cmake-server man page

cmake-server — CMake Server

Introduction

cmake(1) is capable of providing semantic information about CMake code it executes to generate a buildsystem. If executed with the -E server command line options, it starts in a long running mode and allows a client to request the available information via a JSON protocol.

The protocol is designed to be useful to IDEs, refactoring tools, and other tools which have a need to understand the buildsystem in entirety.

A single cmake-buildsystem(7) may describe buildsystem contents and build properties which differ based on generation-time context including:

·
The Platform (eg, Windows, APPLE, Linux).
·
The build configuration (eg, Debug, Release, Coverage).
·
The Compiler (eg, MSVC, GCC, Clang) and compiler version.
·
The language of the source files compiled.
·
Available compile features (eg CXX variadic templates).
·
CMake policies.

The protocol aims to provide information to tooling to satisfy several needs:

1.
Provide a complete and easily parsed source of all information relevant to the tooling as it relates to the source code. There should be no need for tooling to parse generated buildsystems to access include directories or compile definitions for example.
2.
Semantic information about the CMake buildsystem itself.
3.
Provide a stable interface for reading the information in the CMake cache.
4.
Information for determining when cmake needs to be re-run as a result of file changes.

Operation

Start cmake(1) in the server command mode, supplying the path to the build directory to process:

cmake -E server (--debug|--pipe <NAMED_PIPE>)

The server will communicate using stdin/stdout (with the --debug parameter) or using a named pipe (with the --pipe <NAMED_PIPE> parameter).

When connecting to the server (via named pipe or by starting it in --debug mode), the server will reply with a hello message:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"supportedProtocolVersions":[{"major":1,"minor":0}],"type":"hello"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Messages sent to and from the process are wrapped in magic strings:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{
  ... some JSON message ...
}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

The server is now ready to accept further requests via the named pipe or stdin.

Debugging

CMake server mode can be asked to provide statistics on execution times, etc. or to dump a copy of the response into a file. This is done passing a "debug" JSON object as a child of the request.

The debug object supports the "showStats" key, which takes a boolean and makes the server mode return a "zzzDebug" object with stats as part of its response. "dumpToFile" takes a string value and will cause the cmake server to copy the response into the given filename.

This is a response from the cmake server with "showStats" set to true:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{
  "cookie":"",
  "errorMessage":"Waiting for type \"handshake\".",
  "inReplyTo":"unknown",
 "type":"error",
  "zzzDebug": {
    "dumpFile":"/tmp/error.txt",
    "jsonSerialization":0.011016,
    "size":111,
    "totalTime":0.025995
  }
}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

The server has made a copy of this response into the file /tmp/error.txt and took 0.011 seconds to turn the JSON response into a string, and it took 0.025 seconds to process the request in total. The reply has a size of 111 bytes.

Protocol API

General Message Layout

All messages need to have a "type" value, which identifies the type of message that is passed back or forth. E.g. the initial message sent by the server is of type "hello". Messages without a type will generate an response of type "error".

All requests sent to the server may contain a "cookie" value. This value will he handed back unchanged in all responses triggered by the request.

All responses will contain a value "inReplyTo", which may be empty in case of parse errors, but will contain the type of the request message in all other cases.

Type reply

This type is used by the server to reply to requests.

The message may -- depending on the type of the original request -- contain values.

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"cookie":"zimtstern","inReplyTo":"handshake","type":"reply"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Type error

This type is used to return an error condition to the client. It will contain an "errorMessage".

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"cookie":"","errorMessage":"Protocol version not supported.","inReplyTo":"handshake","type":"error"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Type progress

When the server is busy for a long time, it is polite to send back replies of type "progress" to the client. These will contain a "progressMessage" with a string describing the action currently taking place as well as "progressMinimum", "progressMaximum" and "progressCurrent" with integer values describing the range of progess.

Messages of type "progress" will be followed by more "progress" messages or with a message of type "reply" or "error" that complete the request.

"progress" messages may not be emitted after the "reply" or "error" message for the request that triggered the responses was delivered.

Type message

A message is triggered when the server processes a request and produces some form of output that should be displayed to the user. A Message has a "message" with the actual text to display as well as a "title" with a suggested dialog box title.

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"cookie":"","message":"Something happened.","title":"Title Text","inReplyTo":"handshake","type":"message"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Type signal

The server can send signals when it detects changes in the system state. Signals are of type "signal", have an empty "cookie" and "inReplyTo" field and always have a "name" set to show which signal was sent.

Specific Signals

The cmake server may sent signals with the following names:

dirty Signal

The "dirty" signal is sent whenever the server determines that the configuration of the project is no longer up-to-date. This happens when any of the files that have an influence on the build system is changed.

The "dirty" signal may look like this:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{
  "cookie":"",
  "inReplyTo":"",
  "name":"dirty",
  "type":"signal"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

fileChange Signal

The "fileChange" signal is sent whenever a watched file is changed. It contains the "path" that has changed and a list of "properties" with the kind of change that was detected. Possible changes are "change" and "rename".

