sssd-ldap man page

sssd-ldap — SSSD LDAP provider

Description

This manual page describes the configuration of LDAP domains for sssd(8). Refer to the “FILE FORMAT” section of the sssd.conf(5) manual page for detailed syntax information.

You can configure SSSD to use more than one LDAP domain.

LDAP back end supports id, auth, access and chpass providers. If you want to authenticate against an LDAP server either TLS/SSL or LDAPS is required. sssd does not support authentication over an unencrypted channel. If the LDAP server is used only as an identity provider, an encrypted channel is not needed. Please refer to “ldap_access_filter” config option for more information about using LDAP as an access provider.

Configuration Options

All of the common configuration options that apply to SSSD domains also apply to LDAP domains. Refer to the “DOMAIN SECTIONS” section of the sssd.conf(5) manual page for full details.

ldap_uri, ldap_backup_uri (string)

Specifies the comma-separated list of URIs of the LDAP servers to which SSSD should connect in the order of preference. Refer to the “Failover” section for more information on failover and server redundancy. If neither option is specified, service discovery is enabled. For more information, refer to the “Service Discovery” section.

The format of the URI must match the format defined in RFC 2732:

ldap[s]://<host>[:port]

For explicit IPv6 addresses, <host> must be enclosed in brackets []

example: ldap://[fc00::126:25]:389

ldap_chpass_uri, ldap_chpass_backup_uri (string)

Specifies the comma-separated list of URIs of the LDAP servers to which SSSD should connect in the order of preference to change the password of a user. Refer to the “Failover” section for more information on failover and server redundancy.

To enable service discovery ldap_chpass_dns_service_name must be set.

Default: empty, i.e. ldap_uri is used.

ldap_search_base (string)

The default base DN to use for performing LDAP user operations.

Starting with SSSD 1.7.0, SSSD supports multiple search bases using the syntax:

search_base[?scope?[filter][?search_base?scope?[filter]]*]

The scope can be one of "base", "onelevel" or "subtree".

The filter must be a valid LDAP search filter as specified by http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2254.txt

Examples:

ldap_search_base = dc=example,dc=com (which is equivalent to) ldap_search_base = dc=example,dc=com?subtree?

ldap_search_base = cn=host_specific,dc=example,dc=com?subtree?(host=thishost)?dc=example.com?subtree?

Note: It is unsupported to have multiple search bases which reference identically-named objects (for example, groups with the same name in two different search bases). This will lead to unpredictable behavior on client machines.

Default: If not set, the value of the defaultNamingContext or namingContexts attribute from the RootDSE of the LDAP server is used. If defaultNamingContext does not exist or has an empty value namingContexts is used. The namingContexts attribute must have a single value with the DN of the search base of the LDAP server to make this work. Multiple values are are not supported.

ldap_schema (string)

Specifies the Schema Type in use on the target LDAP server. Depending on the selected schema, the default attribute names retrieved from the servers may vary. The way that some attributes are handled may also differ.

Four schema types are currently supported:

· rfc2307

· rfc2307bis

· IPA

· AD

The main difference between these schema types is how group memberships are recorded in the server. With rfc2307, group members are listed by name in the memberUid attribute. With rfc2307bis and IPA, group members are listed by DN and stored in the member attribute. The AD schema type sets the attributes to correspond with Active Directory 2008r2 values.

Default: rfc2307

ldap_default_bind_dn (string)

The default bind DN to use for performing LDAP operations.

ldap_default_authtok_type (string)

The type of the authentication token of the default bind DN.

The two mechanisms currently supported are:

password

obfuscated_password

Default: password

ldap_default_authtok (string)

The authentication token of the default bind DN. Only clear text passwords are currently supported.

ldap_user_object_class (string)

The object class of a user entry in LDAP.

Default: posixAccount

ldap_user_name (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the user's login name.

Default: uid (rfc2307, rfc2307bis and IPA), sAMAccountName (AD)

ldap_user_uid_number (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the user's id.

Default: uidNumber

ldap_user_gid_number (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the user's primary group id.

Default: gidNumber

ldap_user_primary_group (string)

Active Directory primary group attribute for ID-mapping. Note that this attribute should only be set manually if you are running the “ldap” provider with ID mapping.

Default: unset (LDAP), primaryGroupID (AD)

ldap_user_gecos (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the user's gecos field.

Default: gecos

ldap_user_home_directory (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the name of the user's home directory.

Default: homeDirectory

ldap_user_shell (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the path to the user's default shell.

Default: loginShell

ldap_user_uuid (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the UUID/GUID of an LDAP user object.

Default: not set in the general case, objectGUID for AD and ipaUniqueID for IPA

ldap_user_objectsid (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the objectSID of an LDAP user object. This is usually only necessary for ActiveDirectory servers.

Default: objectSid for ActiveDirectory, not set for other servers.

ldap_user_modify_timestamp (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains timestamp of the last modification of the parent object.

Default: modifyTimestamp

ldap_user_shadow_last_change (string)

When using ldap_pwd_policy=shadow, this parameter contains the name of an LDAP attribute corresponding to its shadow(5) counterpart (date of the last password change).

Default: shadowLastChange

ldap_user_shadow_min (string)

When using ldap_pwd_policy=shadow, this parameter contains the name of an LDAP attribute corresponding to its shadow(5) counterpart (minimum password age).

Default: shadowMin

ldap_user_shadow_max (string)

When using ldap_pwd_policy=shadow, this parameter contains the name of an LDAP attribute corresponding to its shadow(5) counterpart (maximum password age).

Default: shadowMax

ldap_user_shadow_warning (string)

When using ldap_pwd_policy=shadow, this parameter contains the name of an LDAP attribute corresponding to its shadow(5) counterpart (password warning period).

Default: shadowWarning

ldap_user_shadow_inactive (string)

When using ldap_pwd_policy=shadow, this parameter contains the name of an LDAP attribute corresponding to its shadow(5) counterpart (password inactivity period).

Default: shadowInactive

ldap_user_shadow_expire (string)

When using ldap_pwd_policy=shadow or ldap_account_expire_policy=shadow, this parameter contains the name of an LDAP attribute corresponding to its shadow(5) counterpart (account expiration date).

