autohbw man page

libautohbw.so ā€” An interposer library for redirecting heap allocations

Synopsis

LD_PRELOAD=libautohbw.so command {arguments ...}

Description

AutoHBW library (libautohbw.so) is an interposer library for redirecting heap allocations (malloc, calloc, realloc, valloc, posix_memalign, memlign) to high-bandwidth (HBW) memory. Consequently, AutoHBW library can be used to automatically allocate high-bandwidth memory without any modification to source code of an application.

For instance, the following command-line runs existing binary /bin/ls with AutoHBW library, automatically redirecting heap allocations (larger than a given threshold) to high-bandwidth memory.

LD_PRELOAD=libautohbw.so /bin/ls

Environment

The behavior of AutoHBW library is controlled by the following environment variables.

AUTO_HBW_SIZE=x:[y]
Indicates that any allocation larger than x and smaller than y should be allocated in HBW memory. x and y can be followed by a K, M, or G to indicate the size in Kilo/Memga/Giga bytes (e.g., 4K, 3M, 2G).

Examples:

AUTO_HBW_SIZE=4K

# allocations larger than 4K allocated in HBW

AUTO_HBW_SIZE=1M:5M

# allocations between 1M and 5M allocated in HBW

AUTO_HBW_LOG=level
Sets the value of logging (printing) level. If level is:

-1

no messages are printed

0

no allocations messages are printed but INFO messages are printed

1

a log message is printed for each allocation (Default)

2

a log message is printed for each allocation with a backtrace. Redirect this output and use autohbw_get_src_lines.pl to find source lines for each allocation. Your application must be compiled with -g to see source lines.

Notes:

1. Logging adds extra overhead. Therefore, for performance critical runs, logging level should be 0

2. The amount of free memory printed with log messages is only approximate -- e.g. pages that are not touched yet are excluded

Examples:

AUTO_HBW_LOG=1

AUTO_HBW_MEM_TYPE=memory_type
Sets the type of memory type that should be automatically allocated. By default, this type is MEMKIND_HBW_PREFERRED, if MCDRAM is found in your system; otherwise, the default is MEMKIND_DEFAULT. The names of memory types are defined in memkind(3) man page. memory_type has to be one of MEMKIND_DEFAULT, MEMKIND_HUGETLB, MEMKIND_INTERLEAVE, MEMKIND_HBW, MEMKIND_HBW_PREFERRED, MEMKIND_HBW_HUGETLB, MEMKIND_HBW_PREFERRED_HUGETLB, MEMKIND_HBW_GBTLB (DEPRECATED), MEMKIND_HBW_PREFERRED_GBTLB (DEPRECATED), MEMKIND_GBTLB (DEPRECATED), MEMKIND_HBW_INTERLEAVE

If you are requesting any huge TLB pages, please make sure that the requested type is currently enabled in your OS.

Examples:

AUTO_HBW_MEM_TYPE=MEMKIND_HBW_PREFERRED

# (default, if MCDRAM present)

AUTO_HBW_MEM_TYPE=MEMKIND_DEFAULT

# (default, if MCDRAM absent)

AUTO_HBW_MEM_TYPE=MEMKIND_HBW_HUGETLB

AUTO_HBW_MEM_TYPE=MEMKIND_HUGETLB

AUTO_HBW_DEBUG=0|1|2
Set the debug message printing level. Default is 0. This is mainly for development.

Notes

It is possible to temporarily disable/enable automatic HBW allocations by calling disableAutoHBW() and enableAutoHBW() in source code. To call these routines, please include autohbw_api.h header file and link with -lautohbw.

If high-bandwidth memory is not physically present in your system, the environment variable MEMKIND_HBW_NODES must be set to indicate the high-bandwidth node as indicated in memkind(3).

Examples

The following will run /bin/ls with AutoHBW library. Make sure that paths to both libautohbw.so and libmemkind.so are included in LD_LIBRARY_PATH.

LD_PRELOAD=libautohbw.so /bin/ls -l

To run with MPI, a shell script must be created, with the correct LD_PRELOAD command for each rank. For example, if we put LD_PRELOAD=libautohbw.so /bin/ls in a shell script named autohbw_test.sh, it can be executed with 2 MPI ranks as:

mpirun -n 2 ./autohbw_test.sh

See Also

memkind(3) malloc(3), numactl(8),

Info

2016-07-28 Intel Corporation AUTOHBW