The "fileChange" signal looks like this:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{
  "cookie":"",
  "inReplyTo":"",
  "name":"fileChange",
  "path":"/absolute/CMakeLists.txt",
  "properties":["change"],
  "type":"signal"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Specific Message Types

Type hello

The initial message send by the cmake server on startup is of type "hello". This is the only message ever sent by the server that is not of type "reply", "progress" or "error".

It will contain "supportedProtocolVersions" with an array of server protocol versions supported by the cmake server. These are JSON objects with "major" and "minor" keys containing non-negative integer values. Some versions may be marked as experimental. These will contain the "isExperimental" key set to true. Enabling these requires a special command line argument when starting the cmake server mode.

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"supportedProtocolVersions":[{"major":0,"minor":1}],"type":"hello"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Type handshake

The first request that the client may send to the server is of type "handshake".

This request needs to pass one of the "supportedProtocolVersions" of the "hello" type response received earlier back to the server in the "protocolVersion" field.

Each protocol version may request additional attributes to be present.

Protocol version 1.0 requires the following attributes to be set:

·
"sourceDirectory" with a path to the sources
·
"buildDirectory" with a path to the build directory
·
"generator" with the generator name
·
"extraGenerator" (optional!) with the extra generator to be used
·
"platform" with the generator platform (if supported by the generator)
·
"toolset" with the generator toolset (if supported by the generator)

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"cookie":"zimtstern","type":"handshake","protocolVersion":{"major":0},
 "sourceDirectory":"/home/code/cmake", "buildDirectory":"/tmp/testbuild",
 "generator":"Ninja"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

which will result in a response type "reply":

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"cookie":"zimtstern","inReplyTo":"handshake","type":"reply"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

indicating that the server is ready for action.

Type globalSettings

This request can be sent after the initial handshake. It will return a JSON structure with information on cmake state.

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"type":"globalSettings"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

which will result in a response type "reply":

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{
  "buildDirectory": "/tmp/test-build",
  "capabilities": {
    "generators": [
      {
        "extraGenerators": [],
        "name": "Watcom WMake",
        "platformSupport": false,
        "toolsetSupport": false
      },
      <...>
    ],
    "serverMode": false,
    "version": {
      "isDirty": false,
      "major": 3,
      "minor": 6,
      "patch": 20160830,
      "string": "3.6.20160830-gd6abad",
      "suffix": "gd6abad"
    }
  },
  "checkSystemVars": false,
  "cookie": "",
  "extraGenerator": "",
  "generator": "Ninja",
  "debugOutput": false,
  "inReplyTo": "globalSettings",
  "sourceDirectory": "/home/code/cmake",
  "trace": false,
  "traceExpand": false,
  "type": "reply",
  "warnUninitialized": false,
  "warnUnused": false,
  "warnUnusedCli": true
}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Type setGlobalSettings

This request can be sent to change the global settings attributes. Unknown attributes are going to be ignored. Read-only attributes reported by "globalSettings" are all capabilities, buildDirectory, generator, extraGenerator and sourceDirectory. Any attempt to set these will be ignored, too.

All other settings will be changed.

The server will respond with an empty reply message or an error.

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"type":"setGlobalSettings","debugOutput":true}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

CMake will reply to this with:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"inReplyTo":"setGlobalSettings","type":"reply"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Type configure

This request will configure a project for build.

To configure a build directory already containing cmake files, it is enough to set "buildDirectory" via "setGlobalSettings". To create a fresh build directory you also need to set "currentGenerator" and "sourceDirectory" via "setGlobalSettings" in addition to "buildDirectory".

You may a list of strings to "configure" via the "cacheArguments" key. These strings will be interpreted similar to command line arguments related to cache handling that are passed to the cmake command line client.

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"type":"configure", "cacheArguments":["-Dsomething=else"]}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

CMake will reply like this (after reporting progress for some time):

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"cookie":"","inReplyTo":"configure","type":"reply"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Type compute

This request will generate build system files in the build directory and is only available after a project was successfully "configure"d.

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"type":"compute"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

CMake will reply (after reporting progress information):

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"cookie":"","inReplyTo":"compute","type":"reply"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Type codemodel

The "codemodel" request can be used after a project was "compute"d successfully.

It will list the complete project structure as it is known to cmake.

The reply will contain a key "configurations", which will contain a list of configuration objects. Configuration objects are used to destinquish between different configurations the build directory might have enabled. While most generators only support one configuration, others might support several.

Each configuration object can have the following keys:

name
contains the name of the configuration. The name may be empty.
projects
contains a list of project objects, one for each build project.

Project objects define one (sub-)project defined in the cmake build system.

Each project object can have the following keys:

name
contains the (sub-)projects name.
sourceDirectory
contains the current source directory
buildDirectory
contains the current build directory.
targets
contains a list of build system target objects.

Target objects define individual build targets for a certain configuration.

