ecm-find-modules man page

ecm-find-modules — ECM Find Modules Reference

Introduction

Find modules are used by the CMake find_package command to search for packages that do not provide their own CMake package config files. CMake provides an extensive set of find modules, and Extra CMake Modules (ECM) adds to that.

To use ECM’s find modules, you need to tell CMake to find the ECM package, and then add either ${ECM_MODULE_PATH} or ${ECM_FIND_MODULE_DIR} to the CMAKE_MODULE_PATH variable:

find_package(ECM REQUIRED NO_MODULE)
set(CMAKE_MODULE_PATH ${ECM_FIND_MODULE_DIR})

Using ${ECM_MODULE_PATH} will also make the modules intended for direct use by CMake scripts available (see ecm-modules(7) and ecm-kde-modules(7)).

You can also make local copies of find modules using the ecm_use_find_modules function from ECMUseFindModules, which is automatically included when ECM is found:

find_package(ECM REQUIRED NO_MODULE)
ecm_use_find_modules(
    DIR "${CMAKE_BINARY_DIR}/cmake"
    MODULES FindEGL.cmake
)
set(CMAKE_MODULE_PATH "${CMAKE_BINARY_DIR}/cmake")

This allows selective use of ECM’s find modules, and the NO_OVERRIDE argument can be used to ensure that if CMake ships its own version of that find module, it will be used instead.

All Find Modules

FindCanberra

Try to find Canberra event sound library.

This will define the following variables:

Canberra_FOUND

True if (the requested version of) Canberra is available

Canberra_VERSION

The version of Canberra

Canberra_LIBRARIES

The libraries of Canberra for use with target_link_libraries()

Canberra_INCLUDE_DIRS

The include dirs of Canberra for use with target_include_directories()

If Canberra_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

Canberra::Canberra

The Canberra library

In general we recommend using the imported target, as it is easier to use. Bear in mind, however, that if the target is in the link interface of an exported library, it must be made available by the package config file.

Since 5.56.0.

FindEGL

Try to find EGL.

This will define the following variables:

EGL_FOUND

True if (the requested version of) EGL is available

EGL_VERSION

The version of EGL; note that this is the API version defined in the headers, rather than the version of the implementation (eg: Mesa)

EGL_LIBRARIES

This can be passed to target_link_libraries() instead of the EGL::EGL target

EGL_INCLUDE_DIRS

This should be passed to target_include_directories() if the target is not used for linking

EGL_DEFINITIONS

This should be passed to target_compile_options() if the target is not used for linking

If EGL_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

EGL::EGL

The EGL library

In general we recommend using the imported target, as it is easier to use. Bear in mind, however, that if the target is in the link interface of an exported library, it must be made available by the package config file.

Since pre-1.0.0.

FindFontconfig

Try to find Fontconfig. Once done this will define the following variables:

Fontconfig_FOUND

True if Fontconfig is available

Fontconfig_INCLUDE_DIRS

The include directory to use for the Fontconfig headers

Fontconfig_LIBRARIES

The Fontconfig libraries for linking

Fontconfig_DEFINITIONS

Compiler switches required for using Fontconfig

Fontconfig_VERSION

The version of Fontconfig that has been found

If Fontconfig_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

Fontconfig::Fontconfig

Since 5.57.0.

FindGLIB2

Try to locate the GLib2 library. If found, this will define the following variables:

GLIB2_FOUND

True if the GLib2 library is available

GLIB2_INCLUDE_DIRS

The GLib2 include directories

GLIB2_LIBRARIES

The GLib2 libraries for linking

GLIB2_INCLUDE_DIR

Deprecated, use GLIB2_INCLUDE_DIRS

GLIB2_LIBRARY

Deprecated, use GLIB2_LIBRARIES

If GLIB2_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

GLIB2::GLIB2

The GLIB2 library

Since 5.41.0.

FindGperf

Try to find GNU gperf.

If the gperf executable is not in your PATH, you can provide an alternative name or full path location with the Gperf_EXECUTABLE variable.

This will define the following variables:

Gperf_FOUND

True if gperf is available.

Gperf_EXECUTABLE

The gperf executable.

