YAML is a very powerful, yet concise notation for structured data. Its full specification is available at https://yaml.org/spec/1.2/spec.html. Thinkfan uses only a small subset of the full YAML syntax, so it may be helpful, but not strictly necessary for users to take a look at the spec.
The most important thing to note is that indentation is syntactically relevant. In particular, tabs should not be mixed with spaces. We recommend using two spaces for indentation, like it is shown below.
The thinkfan config has three main sections:
Where temperatures should be read from. All hwmon-style drivers are supported, as well as /proc/acpi/ibm/thermal, and, depending on the compile-time options, libatasmart (to read temperatures directly from hard disks) and NVML (via the proprietary nvidia driver).
Which fans should be used (currently only one allowed). Support for multiple fans is currently in development and planned for a future release. Both hwmon-style PWM controls and /proc/acpi/ibm/fan can be used.
Maps temperatures to fan speeds. A “simple mapping” just specifies one temperature as the lower and upper bound (respectively) for a given fan speed. In a “detailed mapping”, the upper and lower bounds are specified for each driver/sensor configured under sensors:. This mode should be used when thinkfan is monitoring multiple devices that can tolerate different amounts of heat.
Under each of these sections, there must be a list of key-value maps, each of which configures a sensor driver, fan driver or fan speed mapping.
Sensor & Fan Drivers
For thinkfan to work, it first needs to know which temperature sensor drivers and which fan drivers it should use. The mapping between temperature readings and fan speeds is specified in a separate config section (see the Fan Speeds section below).
The entries under the sensors: section can specify hwmon, thinkpad_acpi, NVML or atasmart drivers, where the latter two must be enabled at compile-time. There can be any number (greater than zero) and combination of hwmon, tpacpi, nvml and atasmart entries. However there may be at most one instance of the tpacpi entry.
sensors: - hwmon: hwmon-path name: hwmon-name indices: index-list correction: correction-list optional: bool-allow-errors - tpacpi: /proc/acpi/ibm/thermal indices: index-list correction: correction-list optional: bool-allow-errors - nvml: nvml-bus-id correction: correction-list optional: bool-allow-errors - atasmart: disk-device-file correction: correction-list optional: bool-allow-errors - ...
Currently, thinkfan supports only one fan, so there can be only one entry in the list. Support for multiple fans is currently in development and planned for a future release. The fan is either an hwmon fan:
fans: - hwmon: hwmon-path name: hwmon-name indices: index-list
or a tpacpi fan:
fans: - tpacpi: /proc/acpi/ibm/fan
There are three ways of specifying hwmon fans or sensors:
A full path of a “temp*_input” or “pwm*” file, like “/sys/class/hwmon/hwmon0/pwm1” or “/sys/class/hwmon/hwmon0/temp1_input”. In this case, the “indices: index-list” and “name: hwmon-name” entries are unncessary since the path uniquely identifies a specific fan or sensor.
Note that this method may lead to problems when the load order of the drivers changes across bootups, because in the “hwmonX” folder name, the X actually corresponds to the load order. Use method 2) or 3) to avoid this problem.
A directory that contains a specific hwmon driver, for example “/sys/devices/platform/nct6775.2592”. Note that this path does not contain the load-order dependent “hwmonX” folder. As long as it contains only a single hwmon driver/interface it is sufficient to specify the “indices: index-list” entry to tell thinkfan which specific sensors to use from that interface. The “name: hwmon-name” entry is unnecessary.
A directory that contains multiple or all of the hwmon drivers, for example “/sys/class/hwmon”. Here, both the “name: hwmon-name” and “indices: index-list” entries are required to tell thinkfan which interface to select below that path, and which sensors or which fan to use from that interface.
The name of a hwmon interface, typically found in a file called “name”. This has to be specified if hwmon-path is a base path that contains multiple hwmons. This method of specifying sensors is particularly useful if the full path to a particular hwmon keeps changing between bootups, e.g. due to changing load order of the driver modules.
A YAML list [ X1, X2, ... ] that specifies which sensors, resp. which fan to use from a given interface. Both /proc/acpi/ibm/thermal and also many hwmon interfaces contain multiple sensors, and not all of them may be relevant for fan control.
For hwmon entries, this is required if hwmon-path does not refer directly to a single “tempXi_input” file, but to a folder that contains one or more of them. In this case, index-list specifies the Xi for the “tempXi_input” files that should be used. A hwmon interface may also contain multiple PWM controls for fans, so in that case, index-list must contain exactly one entry.
