python3-ssdeep - Man Page

Name

pythonssdeep ā€” Python ssdeep Documentation

This is a straightforward Python wrapper for ssdeep by Jesse Kornblum, which is a library for computing context triggered piecewise hashes (CTPH). Also called fuzzy hashes, CTPH can match inputs that have homologies. Such inputs have sequences of identical bytes in the same order, although bytes in between these sequences may be different in both content and length.

You can install python-ssdeep with pip:

$ pip install ssdeep

See Installation for more information.

Contents:

Installation

Requirements

  • Python

    • Python 2.6, 2.7
    • Python >= 3.2
    • PyPy >= 2.0
  • ssdeep/libfuzzy >= 2.10 (Some features might not be available with older versions. See ssdeep.Hash)
  • cffi
  • pip
  • six

Install on CentOS 7

Python 2

Use included ssdeep lib

Install required packages.

$ sudo yum groupinstall "Development Tools"
$ sudo yum install epel-release
$ sudo yum install libffi-devel python-devel python-pip automake autoconf libtool

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo BUILD_LIB=1 pip install ssdeep

Use lib from epel

Install required packages.

$ sudo yum groupinstall "Development Tools"
$ sudo yum install epel-release
$ sudo yum install libffi-devel python-devel python-pip ssdeep-devel ssdeep-libs

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo pip install ssdeep

Install on Debian 7

Python 2

Use included ssdeep lib

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python python-dev python-pip automake autoconf libtool

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo BUILD_LIB=1 pip install ssdeep

Python 3

Use included ssdeep lib

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python3 python3-dev python3-pip automake autoconf libtool

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo BUILD_LIB=1 pip install ssdeep

Install on Debian 8/9

Python 2

Use included ssdeep lib

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python python-dev python-pip automake autoconf libtool

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo BUILD_LIB=1 pip install ssdeep

Use ssdeep from Debian repository

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python python-dev python-pip libfuzzy-dev

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo pip install ssdeep

Python 3

Use included ssdeep lib

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python3 python3-dev python3-pip automake autoconf libtool

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo BUILD_LIB=1 pip3 install ssdeep

Use ssdeep from Debian repository

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python3 python3-dev python3-pip libfuzzy-dev

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo pip3 install ssdeep

Install on Ubuntu 12.04

Python 2

Use included ssdeep lib

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python python-dev python-pip automake autoconf libtool

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo BUILD_LIB=1 pip install ssdeep

Python 3

Use included ssdeep lib

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python3 python3-dev python3-setuptools automake autoconf libtool

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo easy_install3 pip
$ sudo BUILD_LIB=1 pip3 install ssdeep

Install on Ubuntu 14.04

Python 2

Use included ssdeep lib

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python python-dev python-pip automake autoconf libtool

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo BUILD_LIB=1 pip install ssdeep

Python 3

Use included ssdeep lib

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python3 python3-dev python3-pip automake autoconf libtool

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo BUILD_LIB=1 pip3 install ssdeep

Install on Ubuntu 16.04

Python 2

Use lib from official Ubuntu repository (recommended)

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python python-dev python-pip libfuzzy-dev

Build and install Python module.

$ pip install ssdeep

Use included ssdeep lib

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python python-dev python-pip automake autoconf libtool

Build and install Python module.

$ BUILD_LIB=1 pip install ssdeep

Python 3

Use lib from official Ubuntu repository (recommended)

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python3 python3-dev python3-pip libfuzzy-dev

Build and install Python module.

$ pip3 install ssdeep

Use included ssdeep lib

Install required packages.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libffi-dev python3 python3-dev python3-pip automake autoconf libtool

Build and install Python module.

$ BUILD_LIB=1 pip3 install ssdeep

Install on Fedora 27

Python 2

Use lib from Fedora repository

Install required packages.

$ sudo dnf groupinstall "Development Tools"
$ sudo dnf install libffi-devel python-devel python-pip ssdeep-devel ssdeep-libs

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo pip install ssdeep

Python 3

Use lib from Fedora repository

Install required packages.

$ sudo dnf groupinstall "Development Tools"
$ sudo dnf install libffi-devel python3-devel python3-pip ssdeep-devel ssdeep-libs

Build and install Python module.