If Gperf_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

GPerf::Gperf

The gperf executable.

and the following public function:

ecm_gperf_generate(<GperfInput> <OutputFile> <OutputVariable>

[GENERATION_FLAGS <flags>])

Run gperf on <GperfInput> to generate <OutputFile>, adding it to the <OutputVariable> variable which contains the source for the target where <OutputFile> is going to be built.  The optional GENERATION_FLAGS argument is needed to pass extra parameters to gperf (note you cannot override that way the output file).

A simple invocation would be:

ecm_gperf_generate(simple.gperf ${CMAKE_CURRENT_BINARY_DIR}/simple.h MySources)

Since 5.35.0.

FindIcoTool

Try to find icotool.

If the icotool executable is not in your PATH, you can provide an alternative name or full path location with the IcoTool_EXECUTABLE variable.

This will define the following variables:

IcoTool_FOUND

True if icotool is available.

IcoTool_EXECUTABLE

The icotool executable.

If IcoTool_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

IcoTool::IcoTool

The icotool executable.

Since 5.49.

FindInotify

Try to find inotify on this system. This finds:
  • libinotify on Unix like systems, or
  • the kernel’s inotify on Linux systems.

This will define the following variables:

Inotify_FOUND

True if inotify is available

Inotify_LIBRARIES

This has to be passed to target_link_libraries()

Inotify_INCLUDE_DIRS

This has to be passed to target_include_directories()

On Linux, the libraries and include directories are empty, even though Inotify_FOUND may be set to TRUE. This is because no special includes or libraries are needed. On other systems these may be needed to use inotify.

Since 5.32.0.

FindKF5

Find KDE Frameworks 5 with a single find_package() call.

This will use the package config files provided by the individual frameworks. For example, if you wish to find KArchive, which presents itself to CMake as KF5Archive (ie: you would do find_package(KF5Archive) to find it directly), you can do

find_package(KF5 COMPONENTS Archive)

If all the required components (those given in the COMPONENTS argument, but not those given in the OPTIONAL_COMPONENTS argument) are found, KF5_FOUND will be set to true. Otherwise, it will be set to false.

Since pre-1.0.0.

FindLibExiv2

Try to find the Exiv2 library.

This will define the following variables:

LibExiv2_FOUND

True if (the requested version of) Exiv2 is available

LibExiv2_VERSION

The version of Exiv2

LibExiv2_INCLUDE_DIRS

The include dirs of Exiv2 for use with target_include_directories()

LibExiv2_LIBRARIES

The Exiv2 library for use with target_link_libraries(). This can be passed to target_link_libraries() instead of the LibExiv2::LibExiv2 target

If LibExiv2_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

LibExiv2::LibExiv2

The Exiv2 library

In general we recommend using the imported target, as it is easier to use. Bear in mind, however, that if the target is in the link interface of an exported library, it must be made available by the package config file.

Since 5.53.0.

FindLibGit2

Try to find libgit2 on a Unix system.

This will define the following variables:

LIBGIT2_FOUND

True if (the requested version of) libgit2 is available

LIBGIT2_VERSION

The version of libgit2

LIBGIT2_LIBRARIES

This can be passed to target_link_libraries() instead of the LibGit2::LibGit2 target

LIBGIT2_INCLUDE_DIRS

This should be passed to target_include_directories() if the target is not used for linking

LIBGIT2_DEFINITIONS

This should be passed to target_compile_options() if the target is not used for linking

If LIBGIT2_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

LibGit2::LibGit2

The libgit2 library

In general we recommend using the imported target, as it is easier to use. Bear in mind, however, that if the target is in the link interface of an exported library, it must be made available by the package config file.

Since 1.3.0.

FindOpenEXR

Try to find the OpenEXR libraries.

This will define the following variables:

OpenEXR_FOUND

True if OpenEXR is available

OpenEXR_LIBRARIES

Link to these to use OpenEXR

OpenEXR_INCLUDE_DIRS

Include directory for OpenEXR

OpenEXR_DEFINITIONS

Compiler flags required to link against OpenEXR

and the following imported targets:

OpenEXR::IlmImf

The OpenEXR core library

In general we recommend using the imported target, as it is easier to use. Bear in mind, however, that if the target is in the link interface of an exported library, it must be made available by the package config file.

Since pre-1.0.0.

FindPhoneNumber

Try to find PhoneNumber.