Default: shadowExpire

ldap_user_krb_last_pwd_change (string)

When using ldap_pwd_policy=mit_kerberos, this parameter contains the name of an LDAP attribute storing the date and time of last password change in kerberos.

Default: krbLastPwdChange

ldap_user_krb_password_expiration (string)

When using ldap_pwd_policy=mit_kerberos, this parameter contains the name of an LDAP attribute storing the date and time when current password expires.

Default: krbPasswordExpiration

ldap_user_ad_account_expires (string)

When using ldap_account_expire_policy=ad, this parameter contains the name of an LDAP attribute storing the expiration time of the account.

Default: accountExpires

ldap_user_ad_user_account_control (string)

When using ldap_account_expire_policy=ad, this parameter contains the name of an LDAP attribute storing the user account control bit field.

Default: userAccountControl

ldap_ns_account_lock (string)

When using ldap_account_expire_policy=rhds or equivalent, this parameter determines if access is allowed or not.

Default: nsAccountLock

ldap_user_nds_login_disabled (string)

When using ldap_account_expire_policy=nds, this attribute determines if access is allowed or not.

Default: loginDisabled

ldap_user_nds_login_expiration_time (string)

When using ldap_account_expire_policy=nds, this attribute determines until which date access is granted.

Default: loginDisabled

ldap_user_nds_login_allowed_time_map (string)

When using ldap_account_expire_policy=nds, this attribute determines the hours of a day in a week when access is granted.

Default: loginAllowedTimeMap

ldap_user_principal (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the user's Kerberos User Principal Name (UPN).

Default: krbPrincipalName

ldap_user_extra_attrs (string)

Comma-separated list of LDAP attributes that SSSD would fetch along with the usual set of user attributes.

The list can either contain LDAP attribute names only, or colon-separated tuples of SSSD cache attribute name and LDAP attribute name. In case only LDAP attribute name is specified, the attribute is saved to the cache verbatim. Using a custom SSSD attribute name might be required by environments that configure several SSSD domains with different LDAP schemas.

Please note that several attribute names are reserved by SSSD, notably the “name” attribute. SSSD would report an error if any of the reserved attribute names is used as an extra attribute name.

Examples:

ldap_user_extra_attrs = telephoneNumber

Save the “telephoneNumber” attribute from LDAP as “telephoneNumber” to the cache.

ldap_user_extra_attrs = phone:telephoneNumber

Save the “telephoneNumber” attribute from LDAP as “phone” to the cache.

Default: not set

ldap_user_ssh_public_key (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the user's SSH public keys.

Default: sshPublicKey

ldap_force_upper_case_realm (boolean)

Some directory servers, for example Active Directory, might deliver the realm part of the UPN in lower case, which might cause the authentication to fail. Set this option to a non-zero value if you want to use an upper-case realm.

Default: false

ldap_enumeration_refresh_timeout (integer)

Specifies how many seconds SSSD has to wait before refreshing its cache of enumerated records.

Default: 300

ldap_purge_cache_timeout (integer)

Determine how often to check the cache for inactive entries (such as groups with no members and users who have never logged in) and remove them to save space.

Setting this option to zero will disable the cache cleanup operation. Please note that if enumeration is enabled, the cleanup task is required in order to detect entries removed from the server and can't be disabled. By default, the cleanup task will run every 3 hours with enumeration enabled.

Default: 0 (disabled)

ldap_user_fullname (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the user's full name.

Default: cn

ldap_user_member_of (string)

The LDAP attribute that lists the user's group memberships.

Default: memberOf

ldap_user_authorized_service (string)

If access_provider=ldap and ldap_access_order=authorized_service, SSSD will use the presence of the authorizedService attribute in the user's LDAP entry to determine access privilege.

An explicit deny (!svc) is resolved first. Second, SSSD searches for explicit allow (svc) and finally for allow_all (*).

Please note that the ldap_access_order configuration option must include “authorized_service” in order for the ldap_user_authorized_service option to work.

Default: authorizedService

ldap_user_authorized_host (string)

If access_provider=ldap and ldap_access_order=host, SSSD will use the presence of the host attribute in the user's LDAP entry to determine access privilege.

An explicit deny (!host) is resolved first. Second, SSSD searches for explicit allow (host) and finally for allow_all (*).

Please note that the ldap_access_order configuration option must include “host” in order for the ldap_user_authorized_host option to work.

Default: host

ldap_user_certificate (string)

Name of the LDAP attribute containing the X509 certificate of the user.

Default: no set in the general case, userCertificate;binary for IPA

ldap_user_email (string)

Name of the LDAP attribute containing the email address of the user.

Default: mail

ldap_group_object_class (string)

The object class of a group entry in LDAP.

Default: posixGroup

ldap_group_name (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the group name.

Default: cn (rfc2307, rfc2307bis and IPA), sAMAccountName (AD)

ldap_group_gid_number (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the group's id.

Default: gidNumber

ldap_group_member (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the names of the group's members.

Default: memberuid (rfc2307) / member (rfc2307bis)

ldap_group_uuid (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the UUID/GUID of an LDAP group object.

Default: not set in the general case, objectGUID for AD and ipaUniqueID for IPA

ldap_group_objectsid (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the objectSID of an LDAP group object. This is usually only necessary for ActiveDirectory servers.

Default: objectSid for ActiveDirectory, not set for other servers.

ldap_group_modify_timestamp (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains timestamp of the last modification of the parent object.

Default: modifyTimestamp

ldap_group_type (integer)

The LDAP attribute that contains an integer value indicating the type of the group and maybe other flags.

This attribute is currently only used by the AD provider to determine if a group is a domain local groups and has to be filtered out for trusted domains.

Default: groupType in the AD provider, othewise not set

ldap_group_external_member (string)

The LDAP attribute that references group members that are defined in an external domain. At the moment, only IPA's external members are supported.

Default: ipaExternalMember in the IPA provider, otherwise unset.

ldap_group_nesting_level (integer)

If ldap_schema is set to a schema format that supports nested groups (e.g. RFC2307bis), then this option controls how many levels of nesting SSSD will follow. This option has no effect on the RFC2307 schema.

