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usbguard-daemon.conf - Man Page

USBGuard daemon configuration file


The usbguard-daemon.conf file is loaded by the USBGuard daemon after it parses its command-line options. It is used to configure runtime parameters of the daemon. The default search path is /etc/usbguard/usbguard-daemon.conf. It may be overridden using the -c command-line option, see usbguard-daemon(8) for further details.



The USBGuard daemon will use this file to load the policy rule set from it and to write new rules received via the Ipc interface. Default: %sysconfdir%/usbguard/rules.conf


The USBGuard daemon will use this folder to load the policy rule set from it and to write new rules received via the Ipc interface. Usually, we set the option to /etc/usbguard/rules.d/. The USBGuard daemon is supposed to behave like any other standard Linux daemon therefore it loads rule files in alpha-numeric order. File names inside RuleFolder directory should start with a two-digit number prefix indicating the position, in which the rules are scanned by the daemon. Using RuleFile and RuleFolder at the same time is permitted. However, modification of the permanent policy is not possible if one of the following conditions are met:

  • Neither RuleFile nor RuleFolder are specified.
  • RuleFile is not specified, RuleFolder is but it does not contain any files, where we could save permanent rules.

How to treat USB devices that don’t match any rule in the policy. Target should be one of allow, block or reject (logically remove the device node from the system). Default: block


How to treat USB devices that are already connected when the daemon starts. Policy should be one of allow, block, reject, keep (keep whatever state the device is currently in) or apply-policy (evaluate the rule set for every present device). Default: apply-policy


How to treat USB controller devices that are already connected when the daemon starts. One of allow, block, reject, keep or apply-policy. Default: keep


How to treat USB devices that are already connected after the daemon starts. One of block, reject, apply-policy. Default: apply-policy


The USBGuard daemon modifies some of the default authorization state attributes of controller devices. This setting, enables you to define what value the default authorization is set to. Authorized default should be one of keep (do not change authorization state), none (every new device starts out deauthorized), all (every new device starts out authorized) or internal (internal devices start out authorized, external do not). Default: none


The USBGuard daemon modifies some attributes of controller devices like the default authorization state of new child device instances. Using this setting, you can control whether the daemon will try to restore the attribute values to the state before modification on shutdown. Default: false


Which device manager backend implementation to use. Backend should be one of uevent (default) or umockdev (useful for testing). UEvent backend is a netlink based implementation which uses sysfs to scan for present devices and an uevent socket for receiving USB device related events. UMockDev based device manager is capable of simulating devices based on umockdev-record files. Default: uevent

IPCAllowedUsers=username [username ...]

A space delimited list of usernames that the daemon will accept Ipc connections from. Default: root

IPCAllowedGroups=groupname [groupname ...]

A space delimited list of groupnames that the daemon will accept Ipc connections from.


The files at this location will be interpreted by the daemon as Ipc access control definition files. See the Ipc Access Control section for more details.


Generate device specific rules including the "via-port" attribute. Default: false


USBGuard audit events log backend. The backend value should be one of FileAudit or LinuxAudit. Default: FileAudit


USBGuard audit events log file path. Required if AuditBackend is set to FileAudit. Default: %localstatedir%/log/usbguard/usbguard-audit.log


Hides personally identifiable information such as device serial numbers and hashes of descriptors (which include the serial number) from audit entries. Default: false

Security Considerations


The daemon provides the USBGuard public IPC interface. Depending on your distribution defaults, access to this interface is limited to a certain group or a specific user only. Please set either the IPCAllowedUsers, IPCAllowedGroups or IPCAccessControlFiles options to limit access to the IPC interface. Do not leave the ACL unconfigured as that will expose the IPC interface to all local users and will allow them to manipulate the authorization state of USB devices and modify the USBGuard policy.

RestoreControllerDeviceState configuration option

If set to true, the USB authorization policy could be bypassed by performing some sort of attack on the daemon (via a local exploit or via a USB device) to make it shutdown and restore to the operating-system default state (known to be permissive).

Ipc Access Control

Access to the USBGuard Ipc interface can be limited per user or group. Furthermore, by using the Ipc Access Control files, it is possible to limit the access down to the level of Sections and Privileges as explained below.

Recommended: IPCAccessControlFiles

When you set IPCAccessControlFiles option, the daemon will look for Ipc access control files in the directory specified by the set value. Each file in the directory is processed as follows:

  1. The basename of the file is interpreted as a username, UID, groupname or GID. If the name starts with : (colon), it is assumed that the rest of the name represents a group identifier (groupname or GID in case of a numeric-only string). Otherwise, it is interpreted as a user identifier (username or UID in case of numeric-only string).
  2. The contents of the file are parsed as Section=[privilege1][,privilege2] ... formatted lines which specify the section privileges. If a section is omitted, it is assumed that no privileges are given for that section.

Available sections and privileges:

  • Devices
    • modify: Change authorization state of devices including permanent changes (i.e. modification of device specific rules in the policy).
    • list: Ability to get a list of recognized devices and their attributes.
    • listen: Listen to device presence and device policy changes.
  • Policy
    • modify: Append rules to or remove any rules from the policy.
    • list: Ability to view the currently enforced policy.
  • Exceptions
    • listen: Receive exception messages.
  • Parameters
    • modify: Set values of run-time parameters.
    • list: Get values of run-time parameters.
    • listen: Listen to property parameter changes.

The following is a generally usable and reasonably safe example of an access control file. It allows one to modify USB device authorization state (Devices=modify), list USB devices (Devices=list), listen to USB device related events (Devices=listen), list USB authorization policy rules (Policy=list) and listen to exception events (Exceptions=listen):


You can create or remove the Ipc access control files using usbguard add-user and usbguard remove-user CLI commands. See usbguard(1) for more details. If you want to create the Ipc access control files manually, you need to set the files permissions to 0600.

Legacy: IPCAllowedUsers and IPCAllowedGroups

Example configuration allowing full Ipc access to users root, joe and members of the group wheel:

IPCAllowedUsers=root joe

See Also

usbguard-daemon(8), usbguard-rules.conf(5)


If you find a bug in this software or if you’d like to request a feature to be implemented, please file a ticket at https://github.com/USBGuard/usbguard/issues/new.


USBGuard was originally written by Daniel Kopeček. Many people have contributed to it.


Main web site: https://usbguard.github.io/


License GPLv2+: GNU GPL version 2 or later http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

Referenced By

usbguard(1), usbguard-daemon(8), usbguard-rules.conf(5).