This is a component-based find module, which makes use of the COMPONENTS and OPTIONAL_COMPONENTS arguments to find_module.  The following components are available:

PhoneNumber  GeoCoding

If no components are specified, this module will act as though all components were passed to OPTIONAL_COMPONENTS.

This module will define the following variables, independently of the components searched for or found:

PhoneNumber_FOUND

True if (the requestion version of) PhoneNumber is available

For each searched-for components, PhoneNumber_<component>_FOUND will be set to TRUE if the corresponding library was found, and FALSE otherwise.  If PhoneNumber_<component>_FOUND is TRUE, the imported target PhoneNumber::<component> will be defined.

Since 5.54.0.

FindPng2Ico

Try to find png2ico.

If the png2ico executable is not in your PATH, you can provide an alternative name or full path location with the Png2Ico_EXECUTABLE variable.

This will define the following variables:

Png2Ico_FOUND

True if png2ico is available.

Png2Ico_EXECUTABLE

The png2ico executable.

If Png2Ico_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

Png2Ico::Png2Ico

The png2ico executable.

and the following variables:

Png2Ico_HAS_COLORS_ARGUMENT

Whether png2ico accepts a --colors argument. Matthias Benkmann’s tool does, while the version of png2ico from the “KDE On Windows” (kdewin) project does not.

Png2Ico_HAS_RCFILE_ARGUMENT

Whether png2ico accepts an --rcfile argument. The version of png2ico from the “KDE On Windows” (kdewin) project does, while Matthias Benkmann’s tool does not.

Since 1.7.0.

FindPoppler

Try to find Poppler.

This is a component-based find module, which makes use of the COMPONENTS and OPTIONAL_COMPONENTS arguments to find_module.  The following components are available:

Core  Cpp  Qt5  Qt4  Glib

If no components are specified, this module will act as though all components were passed to OPTIONAL_COMPONENTS.

This module will define the following variables, independently of the components searched for or found:

Poppler_FOUND

TRUE if (the requested version of) Poppler is available

Poppler_VERSION

Found Poppler version

Poppler_TARGETS

A list of all targets imported by this module (note that there may be more than the components that were requested)

Poppler_LIBRARIES

This can be passed to target_link_libraries() instead of the imported targets

Poppler_INCLUDE_DIRS

This should be passed to target_include_directories() if the targets are not used for linking

Poppler_DEFINITIONS

This should be passed to target_compile_options() if the targets are not used for linking

For each searched-for components, Poppler_<component>_FOUND will be set to TRUE if the corresponding Poppler library was found, and FALSE otherwise.  If Poppler_<component>_FOUND is TRUE, the imported target Poppler::<component> will be defined.  This module will also attempt to determine Poppler_*_VERSION variables for each imported target, although Poppler_VERSION should normally be sufficient.

In general we recommend using the imported targets, as they are easier to use and provide more control.  Bear in mind, however, that if any target is in the link interface of an exported library, it must be made available by the package config file.

Since 5.19

FindPulseAudio

Try to locate the PulseAudio library. If found, this will define the following variables:

PulseAudio_FOUND

True if the system has the PulseAudio library of at least the minimum version specified by either the version parameter to find_package() or the variable PulseAudio_MINIMUM_VERSION

PulseAudio_INCLUDE_DIRS

The PulseAudio include directory

PulseAudio_LIBRARIES

The PulseAudio libraries for linking

PulseAudio_MAINLOOP_LIBRARY

The libraries needed to use PulseAudio Mainloop

PulseAudio_VERSION

The version of PulseAudio that was found

PulseAudio_INCLUDE_DIR

Deprecated, use PulseAudio_INCLUDE_DIRS

PulseAudio_LIBRARY

Deprecated, use PulseAudio_LIBRARIES

If PulseAudio_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

PulseAudio::PulseAudio

The PulseAudio library

Since 5.41.0.

FindQtWaylandScanner

Try to find qtwaylandscanner.

If the qtwaylandscanner executable is not in your PATH, you can provide an alternative name or full path location with the QtWaylandScanner_EXECUTABLE variable.

This will define the following variables:

QtWaylandScanner_FOUND

True if qtwaylandscanner is available

QtWaylandScanner_EXECUTABLE

The qtwaylandscanner executable.