Note: This option specifies the guaranteed level of nested groups to be processed for any lookup. However, nested groups beyond this limit may be returned if previous lookups already resolved the deeper nesting levels. Also, subsequent lookups for other groups may enlarge the result set for original lookup if re-queried.

If ldap_group_nesting_level is set to 0 then no nested groups are processed at all. However, when connected to Active-Directory Server 2008 and later using “id_provider=ad” it is furthermore required to disable usage of Token-Groups by setting ldap_use_tokengroups to false in order to restrict group nesting.

Default: 2

ldap_groups_use_matching_rule_in_chain

This option tells SSSD to take advantage of an Active Directory-specific feature which may speed up group lookup operations on deployments with complex or deep nested groups.

In most common cases, it is best to leave this option disabled. It generally only provides a performance increase on very complex nestings.

If this option is enabled, SSSD will use it if it detects that the server supports it during initial connection. So "True" here essentially means "auto-detect".

Note: This feature is currently known to work only with Active Directory 2008 R1 and later. See MSDN(TM) documentation[1] for more details.

Default: False

ldap_initgroups_use_matching_rule_in_chain

This option tells SSSD to take advantage of an Active Directory-specific feature which might speed up initgroups operations (most notably when dealing with complex or deep nested groups).

If this option is enabled, SSSD will use it if it detects that the server supports it during initial connection. So "True" here essentially means "auto-detect".

Note: This feature is currently known to work only with Active Directory 2008 R1 and later. See MSDN(TM) documentation[1] for more details.

Default: False

ldap_use_tokengroups

This options enables or disables use of Token-Groups attribute when performing initgroup for users from Active Directory Server 2008 and later.

Default: True for AD and IPA otherwise False.

ldap_netgroup_object_class (string)

The object class of a netgroup entry in LDAP.

In IPA provider, ipa_netgroup_object_class should be used instead.

Default: nisNetgroup

ldap_netgroup_name (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the netgroup name.

In IPA provider, ipa_netgroup_name should be used instead.

Default: cn

ldap_netgroup_member (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the names of the netgroup's members.

In IPA provider, ipa_netgroup_member should be used instead.

Default: memberNisNetgroup

ldap_netgroup_triple (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the (host, user, domain) netgroup triples.

This option is not available in IPA provider.

Default: nisNetgroupTriple

ldap_netgroup_modify_timestamp (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains timestamp of the last modification of the parent object.

This option is not available in IPA provider.

Default: modifyTimestamp

ldap_service_object_class (string)

The object class of a service entry in LDAP.

Default: ipService

ldap_service_name (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the name of service attributes and their aliases.

Default: cn

ldap_service_port (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the port managed by this service.

Default: ipServicePort

ldap_service_proto (string)

The LDAP attribute that contains the protocols understood by this service.

Default: ipServiceProtocol

ldap_service_search_base (string)

An optional base DN, search scope and LDAP filter to restrict LDAP searches for this attribute type.

syntax:

search_base[?scope?[filter][?search_base?scope?[filter]]*]

The scope can be one of "base", "onelevel" or "subtree". The scope functions as specified in section 4.5.1.2 of http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4511

The filter must be a valid LDAP search filter as specified by http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2254.txt

For examples of this syntax, please refer to the “ldap_search_base” examples section.

Default: the value of ldap_search_base

Please note that specifying scope or filter is not supported for searches against an Active Directory Server that might yield a large number of results and trigger the Range Retrieval extension in the response.

ldap_search_timeout (integer)

Specifies the timeout (in seconds) that ldap searches are allowed to run before they are cancelled and cached results are returned (and offline mode is entered)

Note: this option is subject to change in future versions of the SSSD. It will likely be replaced at some point by a series of timeouts for specific lookup types.

Default: 6

ldap_enumeration_search_timeout (integer)

Specifies the timeout (in seconds) that ldap searches for user and group enumerations are allowed to run before they are cancelled and cached results are returned (and offline mode is entered)

Default: 60

ldap_network_timeout (integer)

Specifies the timeout (in seconds) after which the poll(2)/select(2) following a connect(2) returns in case of no activity.

Default: 6

ldap_opt_timeout (integer)

Specifies a timeout (in seconds) after which calls to synchronous LDAP APIs will abort if no response is received. Also controls the timeout when communicating with the KDC in case of SASL bind, the timeout of an LDAP bind operation, password change extended operation and the StartTLS operation.

Default: 6

ldap_connection_expire_timeout (integer)

Specifies a timeout (in seconds) that a connection to an LDAP server will be maintained. After this time, the connection will be re-established. If used in parallel with SASL/GSSAPI, the sooner of the two values (this value vs. the TGT lifetime) will be used.

Default: 900 (15 minutes)

ldap_page_size (integer)

Specify the number of records to retrieve from LDAP in a single request. Some LDAP servers enforce a maximum limit per-request.

Default: 1000

ldap_disable_paging (boolean)

Disable the LDAP paging control. This option should be used if the LDAP server reports that it supports the LDAP paging control in its RootDSE but it is not enabled or does not behave properly.

Example: OpenLDAP servers with the paging control module installed on the server but not enabled will report it in the RootDSE but be unable to use it.

Example: 389 DS has a bug where it can only support a one paging control at a time on a single connection. On busy clients, this can result in some requests being denied.

Default: False

ldap_disable_range_retrieval (boolean)

Disable Active Directory range retrieval.

Active Directory limits the number of members to be retrieved in a single lookup using the MaxValRange policy (which defaults to 1500 members). If a group contains more members, the reply would include an AD-specific range extension. This option disables parsing of the range extension, therefore large groups will appear as having no members.

Default: False

ldap_sasl_minssf (integer)

When communicating with an LDAP server using SASL, specify the minimum security level necessary to establish the connection. The values of this option are defined by OpenLDAP.

Default: Use the system default (usually specified by ldap.conf)

ldap_deref_threshold (integer)

Specify the number of group members that must be missing from the internal cache in order to trigger a dereference lookup. If less members are missing, they are looked up individually.