$ sudo pip3 install ssdeep

Usage

Import the required module.

>>> import ssdeep

Use the ssdeep.hash() function to compute a fuzzy hash.

>>> hash1 = ssdeep.hash('Also called fuzzy hashes, Ctph can match inputs that have homologies.')
>>> hash1
'3:AXGBicFlgVNhBGcL6wCrFQEv:AXGHsNhxLsr2C'
>>> hash2 = ssdeep.hash('Also called fuzzy hashes, CTPH can match inputs that have homologies.')
>>> hash2
'3:AXGBicFlIHBGcL6wCrFQEv:AXGH6xLsr2C'

The ssdeep.compare() function returns the match score of two hashes. The score is an integer value from 0 (no match) to 100.

>>> ssdeep.compare(hash1, hash2)
22

The ssdeep.hash_from_file() function accepts a filename as argument and calculates the hash of the contents of the file.

>>> ssdeep.hash_from_file('/etc/resolv.conf')
'3:S3yE29cFrrMOoiECAaHJgvn:S3m+COoiUCuvn'

The ssdeep.Hash class provides a hashlib like interface.

>>> h = ssdeep.Hash()
>>> h.update('Also called fuzzy hashes, ')
>>> h.digest()
'3:AXGBicFlF:AXGHR'
>>> h.update('Ctph can match inputs that have homologies.')
>>> h.digest()
'3:AXGBicFlgVNhBGcL6wCrFQEv:AXGHsNhxLsr2C'

API Reference

Classes

class ssdeep.Hash

Hashlib like object. It is only supported with ssdeep/libfuzzy >= 2.10.

Raises
  • InternalError -- If lib returns internal error
  • NotImplementedError -- Required functions are not available
property block_size

The block size used to calculate the hash. This depends on the length of the source string.

Returns

block size

copy()

Create a copy of this hash object.

Returns

Return a copy of the hash object.

Return type

Hash

Raises

InternalError -- If the lib returns an internal error

digest(elimseq=False, notrunc=False)

Obtain the fuzzy hash.

This operation does not change the state at all. It reports the hash for the concatenation of the data previously fed using update().

Returns

The fuzzy hash

Return type

String

Raises

InternalError -- If lib returns an internal error

property name

The canonical name of this hash

Returns

ssdeep

update(buf, encoding='utf-8')

Feed the data contained in the given buffer to the state.

Parameters
  • buf (String|Byte) -- The data to be hashed
  • encoding (String) -- Encoding is used if buf is String
Raises
  • InternalError -- If lib returns an internal error
  • TypeError -- If buf is not Bytes, String or Unicode
class ssdeep.PseudoHash

Hashlib like object. Use this class only if Hash() isn't supported by your ssdeep/libfuzzy library. This class stores the provided data in memory, so be careful when hashing large files.

property block_size

The block size used to calculate the hash. This depends on the length of the source string.

Returns

block size

copy()

Create a copy of this hash object.

Returns

Return a copy of the hash object.

Return type

PseudoHash

Raises

InternalError -- If the lib returns an internal error

digest(elimseq=False, notrunc=False)

Obtain the fuzzy hash.

This operation does not change the state at all. It reports the hash for the concatenation of the data previously fed using update().

Returns

The fuzzy hash

Return type

String

property name

The canonical name of this hash

Returns

ssdeep

update(buf, encoding='utf-8')

Feed the data contained in the given buffer to the state.

Parameters
  • buf (String|Byte) -- The data to be hashed
  • encoding (String) -- Encoding is used if buf is String
Raises

TypeError -- If buf is not Bytes, String or Unicode

Functions

ssdeep.compare(sig1, sig2)

Computes the match score between two fuzzy hash signatures.

Returns a value from zero to 100 indicating the match score of the two signatures. A match score of zero indicates the signatures did not match.