If QtWaylandScanner_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

Wayland::QtScanner

The qtwaylandscanner executable.

This module provides the following functions to generate C++ protocol implementations:

  • ecm_add_qtwayland_client_protocol
  • ecm_add_qtwayland_server_protocol
ecm_add_qtwayland_client_protocol(<source_files_var>
                                  PROTOCOL <xmlfile>
                                  BASENAME <basename>
                                  [PREFIX <prefix>])

Generate C++ wrapper to Wayland client protocol files from <xmlfile> XML definition for the <basename> interface and append those files to <source_files_var>.  Pass the <prefix> argument if the interface names don’t start with qt_ or wl_.

WaylandScanner is required and will be searched for.

ecm_add_qtwayland_server_protocol(<source_files_var>
                                  PROTOCOL <xmlfile>
                                  BASENAME <basename>
                                  [PREFIX <prefix>])

Generate C++ wrapper to Wayland server protocol files from <xmlfile> XML definition for the <basename> interface and append those files to <source_files_var>.  Pass the <prefix> argument if the interface names don’t start with qt_ or wl_.

WaylandScanner is required and will be searched for.

Since 1.4.0.

FindSasl2

Try to find the SASL2 library.

This will define the following variables:

Sasl2_FOUND

System has SASL2.

Sasl2_VERSION

The version of SASL2.

Sasl2_INCLUDE_DIRS

This should be passed to target_include_directories() if the target is not used for linking.

Sasl2_LIBRARIES

The SASL2 library. This can be passed to target_link_libraries() instead of the Sasl2::Sasl2 target

If Sasl2_FOUND is TRUE, the following imported target will be available:

Sasl2::Sasl2

The SASL2 library

Since 5.41.0.

FindSeccomp

Try to locate the libseccomp library.

This will define the following variables:

Seccomp_FOUND

True if the seccomp library is available

Seccomp_INCLUDE_DIRS

The seccomp include directories

Seccomp_LIBRARIES

The seccomp libraries for linking

If Seccomp_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

Seccomp::Seccomp

The Seccomp library

Since 5.44.0.

FindSharedMimeInfo

Try to find the shared-mime-info package.

This will define the following variables:

SharedMimeInfo_FOUND

True if system has the shared-mime-info package

UPDATE_MIME_DATABASE_EXECUTABLE

The update-mime-database executable

and the following imported targets:

SharedMimeInfo::UpdateMimeDatabase

The update-mime-database executable

The follow macro is available:

update_xdg_mimetypes(<path>)

Updates the XDG mime database at install time (unless the $DESTDIR environment variable is set, in which case it is up to package managers to perform this task).

Since pre-1.0.0.

FindUDev

Try to find the UDev library.

This will define the following variables:

UDev_FOUND

System has UDev.

UDev_INCLUDE_DIRS

The libudev include directory.

UDev_LIBRARIES

The libudev libraries.

UDev_VERSION

The libudev version.

If UDev_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

UDev::UDev

The UDev library

Since 5.57.0.

FindWayland

Try to find Wayland.

This is a component-based find module, which makes use of the COMPONENTS and OPTIONAL_COMPONENTS arguments to find_module.  The following components are available:

Client  Server  Cursor  Egl

If no components are specified, this module will act as though all components were passed to OPTIONAL_COMPONENTS.

This module will define the following variables, independently of the components searched for or found:

Wayland_FOUND

TRUE if (the requested version of) Wayland is available

Wayland_VERSION

Found Wayland version

Wayland_TARGETS

A list of all targets imported by this module (note that there may be more than the components that were requested)

Wayland_LIBRARIES

This can be passed to target_link_libraries() instead of the imported targets

Wayland_INCLUDE_DIRS

This should be passed to target_include_directories() if the targets are not used for linking

Wayland_DEFINITIONS

This should be passed to target_compile_options() if the targets are not used for linking

For each searched-for components, Wayland_<component>_FOUND will be set to TRUE if the corresponding Wayland library was found, and FALSE otherwise.  If Wayland_<component>_FOUND is TRUE, the imported target Wayland::<component> will be defined.  This module will also attempt to determine Wayland_*_VERSION variables for each imported target, although Wayland_VERSION should normally be sufficient.