You can turn off dereference lookups completely by setting the value to 0.

A dereference lookup is a means of fetching all group members in a single LDAP call. Different LDAP servers may implement different dereference methods. The currently supported servers are 389/RHDS, OpenLDAP and Active Directory.

Note: If any of the search bases specifies a search filter, then the dereference lookup performance enhancement will be disabled regardless of this setting.

Default: 10

ldap_tls_reqcert (string)

Specifies what checks to perform on server certificates in a TLS session, if any. It can be specified as one of the following values:

never = The client will not request or check any server certificate.

allow = The server certificate is requested. If no certificate is provided, the session proceeds normally. If a bad certificate is provided, it will be ignored and the session proceeds normally.

try = The server certificate is requested. If no certificate is provided, the session proceeds normally. If a bad certificate is provided, the session is immediately terminated.

demand = The server certificate is requested. If no certificate is provided, or a bad certificate is provided, the session is immediately terminated.

hard = Same as “demand”

Default: hard

ldap_tls_cacert (string)

Specifies the file that contains certificates for all of the Certificate Authorities that sssd will recognize.

Default: use OpenLDAP defaults, typically in /etc/openldap/ldap.conf

ldap_tls_cacertdir (string)

Specifies the path of a directory that contains Certificate Authority certificates in separate individual files. Typically the file names need to be the hash of the certificate followed by '.0'. If available, cacertdir_rehash can be used to create the correct names.

Default: use OpenLDAP defaults, typically in /etc/openldap/ldap.conf

ldap_tls_cert (string)

Specifies the file that contains the certificate for the client's key.

Default: not set

ldap_tls_key (string)

Specifies the file that contains the client's key.

Default: not set

ldap_tls_cipher_suite (string)

Specifies acceptable cipher suites. Typically this is a colon separated list. See ldap.conf(5) for format.

Default: use OpenLDAP defaults, typically in /etc/openldap/ldap.conf

ldap_id_use_start_tls (boolean)

Specifies that the id_provider connection must also use tls to protect the channel.

Default: false

ldap_id_mapping (boolean)

Specifies that SSSD should attempt to map user and group IDs from the ldap_user_objectsid and ldap_group_objectsid attributes instead of relying on ldap_user_uid_number and ldap_group_gid_number.

Currently this feature supports only ActiveDirectory objectSID mapping.

Default: false

ldap_min_id, ldap_max_id (interger)

In contrast to the SID based ID mapping which is used if ldap_id_mapping is set to true the allowed ID range for ldap_user_uid_number and ldap_group_gid_number is unbound. In a setup with sub/trusted-domains this might lead to ID collisions. To avoid collisions ldap_min_id and ldap_max_id can be set to restrict the allowed range for the IDs which are read directly from the server. Sub-domains can then pick other ranges to map IDs.

Default: not set (both options are set to 0)

ldap_sasl_mech (string)

Specify the SASL mechanism to use. Currently only GSSAPI is tested and supported.

Default: not set

ldap_sasl_authid (string)

Specify the SASL authorization id to use. When GSSAPI is used, this represents the Kerberos principal used for authentication to the directory. This option can either contain the full principal (for example host/myhost@Example.COM) or just the principal name (for example host/myhost).

Default: host/hostname@REALM

ldap_sasl_realm (string)

Specify the SASL realm to use. When not specified, this option defaults to the value of krb5_realm. If the ldap_sasl_authid contains the realm as well, this option is ignored.

Default: the value of krb5_realm.

ldap_sasl_canonicalize (boolean)

If set to true, the LDAP library would perform a reverse lookup to canonicalize the host name during a SASL bind.

Default: false;

ldap_krb5_keytab (string)

Specify the keytab to use when using SASL/GSSAPI.

Default: System keytab, normally /etc/krb5.keytab

ldap_krb5_init_creds (boolean)

Specifies that the id_provider should init Kerberos credentials (TGT). This action is performed only if SASL is used and the mechanism selected is GSSAPI.

Default: true

ldap_krb5_ticket_lifetime (integer)

Specifies the lifetime in seconds of the TGT if GSSAPI is used.

Default: 86400 (24 hours)

krb5_server, krb5_backup_server (string)

Specifies the comma-separated list of IP addresses or hostnames of the Kerberos servers to which SSSD should connect in the order of preference. For more information on failover and server redundancy, see the “Failover” section. An optional port number (preceded by a colon) may be appended to the addresses or hostnames. If empty, service discovery is enabled - for more information, refer to the “Service Discovery” section.

When using service discovery for KDC or kpasswd servers, SSSD first searches for DNS entries that specify _udp as the protocol and falls back to _tcp if none are found.

This option was named “krb5_kdcip” in earlier releases of SSSD. While the legacy name is recognized for the time being, users are advised to migrate their config files to use “krb5_server” instead.

krb5_realm (string)

Specify the Kerberos REALM (for SASL/GSSAPI auth).

Default: System defaults, see /etc/krb5.conf

krb5_canonicalize (boolean)

Specifies if the host principal should be canonicalized when connecting to LDAP server. This feature is available with MIT Kerberos >= 1.7

Default: false

krb5_use_kdcinfo (boolean)

Specifies if the SSSD should instruct the Kerberos libraries what realm and which KDCs to use. This option is on by default, if you disable it, you need to configure the Kerberos library using the krb5.conf(5) configuration file.

See the sssd_krb5_locator_plugin(8) manual page for more information on the locator plugin.

Default: true

ldap_pwd_policy (string)

Select the policy to evaluate the password expiration on the client side. The following values are allowed:

none - No evaluation on the client side. This option cannot disable server-side password policies.

shadow - Use shadow(5) style attributes to evaluate if the password has expired.

mit_kerberos - Use the attributes used by MIT Kerberos to determine if the password has expired. Use chpass_provider=krb5 to update these attributes when the password is changed.

Default: none

Note: if a password policy is configured on server side, it always takes precedence over policy set with this option.

ldap_referrals (boolean)

Specifies whether automatic referral chasing should be enabled.

Please note that sssd only supports referral chasing when it is compiled with OpenLDAP version 2.4.13 or higher.

