORDER_RAW, FI_ORDER_WAR, FI_ORDER_WAW, FI_ORDER_SAR, and FI_ORDER_SAW can not be supported.

Miscellaneous limitations

  • RxM protocol peers should have same endian-ness otherwise connections won't successfully complete. This enables better performance at run-time as byte order translations are avoided.

Runtime Parameters

The ofi_rxm provider checks for the following environment variables.

FI_OFI_RXM_BUFFER_SIZE

Defines the transmit buffer size / inject size. Messages of size less than this would be transmitted via an eager protocol and those above would be transmitted via a rendezvous or SAR (Segmentation And Reassembly) protocol. Transmit data would be copied up to this size (default: ~16k).

FI_OFI_RXM_COMP_PER_PROGRESS

Defines the maximum number of MSG provider CQ entries (default: 1) that would be read per progress (RxM CQ read).

FI_OFI_RXM_SAR_LIMIT

Set this environment variable to control the RxM SAR (Segmentation And Reassembly) protocol. Messages of size greater than this (default: 256 Kb) would be transmitted via rendezvous protocol.

FI_OFI_RXM_USE_SRX

Set this to 1 to use shared receive context from MSG provider. This reduces overall memory usage but there may be a slight increase in latency (default: 0).

FI_OFI_RXM_TX_SIZE

Defines default TX context size (default: 1024)

FI_OFI_RXM_RX_SIZE

Defines default RX context size (default: 1024)

FI_OFI_RXM_MSG_TX_SIZE

Defines FI_EP_MSG TX size that would be requested (default: 128).

FI_OFI_RXM_MSG_RX_SIZE

Defines FI_EP_MSG RX size that would be requested (default: 128).

FI_UNIVERSE_SIZE

Defines the expected number of ranks / peers an endpoint would communicate with (default: 256).

FI_OFI_RXM_CM_PROGRESS_INTERVAL

Defines the duration of time in microseconds between calls to RxM CM progression functions when using manual progress. Higher values may provide less noise for calls to fi_cq read functions, but may increase connection setup time (default: 10000)

Tuning

Bandwidth

To optimize for bandwidth, ensure you use higher values than default for FI_OFI_RXM_TX_SIZE, FI_OFI_RXM_RX_SIZE, FI_OFI_RXM_MSG_TX_SIZE, FI_OFI_RXM_MSG_RX_SIZE subject to memory limits of the system and the tx and rx sizes supported by the MSG provider.

FI_OFI_RXM_SAR_LIMIT is another knob that can be experimented with to optimze for bandwidth.

Memory

To conserve memory, ensure FI_UNIVERSE_SIZE set to what is required. Similarly check that FI_OFI_RXM_TX_SIZE, FI_OFI_RXM_RX_SIZE, FI_OFI_RXM_MSG_TX_SIZE and FI_OFI_RXM_MSG_RX_SIZE env variables are set to only required values.

Notes

The data transfer API may return -FI_EAGAIN during on-demand connection setup of the core provider FI_MSG_EP. See fi_msg(3) for a detailed description of handling FI_EAGAIN.

Troubleshooting / Known issues

If an RxM endpoint is expected to communicate with more peers than the default value of FI_UNIVERSE_SIZE (256) CQ overruns can happen. To avoid this set a higher value for FI_UNIVERSE_SIZE. CQ overrun can make a MSG endpoint unusable.

At higher # of ranks, there may be connection errors due to a node running out of memory. The workaround is to use shared receive contexts for the MSG provider (FI_OFI_RXM_USE_SRX=1) or reduce eager message size (FI_OFI_RXM_BUFFER_SIZE) and MSG provider TX/RX queue sizes (FI_OFI_RXM_MSG_TX_SIZE / FI_OFI_RXM_MSG_RX_SIZE).

See Also

fabric(7), fi_provider(7), fi_getinfo(3)

Authors

OpenFabrics.

Referenced By

fi_provider(7), fi_verbs(7).

2019-06-21 Libfabric Programmer's Manual Libfabric v1.8.0