EVP_KDF-TLS1_PRF.7ossl - Man Page

The TLS1 PRF EVP_KDF implementation


Support for computing the TLS1 PRF through the EVP_KDF API.

The EVP_KDF-TLS1_PRF algorithm implements the PRF used by TLS versions up to and including TLS 1.2.


“TLS1-PRF” is the name for this implementation; it can be used with the EVP_KDF_fetch() function.

Supported parameters

The supported parameters are:

“properties” (OSSL_KDF_PARAM_PROPERTIES) <UTF8 string>
“digest” (OSSL_KDF_PARAM_DIGEST) <UTF8 string>

These parameters work as described in “PARAMETERS” in EVP_KDF(3).

The OSSL_KDF_PARAM_DIGEST parameter is used to set the message digest associated with the TLS PRF. EVP_md5_sha1() is treated as a special case which uses the PRF algorithm using both MD5 and SHA1 as used in TLS 1.0 and 1.1.

“secret” (OSSL_KDF_PARAM_SECRET) <octet string>

This parameter sets the secret value of the TLS PRF. Any existing secret value is replaced.

“seed” (OSSL_KDF_PARAM_SEED) <octet string>

This parameter sets the context seed. The length of the context seed cannot exceed 1024 bytes; this should be more than enough for any normal use of the TLS PRF.


A context for the TLS PRF can be obtained by calling:

 EVP_KDF *kdf = EVP_KDF_fetch(NULL, "TLS1-PRF", NULL);
 EVP_KDF_CTX *kctx = EVP_KDF_CTX_new(kdf);

The digest, secret value and seed must be set before a key is derived otherwise an error will occur.

The output length of the PRF is specified by the keylen parameter to the EVP_KDF_derive() function.


This example derives 10 bytes using SHA-256 with the secret key “secret” and seed value “seed”:

 EVP_KDF *kdf;
 EVP_KDF_CTX *kctx;
 unsigned char out[10];
 OSSL_PARAM params[4], *p = params;

 kdf = EVP_KDF_fetch(NULL, "TLS1-PRF", NULL);
 kctx = EVP_KDF_CTX_new(kdf);

 *p++ = OSSL_PARAM_construct_utf8_string(OSSL_KDF_PARAM_DIGEST,
                                         SN_sha256, strlen(SN_sha256));
 *p++ = OSSL_PARAM_construct_octet_string(OSSL_KDF_PARAM_SECRET,
                                          "secret", (size_t)6);
 *p++ = OSSL_PARAM_construct_octet_string(OSSL_KDF_PARAM_SEED,
                                          "seed", (size_t)4);
 *p = OSSL_PARAM_construct_end();
 if (EVP_KDF_derive(kctx, out, sizeof(out), params) <= 0) {

Conforming to

RFC 2246, RFC 5246 and NIST SP 800-135 r1

See Also

EVP_KDF(3), EVP_KDF_CTX_new(3), EVP_KDF_CTX_free(3), EVP_KDF_CTX_set_params(3), EVP_KDF_derive(3), “PARAMETERS” in EVP_KDF(3)

Referenced By

openssl-kdf.1ossl(1), OSSL_PROVIDER-default.7ossl(7), OSSL_PROVIDER-FIPS.7ossl(7).

2022-07-22 3.0.5 OpenSSL