sonar man page

sonar — display a sonar scope

Synopsis

sonar [-ping hosts-or-subnets] [-ping-timeout int] [-delay usecs] [-speed ratio] [-sweep-size ratio] [-font-size points] [-team-a-name string] [-team-b-name string] [-team-a-count int] [-team-b-count int] [-no-dns] [-no-times] [-no-wobble] [-debug] [-fps]

Description

This draws a sonar screen that pings (get it?) the hosts on your local network, and plots their distance (response time) from you. The three rings represent ping times of approximately 2.5, 70 and 2,000 milliseconds respectively.

Alternately, it can run a simulation that doesn't involve hosts.

Options

sonar understands the following options:

-ping hosts-or-subnets

The list of things to ping, separated by commas or spaces. Elements of this list may be:

simulation
Run in simulation mode instead of pinging real hosts.
hostname
Ping the given host.
A.B.C.D
Ping the given IPv4 address.
subnet
Ping the local subnet. On systems where we can determine the local network mask, we use that; otherwise, we assume Class C (254 hosts).
subnet/NN
Ping a different-sized local subnet: e.g., subnet/28 would ping a 4-bit subnet (the nearest 14 addresses). On systems where we can determine the local network mask, we always use that.
A.B.C.D/NN
Ping an arbitrary other IPv4 subnet. The address specifies the base address, and the part after the slash is how wide the subnet is. Typical values are /24 (for 254 addresses) and /28 (for 14 addresses).
filename

Ping the hosts listed in the given file. This file can be in the format used by /etc/hosts, or it can be any file that has host names as the first or second element on each line. If you use ssh, try this:

sonar -ping $HOME/.ssh/known_hosts

-ping-timeout int
The amount of time in milliseconds the program will wait for an answer to a ping.
-delay int
Delay between frames, in microseconds. Default 20000.
-speed ratio
Less than 1 for slower, greater than 1 for faster. Default 1.
-sweep-size ratio
How big the glowing sweep area should be. Default 0.3.
-font-size points
How large the text should be. Default 10 points.
-no-wobble
Keep the display stationary instead of very slowly wobbling back and forth.
-no-dns
Do not attempt to resolve IP addresses to hostnames.
-no-times
Do not display ping times beneath the host names.
-team-a-name string
In simulation mode, the name of team A.
-team-b-name string
In simulation mode, the name of team B.
-team-a-count int
In simulation mode, the number of bogies on team A.
-team-b-count int
In simulation mode, the number of bogies on team B.
-fps
Display the current frame rate, polygon count, and CPU load.

Notes

On most Unix systems, this program must be installed as setuid root in order to ping hosts. This is because root privileges are needed to create an ICMP RAW socket. Privileges are disavowed shortly after startup (just after connecting to the X server) so this is believed to be safe:

chown root:root sonar
chmod u+s sonar

It is not necessary to make it setuid on MacOS systems, because on MacOS, unprivileged programs can ping by using ICMP DGRAM sockets instead of ICMP RAW.

In ping-mode, the display is a logarithmic scale, calibrated so that the three rings represent ping times of approximately 2.5, 70 and 2,000 milliseconds respectively.

This means that if any the hosts you are pinging take longer than 2 seconds to respond, they won't show up; and if you are pinging several hosts with very fast response times, they will all appear close to the center of the screen (making their names hard to read.)

Bugs

Does not support IPv6.

See Also

X(1), xscreensaver(1), ping(8), ping6(8)

Authors

Stephen Martin <smartin@canada.com>, 3-nov-1998.

Subnet support, etc. added by Jamie Zawinski, 17-Jul-2000.

Rewritten using OpenGL instead of X11 by Jamie Zawinski, 12-Aug-2008.

Info

5.36-3.fc26 (21-Oct-2016) X Version 11 XScreenSaver manual