table man page

table — format description for smtpd tables

Description

This manual page documents the file format for the various tables used in the smtpd(8) mail daemon.

The format described here applies to tables as defined in smtpd.conf(5).

Table Types

There are two types of tables: lists and mappings. A list consists of a series of values, while a mapping consists of a series of keys and their associated values. The following illustrates how to declare them as static tables:

table mylist { value1, value2, value3 }
table mymapping { key1 = value1, key2 = value2, key3 = value3 }

When using a Ql file table, a list will be written with each value on a line by itself:

value1
value2
value3

A mapping will be written with each key and value on a line, whitespaces separating both columns:

key1value1
key2value2
key3value3

A file table can be converted to a Berkeley database using the makemap(8) utility with no syntax change.

Tables using a Ql file or Berkeley DB backend will be referenced as follows:

table name file:/path/to/file
table name db:/path/to/file.db

Aliasing tables

Aliasing tables are mappings that associate a recipient to one or many destinations. They can be used in two contexts: primary domain aliases and virtual domain mapping.

accept for domain example.org alias <myaliases> deliver to mbox
accept for domain example.org virtual <myaliases> deliver to mbox

In a primary domain context, the key is the user part of the recipient address, whilst the value is one or many recipients as described in aliases(5):

user1otheruser
user2otheruser1,otheruser2
user3otheruser@example.com

In a virtual domain context, the key is either a user part, a full email address or a catch all, following selection rules described in smtpd.conf(5), and the value is one or many recipients as described in aliases(5):

user1otheruser
user2@example.orgotheruser1,otheruser2
@example.orgotheruser@example.com
@catchall@example.com

Domain tables

Domain tables are simple lists of domains. They can only be used in one context:

accept for domain <mydomains> deliver to mbox

In that context, the list of domains will be matched against the recipient domain. For Ql static, Ql file and dbopen(3) backends, a wildcard may be used so the domain table may contain:

example.org
*.example.org

Credentials tables

Credentials tables are mappings of credentials. They can be used in two contexts:

listen on tls [...] auth <credentials>
accept for any relay tls+auth://label@host auth <credentials>

In a listener context, the credentials are a mapping of username and encrypted passwords:

user1$2a$06$hIJ4QfMcp.90nJwKqGbKM.MybArjHOTpEtoTV.DgLYAiThuoYmTSe
user2$2a$06$bwSmUOBGcZGamIfRuXGTvuTo3VLbPG9k5yeKNMBtULBhksV5KdGsK

The passwords are to be encrypted using the smtpctl(8) encrypt subcommand.

In a relay context, the credentials are a mapping of labels and username:password pairs, where the username may be omitted if identical to the label:

label1user:password
label2password

The label must be unique and is used as a selector for the proper credentials when multiple credentials are valid for a single destination. The password is not encrypted as it must be provided to the remote host.

Netaddr tables

Netaddr tables are lists of IPv4 and IPv6 network addresses. They can only be used in the following context:

accept from source <netaddr> for domain example.org deliver to mbox

When used as a "from source", the address of a client is compared to the list of addresses in the table until a match is found.

A netaddr table can contain exact addresses or netmasks, and looks as follow:

192.168.1.1
::1
ipv6:::1
192.168.1.0/24

Userinfo tables

User info tables are used to described virtual system users. They are used in rule context to specify an alternate user base, mapping virtual users to local system UID, GID and home directory.

accept for domain example.org userbase <userinfo> deliver to maildir

The userinfo table is a mapping from virtual user names to a set of system user ID, group ID and path to home directory.

A userinfo table looks as follows:

joe1000:100:/home/virtual/joe
jack1000:100:/home/virtual/jack

In this example, both joe and jack are virtual users mapped to the local system user with UID 1000 and GID 100, but different home directories. These directories may contain a forward(5) file.

Source tables

Source tables are lists of IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. They can only be used in the following context:

accept for domain example.org relay source <addresses>

Successive queries to the source table will return the elements one by one.

A source table looks as follow:

192.168.1.2
192.168.1.3
::1
::2
ipv6:::3
ipv6:::4

Mailaddr tables

Mailaddr tables are lists of email addresses. They can be used in the following contexts:

accept sender <senders> for domain example.org deliver to mbox
accept for domain example.org recipient <recipients> deliver to mbox

A mailaddr entry is used to match an email address against a username, a domain or a full email address. A "*" wildcard may be used in part of the domain name.

A mailaddr table looks as follow:

user
@domain
user@domain
user@*.domain

Addrname tables

Addrname tables are used to map IP addresses to hostnames. They can be used in both listen context and relay context:

listen on 0.0.0.0 hostnames <addrname>
accept for any relay hostnames <addrname>

In listen context, the table is used to look up the server name to advertise depending on the local address of the socket on which a connection is accepted. In relay context, the table is used to determine the hostname for the HELO sequence of the SMTP protocol, depending on the local address used for the outgoing connection.

The format is a mapping from inet4 or inet6 addresses to hostnames:

::1localhost
127.0.0.1localhost
88.190.23.165www.opensmtpd.org

See Also

smtpd.conf(5), makemap(8), smtpd(8)

Referenced By

makemap.opensmtpd(8), smtpd.conf(5).

$Mdocdate: November 30 2015 $