In general we recommend using the imported targets, as they are easier to use and provide more control.  Bear in mind, however, that if any target is in the link interface of an exported library, it must be made available by the package config file.

Since pre-1.0.0.

FindWaylandScanner

Try to find wayland-scanner.

If the wayland-scanner executable is not in your PATH, you can provide an alternative name or full path location with the WaylandScanner_EXECUTABLE variable.

This will define the following variables:

WaylandScanner_FOUND

True if wayland-scanner is available.

WaylandScanner_EXECUTABLE

The wayland-scanner executable.

If WaylandScanner_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

Wayland::Scanner

The wayland-scanner executable.

This module provides the following functions to generate C protocol implementations:

  • ecm_add_wayland_client_protocol
  • ecm_add_wayland_server_protocol
ecm_add_wayland_client_protocol(<source_files_var>
                                PROTOCOL <xmlfile>
                                BASENAME <basename>)

Generate Wayland client protocol files from <xmlfile> XML definition for the <basename> interface and append those files to <source_files_var>.

ecm_add_wayland_server_protocol(<source_files_var>
                                PROTOCOL <xmlfile>
                                BASENAME <basename>)

Generate Wayland server protocol files from <xmlfile> XML definition for the <basename> interface and append those files to <source_files_var>.

Since 1.4.0.

FindX11_XCB

Try to find the X11 XCB compatibility library.

This will define the following variables:

X11_XCB_FOUND

True if (the requested version of) libX11-xcb is available

X11_XCB_VERSION

The version of libX11-xcb (this is not guaranteed to be set even when X11_XCB_FOUND is true)

X11_XCB_LIBRARIES

This can be passed to target_link_libraries() instead of the EGL::EGL target

X11_XCB_INCLUDE_DIR

This should be passed to target_include_directories() if the target is not used for linking

X11_XCB_DEFINITIONS

This should be passed to target_compile_options() if the target is not used for linking

If X11_XCB_FOUND is TRUE, it will also define the following imported target:

X11::XCB

The X11 XCB compatibility library

In general we recommend using the imported target, as it is easier to use. Bear in mind, however, that if the target is in the link interface of an exported library, it must be made available by the package config file.

Since pre-1.0.0.

FindXCB

Try to find XCB.

This is a component-based find module, which makes use of the COMPONENTS and OPTIONAL_COMPONENTS arguments to find_module.  The following components are available:

XCB
ATOM         AUX          COMPOSITE    CURSOR       DAMAGE
DPMS         DRI2         DRI3         EVENT        EWMH
GLX          ICCCM        IMAGE        KEYSYMS      PRESENT
RANDR        RECORD       RENDER       RENDERUTIL   RES
SCREENSAVER  SHAPE        SHM          SYNC         UTIL
XEVIE        XF86DRI      XFIXES       XINERAMA     XINPUT
XKB          XPRINT       XTEST        XV           XVMC

If no components are specified, this module will act as though all components except XINPUT (which is considered unstable) were passed to OPTIONAL_COMPONENTS.

This module will define the following variables, independently of the components searched for or found:

XCB_FOUND

True if (the requestion version of) xcb is available

XCB_VERSION

Found xcb version

XCB_TARGETS

A list of all targets imported by this module (note that there may be more than the components that were requested)

XCB_LIBRARIES

This can be passed to target_link_libraries() instead of the imported targets

XCB_INCLUDE_DIRS

This should be passed to target_include_directories() if the targets are not used for linking

XCB_DEFINITIONS

This should be passed to target_compile_options() if the targets are not used for linking

For each searched-for components, XCB_<component>_FOUND will be set to true if the corresponding xcb library was found, and false otherwise.  If XCB_<component>_FOUND is true, the imported target XCB::<component> will be defined.  This module will also attempt to determine XCB_*_VERSION variables for each imported target, although XCB_VERSION should normally be sufficient.

In general we recommend using the imported targets, as they are easier to use and provide more control.  Bear in mind, however, that if any target is in the link interface of an exported library, it must be made available by the package config file.

Since pre-1.0.0.

See Also

ecm(7), ecm-modules(7), ecm-kde-modules(7)

Referenced By

ecm(7), ecm-kde-modules(7), ecm-modules(7).

Aug 07, 2019 5.61 Extra CMake Modules