Chasing referrals may incur a performance penalty in environments that use them heavily, a notable example is Microsoft Active Directory. If your setup does not in fact require the use of referrals, setting this option to false might bring a noticeable performance improvement.

Default: true

ldap_dns_service_name (string)

Specifies the service name to use when service discovery is enabled.

Default: ldap

ldap_chpass_dns_service_name (string)

Specifies the service name to use to find an LDAP server which allows password changes when service discovery is enabled.

Default: not set, i.e. service discovery is disabled

ldap_chpass_update_last_change (bool)

Specifies whether to update the ldap_user_shadow_last_change attribute with days since the Epoch after a password change operation.

Default: False

ldap_access_filter (string)

If using access_provider = ldap and ldap_access_order = filter (default), this option is mandatory. It specifies an LDAP search filter criteria that must be met for the user to be granted access on this host. If access_provider = ldap, ldap_access_order = filter and this option is not set, it will result in all users being denied access. Use access_provider = permit to change this default behavior. Please note that this filter is applied on the LDAP user entry only and thus filtering based on nested groups may not work (e.g. memberOf attribute on AD entries points only to direct parents). If filtering based on nested groups is required, please see sssd-simple(5).

Example:

access_provider = ldap
ldap_access_filter = (employeeType=admin)

This example means that access to this host is restricted to users whose employeeType attribute is set to "admin".

Offline caching for this feature is limited to determining whether the user's last online login was granted access permission. If they were granted access during their last login, they will continue to be granted access while offline and vice-versa.

Default: Empty

ldap_account_expire_policy (string)

With this option a client side evaluation of access control attributes can be enabled.

Please note that it is always recommended to use server side access control, i.e. the LDAP server should deny the bind request with a suitable error code even if the password is correct.

The following values are allowed:

shadow: use the value of ldap_user_shadow_expire to determine if the account is expired.

ad: use the value of the 32bit field ldap_user_ad_user_account_control and allow access if the second bit is not set. If the attribute is missing access is granted. Also the expiration time of the account is checked.

rhds, ipa, 389ds: use the value of ldap_ns_account_lock to check if access is allowed or not.

nds: the values of ldap_user_nds_login_allowed_time_map, ldap_user_nds_login_disabled and ldap_user_nds_login_expiration_time are used to check if access is allowed. If both attributes are missing access is granted. This is an experimental feature, please use http://fedorahosted.org/sssd to report any issues.

Please note that the ldap_access_order configuration option must include “expire” in order for the ldap_account_expire_policy option to work.

Default: Empty

ldap_access_order (string)

Comma separated list of access control options. Allowed values are:

filter: use ldap_access_filter

lockout: use account locking. If set, this option denies access in case that ldap attribute 'pwdAccountLockedTime' is present and has value of '000001010000Z'. Please see the option ldap_pwdlockout_dn. Please note that 'access_provider = ldap' must be set for this feature to work.

Please note that this option is superseded by the “ppolicy” option and might be removed in a future release.

ppolicy: use account locking. If set, this option denies access in case that ldap attribute 'pwdAccountLockedTime' is present and has value of '000001010000Z' or represents any time in the past. The value of the 'pwdAccountLockedTime' attribute must end with 'Z', which denotes the UTC time zone. Other time zones are not currently supported and will result in "access-denied" when users attempt to log in. Please see the option ldap_pwdlockout_dn. Please note that 'access_provider = ldap' must be set for this feature to work.

expire: use ldap_account_expire_policy

pwd_expire_policy_reject, pwd_expire_policy_warn, pwd_expire_policy_renew: These options are useful if users are interested in being warned that password is about to expire and authentication is based on using a different method than passwords - for example SSH keys.

The difference between these options is the action taken if user password is expired: pwd_expire_policy_reject - user is denied to log in, pwd_expire_policy_warn - user is still able to log in, pwd_expire_policy_renew - user is prompted to change his password immediately.

Note If user password is expired no explicit message is prompted by SSSD.

Please note that 'access_provider = ldap' must be set for this feature to work. Also 'ldap_pwd_policy' must be set to an appropriate password policy.

authorized_service: use the authorizedService attribute to determine access

host: use the host attribute to determine access

Default: filter

Please note that it is a configuration error if a value is used more than once.

ldap_pwdlockout_dn (string)

This option specifies the DN of password policy entry on LDAP server. Please note that absence of this option in sssd.conf in case of enabled account lockout checking will yield access denied as ppolicy attributes on LDAP server cannot be checked properly.

Example: cn=ppolicy,ou=policies,dc=example,dc=com

Default: cn=ppolicy,ou=policies,$ldap_search_base

ldap_deref (string)

Specifies how alias dereferencing is done when performing a search. The following options are allowed:

never: Aliases are never dereferenced.

searching: Aliases are dereferenced in subordinates of the base object, but not in locating the base object of the search.

finding: Aliases are only dereferenced when locating the base object of the search.

always: Aliases are dereferenced both in searching and in locating the base object of the search.

Default: Empty (this is handled as never by the LDAP client libraries)

ldap_rfc2307_fallback_to_local_users (boolean)

Allows to retain local users as members of an LDAP group for servers that use the RFC2307 schema.

In some environments where the RFC2307 schema is used, local users are made members of LDAP groups by adding their names to the memberUid attribute. The self-consistency of the domain is compromised when this is done, so SSSD would normally remove the "missing" users from the cached group memberships as soon as nsswitch tries to fetch information about the user via getpw*() or initgroups() calls.

This option falls back to checking if local users are referenced, and caches them so that later initgroups() calls will augment the local users with the additional LDAP groups.

Default: false

wildcart_limit (integer)

Specifies an upper limit on the number of entries that are downloaded during a wildcard lookup.

At the moment, only the InfoPipe responder supports wildcard lookups.

Default: 1000 (often the size of one page)

Sudo Options

The detailed instructions for configuration of sudo_provider are in the manual page sssd-sudo(5).

ldap_sudorule_object_class (string)

The object class of a sudo rule entry in LDAP.

Default: sudoRole

ldap_sudorule_name (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the sudo rule name.