Parameters
  • sig1 (Bytes|String) -- First fuzzy hash signature
  • sig2 (Bytes|String) -- Second fuzzy hash signature
Returns

Match score (0-100)

Return type

Integer

Raises
  • InternalError -- If lib returns an internal error
  • TypeError -- If sig is not String, Unicode or Bytes
ssdeep.hash(buf, encoding='utf-8')

Compute the fuzzy hash of a buffer

Parameters

buf (String|Bytes) -- The data to be fuzzy hashed

Returns

The fuzzy hash

Return type

String

Raises
  • InternalError -- If lib returns an internal error
  • TypeError -- If buf is not String or Bytes
ssdeep.hash_from_file(filename)

Compute the fuzzy hash of a file.

Opens, reads, and hashes the contents of the file 'filename'

Parameters

filename (String|Bytes) -- The name of the file to be hashed

Returns

The fuzzy hash of the file

Return type

String

Raises
  • IOError -- If Python is unable to read the file
  • InternalError -- If lib returns an internal error

Exceptions

exception ssdeep.BaseError

The base for all other Exceptions

exception ssdeep.InternalError

Raised if lib returns internal error

FAQ

If comparing two hashes the result is always 0

The result depends on the algorithms in the ssdeep library. There are some issues if the length of provided data is too short or if the algorithm could not find enough patterns.

The following example must not return the expected value.

>>> hash1 = ssdeep.hash('foo' * 4096)
>>> hash2 = ssdeep.hash('foo' * 4096)
>>> ssdeep.compare(hash1, hash2)
0

Contributing

First of all, thank you for your interest in contributing to this project!

Filing bug reports

Bug reports are very welcome. Please file them on the GitHub issue tracker. Good bug reports come with extensive descriptions of the error and how to reproduce it. Try to use the provided issue template, it should be displayed by the GitHub website when creating a new issue.

Patches

All patches should be submitted in the form of pull requests to the main repository, DinoTools/python-ssdeep. These pull requests should satisfy the following properties:

Code

  • A pull request should focus on one particular improvement or change.
  • Create different pull requests for unrelated features or bugfixes.
  • Python code should follow PEP 8, especially in the "do what code around you does" sense.
  • Add test if possible

Documentation

When introducing new functionality, please remember to write documentation.

Review

Finally, pull requests must be reviewed before merging. Everyone can perform reviews; this is a very valuable way to contribute, and is highly encouraged.

Changelog

3.x (master)

NOTE:

This version is not yet released and is under development.

3.4 (2019-10-01)

  • Update documentation
  • Replace Jenkins and Travis CI with Drone CI
  • Add new copy() function to Hash() and PseudoHash() class
  • Add new attributes to Hash() and PseudoHash() class * name * block_size

3.3 (2018-01-10)

  • Update ssdeep lib to 2.14.1
  • Fix issues with Travis CI
  • Add additional CI test with Python 3.6
  • Build docs during CI builds
  • Remove deprecated PKGBUILD

3.2 (2016-11-27)

  • Update ssdeep lib to 2.13(thanks to Charles Lindsay)
  • Update install instructions
  • Add additional CI tests on CentOS 7, Debian 8 and Ubuntu 14.04/16.04

3.1.1 (2014-12-20)

  • Updated ssdeep lib to 2.12
  • Added additional tests
  • Fixed build issues on Windows(thanks to Paul Chaignon)
  • Added option to run tests with PyPy3
  • Fixed build to prevent automake version missmatch errors
  • Updated documentation

3.1 (2014-08-07)

  • Fix build issue with ssdeep < 2.10

3.0 (2014-06-25)

  • Completely rewritten to use CFFI
  • Interface in the spirit of hashlib
  • Use pytest and tox for tests
  • Use installed fuzzy lib by default

2.9-0.3 (2013-03-12)

  • Fix build issue with Python 2.6

2.9-0.2 (2012-10-11)

  • Fixing small bug in setup.py

2.9-0.1 (2012-08-01)

  • Updated ssdeep from 2.5 to 2.9
  • Added Python 3.x support

2.5 (2010-09-03)

  • Initial release
  • The initial version was published in 2010 by Denis Bilenko on bitbucket.
  • Since 2012 the source is maintained by PhiBo (DinoTools) and has been published on github.
  • In 2014 the wrapper has been rewritten to use cffi.
  • genindex
  • modindex
  • search

Author

DinoTools

Info

Jun 04, 2021 3.4 python-ssdeep