Each target object can have the following keys:

name
contains the name of the target.
type
defines the type of build of the target. Possible values are "STATIC_LIBRARY", "MODULE_LIBRARY", "SHARED_LIBRARY", "OBJECT_LIBRARY", "EXECUTABLE", "UTILITY" and "INTERFACE_LIBRARY".
fullName
contains the full name of the build result (incl. extensions, etc.).
sourceDirectory
contains the current source directory.
buildDirectory
contains the current build directory.
artifacts
with a list of build artifacts. The list is sorted with the most important artifacts first (e.g. a .DLL file is listed before a
linkerLanguage
contains the language of the linker used to produce the artifact.
linkLibraries
with a list of libraries to link to. This value is encoded in the system's native shell format.
linkFlags
with a list of flags to pass to the linker. This value is encoded in the system's native shell format.
linkLanguageFlags
with the flags for a compiler using the linkerLanguage. This value is encoded in the system's native shell format.
frameworkPath
with the framework path (on Apple computers). This value is encoded in the system's native shell format.
linkPath
with the link path. This value is encoded in the system's native shell format.
sysroot
with the sysroot path.
fileGroups
contains the source files making up the target.

FileGroups are used to group sources using similar settings together.

Each fileGroup object may contain the following keys:

language
contains the programming language used by all files in the group.
compileFlags
with a string containing all the flags passed to the compiler when building any of the files in this group. This value is encoded in the system's native shell format.
includePath
with a list of include paths. Each include path is an object containing a "path" with the actual include path and "isSystem" with a bool value informing whether this is a normal include or a system include. This value is encoded in the system's native shell format.
defines
with a list of defines in the form "SOMEVALUE" or "SOMEVALUE=42". This value is encoded in the system's native shell format.
sources
with a list of source files.

All file paths in the fileGroup are either absolute or relative to the sourceDirectory of the target.

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"type":"codemodel"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

CMake will reply:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{
  "configurations": [
    {
      "name": "",
      "projects": [
        {
          "buildDirectory": "/tmp/build/Source/CursesDialog/form",
          "name": "CMAKE_FORM",
          "sourceDirectory": "/home/code/src/cmake/Source/CursesDialog/form",
          "targets": [
            {
              "artifacts": [ "/tmp/build/Source/CursesDialog/form/libcmForm.a" ],
              "buildDirectory": "/tmp/build/Source/CursesDialog/form",
              "fileGroups": [
                {
                  "compileFlags": "  -std=gnu11",
                  "defines": [ "CURL_STATICLIB", "LIBARCHIVE_STATIC" ],
                  "includePath": [ { "path": "/tmp/build/Utilities" }, <...> ],
                  "isGenerated": false,
                  "language": "C",
                  "sources": [ "fld_arg.c", <...> ]
                }
              ],
              "fullName": "libcmForm.a",
              "linkerLanguage": "C",
              "name": "cmForm",
              "sourceDirectory": "/home/code/src/cmake/Source/CursesDialog/form",
              "type": "STATIC_LIBRARY"
            }
          ]
        },
        <...>
      ]
    }
  ],
  "cookie": "",
  "inReplyTo": "codemodel",
  "type": "reply"
}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Type cmakeInputs

The "cmakeInputs" requests will report files used by CMake as part of the build system itself.

This request is only available after a project was successfully "configure"d.

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"type":"cmakeInputs"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

CMake will reply with the following information:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"buildFiles":
  [
    {"isCMake":true,"isTemporary":false,"sources":["/usr/lib/cmake/...", ... ]},
    {"isCMake":false,"isTemporary":false,"sources":["CMakeLists.txt", ...]},
    {"isCMake":false,"isTemporary":true,"sources":["/tmp/build/CMakeFiles/...", ...]}
  ],
  "cmakeRootDirectory":"/usr/lib/cmake",
  "sourceDirectory":"/home/code/src/cmake",
  "cookie":"",
  "inReplyTo":"cmakeInputs",
  "type":"reply"
}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

All file names are either relative to the top level source directory or absolute.

The list of files which "isCMake" set to true are part of the cmake installation.

The list of files witch "isTemporary" set to true are part of the build directory and will not survive the build directory getting cleaned out.

Type cache

The "cache" request can be used once a project is configured and will list the cached configuration values.

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"type":"cache"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

CMake will respond with the following output:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{
  "cookie":"","inReplyTo":"cache","type":"reply",
  "cache":
  [
    {
      "key":"SOMEVALUE",
      "properties":
      {
        "ADVANCED":"1",
        "HELPSTRING":"This is not helpful"
      }
      "type":"STRING",
      "value":"TEST"}
  ]
}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

The output can be limited to a list of keys by passing an array of key names to the "keys" optional field of the "cache" request.

Type fileSystemWatchers

The server can watch the filesystem for changes. The "fileSystemWatchers" command will report on the files and directories watched.

Example:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{"type":"fileSystemWatchers"}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

CMake will respond with the following output:

[== "CMake Server" ==[
{
  "cookie":"","inReplyTo":"fileSystemWatchers","type":"reply",
  "watchedFiles": [ "/absolute/path" ],
  "watchedDirectories": [ "/absolute" ]
}
]== "CMake Server" ==]

Referenced By

cmake(1).

Dec 01, 2016 3.7.1 CMake