Default: cn

ldap_sudorule_command (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the command name.

Default: sudoCommand

ldap_sudorule_host (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the host name (or host IP address, host IP network, or host netgroup)

Default: sudoHost

ldap_sudorule_user (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the user name (or UID, group name or user's netgroup)

Default: sudoUser

ldap_sudorule_option (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the sudo options.

Default: sudoOption

ldap_sudorule_runasuser (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the user name that commands may be run as.

Default: sudoRunAsUser

ldap_sudorule_runasgroup (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the group name or group GID that commands may be run as.

Default: sudoRunAsGroup

ldap_sudorule_notbefore (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the start date/time for when the sudo rule is valid.

Default: sudoNotBefore

ldap_sudorule_notafter (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the expiration date/time, after which the sudo rule will no longer be valid.

Default: sudoNotAfter

ldap_sudorule_order (string)

The LDAP attribute that corresponds to the ordering index of the rule.

Default: sudoOrder

ldap_sudo_full_refresh_interval (integer)

How many seconds SSSD will wait between executing a full refresh of sudo rules (which downloads all rules that are stored on the server).

The value must be greater than ldap_sudo_smart_refresh_interval

Default: 21600 (6 hours)

ldap_sudo_smart_refresh_interval (integer)

How many seconds SSSD has to wait before executing a smart refresh of sudo rules (which downloads all rules that have USN higher than the highest USN of cached rules).

If USN attributes are not supported by the server, the modifyTimestamp attribute is used instead.

Default: 900 (15 minutes)

ldap_sudo_use_host_filter (boolean)

If true, SSSD will download only rules that are applicable to this machine (using the IPv4 or IPv6 host/network addresses and hostnames).

Default: true

ldap_sudo_hostnames (string)

Space separated list of hostnames or fully qualified domain names that should be used to filter the rules.

If this option is empty, SSSD will try to discover the hostname and the fully qualified domain name automatically.

If ldap_sudo_use_host_filter is false then this option has no effect.

Default: not specified

ldap_sudo_ip (string)

Space separated list of IPv4 or IPv6 host/network addresses that should be used to filter the rules.

If this option is empty, SSSD will try to discover the addresses automatically.

If ldap_sudo_use_host_filter is false then this option has no effect.

Default: not specified

ldap_sudo_include_netgroups (boolean)

If true then SSSD will download every rule that contains a netgroup in sudoHost attribute.

If ldap_sudo_use_host_filter is false then this option has no effect.

Default: true

ldap_sudo_include_regexp (boolean)

If true then SSSD will download every rule that contains a wildcard in sudoHost attribute.

If ldap_sudo_use_host_filter is false then this option has no effect.

Default: true

This manual page only describes attribute name mapping. For detailed explanation of sudo related attribute semantics, see sudoers.ldap(5)

Autofs Options

Some of the defaults for the parameters below are dependent on the LDAP schema.

ldap_autofs_map_master_name (string)

The name of the automount master map in LDAP.

Default: auto.master

ldap_autofs_map_object_class (string)

The object class of an automount map entry in LDAP.

Default: nisMap (rfc2307, autofs_provider=ad), otherwise automountMap

ldap_autofs_map_name (string)

The name of an automount map entry in LDAP.

Default: nisMapName (rfc2307, autofs_provider=ad), otherwise automountMapName

ldap_autofs_entry_object_class (string)

The object class of an automount entry in LDAP. The entry usually corresponds to a mount point.

Default: nisObject (rfc2307, autofs_provider=ad), otherwise automount

ldap_autofs_entry_key (string)

The key of an automount entry in LDAP. The entry usually corresponds to a mount point.

Default: cn (rfc2307, autofs_provider=ad), otherwise automountKey

ldap_autofs_entry_value (string)

The key of an automount entry in LDAP. The entry usually corresponds to a mount point.

Default: nisMapEntry (rfc2307, autofs_provider=ad), otherwise automountInformation

Please note that the automounter only reads the master map on startup, so if any autofs-related changes are made to the sssd.conf, you typically also need to restart the automounter daemon after restarting the SSSD.

Advanced Options

These options are supported by LDAP domains, but they should be used with caution. Please include them in your configuration only if you know what you are doing.

ldap_netgroup_search_base (string)

An optional base DN, search scope and LDAP filter to restrict LDAP searches for this attribute type.

syntax:

search_base[?scope?[filter][?search_base?scope?[filter]]*]

The scope can be one of "base", "onelevel" or "subtree". The scope functions as specified in section 4.5.1.2 of http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4511

The filter must be a valid LDAP search filter as specified by http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2254.txt

For examples of this syntax, please refer to the “ldap_search_base” examples section.

Default: the value of ldap_search_base

Please note that specifying scope or filter is not supported for searches against an Active Directory Server that might yield a large number of results and trigger the Range Retrieval extension in the response.

ldap_user_search_base (string)

An optional base DN, search scope and LDAP filter to restrict LDAP searches for this attribute type.

syntax:

search_base[?scope?[filter][?search_base?scope?[filter]]*]

The scope can be one of "base", "onelevel" or "subtree". The scope functions as specified in section 4.5.1.2 of http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4511

The filter must be a valid LDAP search filter as specified by http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2254.txt

For examples of this syntax, please refer to the “ldap_search_base” examples section.

Default: the value of ldap_search_base

Please note that specifying scope or filter is not supported for searches against an Active Directory Server that might yield a large number of results and trigger the Range Retrieval extension in the response.

ldap_group_search_base (string)

An optional base DN, search scope and LDAP filter to restrict LDAP searches for this attribute type.

syntax:

search_base[?scope?[filter][?search_base?scope?[filter]]*]

The scope can be one of "base", "onelevel" or "subtree". The scope functions as specified in section 4.5.1.2 of http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4511

The filter must be a valid LDAP search filter as specified by http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2254.txt

For examples of this syntax, please refer to the “ldap_search_base” examples section.

Default: the value of ldap_search_base

Please note that specifying scope or filter is not supported for searches against an Active Directory Server that might yield a large number of results and trigger the Range Retrieval extension in the response.