For tpacpi sensors, this entry is optional. If it is omitted, all temperatures found in /proc/acpi/ibm/thermal will be used.
NOTE: only available if thinkfan was compiled with USE_NVML enabled.
The PCI bus ID of an nVidia graphics card that is run with the proprietary nVidia driver. Can be obtained with e.g. “lspci | grep -i vga”. Usually, nVidia cards will use the open source nouveau driver, which should support hwmon sensors instead.
NOTE: only available if thinkfan was compiled with USE_ATASMART enabled.
Full path to a device file for a hard disk that supports S.M.A.R.T. See also the -d option in thinkfan(1) that prevents thinkfan from waking up sleeping (mechanical) disks to read their temperature.
- correction-list (always optional)
A YAML list that specifies temperature offsets for each sensor in use by the given driver. Use this if you want to use the “simple” level syntax, but need to compensate for devices with a lower heat tolerance. Note however that the detailed level syntax is usually the better (i.e. more fine-grained) choice.
- bool-allow-errors (always optional, false by default)
A truth value (yes/no/true/false) that specifies whether thinkfan should accept errors when reading from this sensor. Normally, thinkfan will exit with an error message if reading the temperature from any configured sensor fails. Marking a sensor as optional may be useful for removable hardware or devices that may get switched off entirely to save power.
The levels: section specifies a list of fan speeds with associated lower and upper temperature bounds. If temperature(s) drop below the lower bound, thinkfan switches to the previous level, and if the upper bound is reached, thinkfan switches to the next level.
In the simplified form, only one temperature is specified as an upper/lower limit for a given fan speed. In that case, the lower-bound and upper-bound are compared only to the highest temperature found among all configured sensors. All other temperatures are ignored. This mode is suitable for small systems (like laptops) where there is only one device (e.g. the CPU) whose temperature needs to be controlled, or where the required fan behaviour is similar enough for all heat-generating devices.
levels: - [ fan-speed, lower-bound, upper-bound ] - ...
This mode is suitable for more complex systems, with devices that have different temperature ratings. For example, many modern CPUs and GPUs can deal with temperatures above 80°C on a daily basis, whereas a hard disk will die quickly if it reaches such temperatures. In detailed mode, upper and lower temperature limits are specified for each sensor individually:
levels: - speed: fan-speed lower_limit: [ l1, l2, ... ] upper_limit: [ u1, u2, ... ] - ...
The possible speed values are different depending on which fan driver is used.
For a hwmon fan, fan-speed is a numeric value ranging from 0 to 255, corresponding to the PWM values accepted by the various kernel drivers.
For a tpacpi fan on Lenovo/IBM ThinkPads and some other Lenovo laptops (see SENSORS & FAN DRIVERS above), numeric values and strings can be used. The numeric values range from 0 to 7. The string values take the form "level lvl-id", where lvl-id may be a value from 0 to 7, auto, full-speed or disengaged. The numeric values 0 to 7 correspond to the regular fan speeds used by the firmware, although many firmwares don't even use level 7. The value "level auto" gives control back to the firmware, which may be useful if the fan behavior only needs to be changed for certain specific temperature ranges (usually at the high and low end of the range). The values "level full-speed" and "level disengaged" take the fan speed control away from the firmware, causing the fan to slowly ramp up to an absolute maximum that can be achieved within electrical limits. Note that this will run the fan out of specification and cause increased wear, though it may be helpful to combat thermal throttling.
- l1, l2, ...
- u1, u2, ...
The lower and upper limits refer to the sensors in the same order in which they were found when processing the sensors: section (see SENSOR & FAN DRIVERS above). For the first level entry, the lower_limit may be omitted, and for the last one, the upper_limit may be omitted. For all levels in between, the lower limits must overlap with the upper limits of the previous level, to make sure the entire temperature range is covered and that there is some hysteresis between speed levels.
The thinkfan manpage: thinkfan(1) Example configs shipped with the source distribution, also available at: https://github.com/vmatare/thinkfan/tree/master/examples The Linux hwmon user interface documentation: https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/hwmon/sysfs-interface.html The thinkpad_acpi interface documenation: https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/admin-guide/laptops/thinkpad-acpi.html
Report bugs on the github issue tracker: https://github.com/vmatare/thinkfan/issues