Note

If the option “ldap_use_tokengroups” is enabled. The searches against Active Directory will not be restricted and return all groups memberships, even with no gid mapping. It is recommended to disable this feature, if group names are not being displayed correctly.

ldap_sudo_search_base (string)

An optional base DN, search scope and LDAP filter to restrict LDAP searches for this attribute type.

syntax:

search_base[?scope?[filter][?search_base?scope?[filter]]*]

The scope can be one of "base", "onelevel" or "subtree". The scope functions as specified in section 4.5.1.2 of http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4511

The filter must be a valid LDAP search filter as specified by http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2254.txt

For examples of this syntax, please refer to the “ldap_search_base” examples section.

Default: the value of ldap_search_base

Please note that specifying scope or filter is not supported for searches against an Active Directory Server that might yield a large number of results and trigger the Range Retrieval extension in the response.

ldap_autofs_search_base (string)

An optional base DN, search scope and LDAP filter to restrict LDAP searches for this attribute type.

syntax:

search_base[?scope?[filter][?search_base?scope?[filter]]*]

The scope can be one of "base", "onelevel" or "subtree". The scope functions as specified in section 4.5.1.2 of http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4511

The filter must be a valid LDAP search filter as specified by http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2254.txt

For examples of this syntax, please refer to the “ldap_search_base” examples section.

Default: the value of ldap_search_base

Please note that specifying scope or filter is not supported for searches against an Active Directory Server that might yield a large number of results and trigger the Range Retrieval extension in the response.

Failover

The failover feature allows back ends to automatically switch to a different server if the current server fails.

Failover Syntax

The list of servers is given as a comma-separated list; any number of spaces is allowed around the comma. The servers are listed in order of preference. The list can contain any number of servers.

For each failover-enabled config option, two variants exist: primary and backup. The idea is that servers in the primary list are preferred and backup servers are only searched if no primary servers can be reached. If a backup server is selected, a timeout of 31 seconds is set. After this timeout SSSD will periodically try to reconnect to one of the primary servers. If it succeeds, it will replace the current active (backup) server.

The Failover Mechanism

The failover mechanism distinguishes between a machine and a service. The back end first tries to resolve the hostname of a given machine; if this resolution attempt fails, the machine is considered offline. No further attempts are made to connect to this machine for any other service. If the resolution attempt succeeds, the back end tries to connect to a service on this machine. If the service connection attempt fails, then only this particular service is considered offline and the back end automatically switches over to the next service. The machine is still considered online and might still be tried for another service.

Further connection attempts are made to machines or services marked as offline after a specified period of time; this is currently hard coded to 30 seconds.

If there are no more machines to try, the back end as a whole switches to offline mode, and then attempts to reconnect every 30 seconds.

Service Discovery

The service discovery feature allows back ends to automatically find the appropriate servers to connect to using a special DNS query. This feature is not supported for backup servers.

Configuration

If no servers are specified, the back end automatically uses service discovery to try to find a server. Optionally, the user may choose to use both fixed server addresses and service discovery by inserting a special keyword, “_srv_”, in the list of servers. The order of preference is maintained. This feature is useful if, for example, the user prefers to use service discovery whenever possible, and fall back to a specific server when no servers can be discovered using DNS.

The domain name

Please refer to the “dns_discovery_domain” parameter in the sssd.conf(5) manual page for more details.

The protocol

The queries usually specify _tcp as the protocol. Exceptions are documented in respective option description.

See Also

For more information on the service discovery mechanism, refer to RFC 2782.

Id Mapping

The ID-mapping feature allows SSSD to act as a client of Active Directory without requiring administrators to extend user attributes to support POSIX attributes for user and group identifiers.

NOTE: When ID-mapping is enabled, the uidNumber and gidNumber attributes are ignored. This is to avoid the possibility of conflicts between automatically-assigned and manually-assigned values. If you need to use manually-assigned values, ALL values must be manually-assigned.

Please note that changing the ID mapping related configuration options will cause user and group IDs to change. At the moment, SSSD does not support changing IDs, so the SSSD database must be removed. Because cached passwords are also stored in the database, removing the database should only be performed while the authentication servers are reachable, otherwise users might get locked out. In order to cache the password, an authentication must be performed. It is not sufficient to use sss_cache(8) to remove the database, rather the process consists of:

· Making sure the remote servers are reachable

· Stopping the SSSD service

· Removing the database

· Starting the SSSD service

Moreover, as the change of IDs might necessitate the adjustment of other system properties such as file and directory ownership, it's advisable to plan ahead and test the ID mapping configuration thoroughly.

Mapping Algorithm

Active Directory provides an objectSID for every user and group object in the directory. This objectSID can be broken up into components that represent the Active Directory domain identity and the relative identifier (RID) of the user or group object.

The SSSD ID-mapping algorithm takes a range of available UIDs and divides it into equally-sized component sections - called "slices"-. Each slice represents the space available to an Active Directory domain.

When a user or group entry for a particular domain is encountered for the first time, the SSSD allocates one of the available slices for that domain. In order to make this slice-assignment repeatable on different client machines, we select the slice based on the following algorithm:

The SID string is passed through the murmurhash3 algorithm to convert it to a 32-bit hashed value. We then take the modulus of this value with the total number of available slices to pick the slice.

NOTE: It is possible to encounter collisions in the hash and subsequent modulus. In these situations, we will select the next available slice, but it may not be possible to reproduce the same exact set of slices on other machines (since the order that they are encountered will determine their slice). In this situation, it is recommended to either switch to using explicit POSIX attributes in Active Directory (disabling ID-mapping) or configure a default domain to guarantee that at least one is always consistent. See “Configuration” for details.

Configuration

Minimum configuration (in the “[domain/DOMAINNAME]” section):

ldap_id_mapping = True
ldap_schema = ad

The default configuration results in configuring 10,000 slices, each capable of holding up to 200,000 IDs, starting from 200,000 and going up to 2,000,200,000. This should be sufficient for most deployments.

Advanced Configuration

ldap_idmap_range_min (integer)
Specifies the lower bound of the range of POSIX IDs to use for mapping Active Directory user and group SIDs.

NOTE: This option is different from “min_id” in that “min_id” acts to filter the output of requests to this domain, whereas this option controls the range of ID assignment. This is a subtle distinction, but the good general advice would be to have “min_id” be less-than or equal to “ldap_idmap_range_min”

Default: 200000

ldap_idmap_range_max (integer)
Specifies the upper bound of the range of POSIX IDs to use for mapping Active Directory user and group SIDs.

NOTE: This option is different from “max_id” in that “max_id” acts to filter the output of requests to this domain, whereas this option controls the range of ID assignment. This is a subtle distinction, but the good general advice would be to have “max_id” be greater-than or equal to “ldap_idmap_range_max”

Default: 2000200000

ldap_idmap_range_size (integer)
Specifies the number of IDs available for each slice. If the range size does not divide evenly into the min and max values, it will create as many complete slices as it can.

NOTE: The value of this option must be at least as large as the highest user RID planned for use on the Active Directory server. User lookups and login will fail for any user whose RID is greater than this value.

For example, if your most recently-added Active Directory user has objectSid=S-1-5-21-2153326666-2176343378-3404031434-1107, “ldap_idmap_range_size” must be at least 1108 as range size is equal to maximal SID minus minimal SID plus one (e.g. 1108 = 1107 - 0 + 1).

It is important to plan ahead for future expansion, as changing this value will result in changing all of the ID mappings on the system, leading to users with different local IDs than they previously had.

Default: 200000

ldap_idmap_default_domain_sid (string)
Specify the domain SID of the default domain. This will guarantee that this domain will always be assigned to slice zero in the ID map, bypassing the murmurhash algorithm described above.

Default: not set

ldap_idmap_default_domain (string)
Specify the name of the default domain.

Default: not set

ldap_idmap_autorid_compat (boolean)
Changes the behavior of the ID-mapping algorithm to behave more similarly to winbind's “idmap_autorid” algorithm.

When this option is configured, domains will be allocated starting with slice zero and increasing monatomically with each additional domain.

NOTE: This algorithm is non-deterministic (it depends on the order that users and groups are requested). If this mode is required for compatibility with machines running winbind, it is recommended to also use the “ldap_idmap_default_domain_sid” option to guarantee that at least one domain is consistently allocated to slice zero.

Default: False

ldap_idmap_helper_table_size (integer)
Maximal number of secondary slices that is tried when performing mapping from UNIX id to SID.

Note: Additional secondary slices might be generated when SID is being mapped to UNIX id and RID part of SID is out of range for secondary slices generated so far. If value of ldap_idmap_helper_table_size is equal to 0 then no additional secondary slices are generated.

Default: 10

Well-Known SIDs

SSSD supports to look up the names of Well-Known SIDs, i.e. SIDs with a special hardcoded meaning. Since the generic users and groups related to those Well-Known SIDs have no equivalent in a Linux/UNIX environment no POSIX IDs are available for those objects.

The SID name space is organized in authorities which can be seen as different domains. The authorities for the Well-Known SIDs are

· Null Authority

· World Authority

· Local Authority

· Creator Authority

· NT Authority

· Built-in

The capitalized version of these names are used as domain names when returning the fully qualified name of a Well-Known SID.

Since some utilities allow to modify SID based access control information with the help of a name instead of using the SID directly SSSD supports to look up the SID by the name as well. To avoid collisions only the fully qualified names can be used to look up Well-Known SIDs. As a result the domain names “NULL AUTHORITY”, “WORLD AUTHORITY”, “ LOCAL AUTHORITY”, “CREATOR AUTHORITY”, “NT AUTHORITY” and “BUILTIN” should not be used as domain names in sssd.conf.

Example

The following example assumes that SSSD is correctly configured and LDAP is set to one of the domains in the [domains] section.

[domain/LDAP]
id_provider = ldap
auth_provider = ldap
ldap_uri = ldap://ldap.mydomain.org
ldap_search_base = dc=mydomain,dc=org
ldap_tls_reqcert = demand
cache_credentials = true

LDAP Access Filter Example

The following example assumes that SSSD is correctly configured and to use the ldap_access_order=lockout.

[domain/LDAP]
id_provider = ldap
auth_provider = ldap
access_provider = ldap
ldap_access_order = lockout
ldap_pwdlockout_dn = cn=ppolicy,ou=policies,dc=mydomain,dc=org
ldap_uri = ldap://ldap.mydomain.org
ldap_search_base = dc=mydomain,dc=org
ldap_tls_reqcert = demand
cache_credentials = true

Notes

The descriptions of some of the configuration options in this manual page are based on the ldap.conf(5) manual page from the OpenLDAP 2.4 distribution.

See Also

sssd(8), sssd.conf(5), sssd-ldap(5), sssd-krb5(5), sssd-simple(5), sssd-ipa(5), sssd-ad(5), sssd-sudo(5), sss_cache(8), sss_debuglevel(8), sss_groupadd(8), sss_groupdel(8), sss_groupshow(8), sss_groupmod(8), sss_useradd(8), sss_userdel(8), sss_usermod(8), sss_obfuscate(8), sss_seed(8), sssd_krb5_locator_plugin(8), sss_ssh_authorizedkeys(8), sss_ssh_knownhostsproxy(8), sssd-ifp(5), pam_sss(8). sss_rpcidmapd(5)

Authors

The SSSD upstream - http://fedorahosted.org/sssd

Notes

1.

MSDN(TM) documentation

Referenced By

idmap_sss(8), pam_sss(8), sss_cache(8), sssctl(8), sssd(8), sssd-ad(5), sssd.conf(5), sss_debuglevel(8), sssd-ifp(5), sssd-ipa(5), sssd-krb5(5), sssd_krb5_locator_plugin(8), sssd-simple(5), sssd-sudo(5), sss_groupadd(8), sss_groupdel(8), sss_groupmod(8), sss_groupshow(8), sss_obfuscate(8), sss_override(8), sss_seed(8), sss_ssh_authorizedkeys(1), sss_ssh_knownhostsproxy(1), sss_useradd(8), sss_userdel(8), sss_usermod(8).

10/20/2016 SSSD File Formats and Conventions