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pkgconf-personality - Man Page

pkgconf cross-compile personality file format


pkgconf cross-compile personality files provide a useful mechanism for storing various information about system toolchains. Information stored by .personality files include information about paths used by a cross-compile toolchain, such as the sysroot directory and default include and library paths. pkgconf uses this information to determine what information is necessary to use libraries.

File Syntax

The .personality file follows a format inspired by RFC822. Comments are prefixed by a pound sign, hash sign or octothorpe (#), and variable assignment is similar to POSIX shell. Properties are defined using RFC822-style stanzas.


Properties are set using RFC822-style stanzas which consist of a keyword, followed by a colon (:) and then the value the property should be set to. Variable substitution is always performed regardless of property type.

There are three types of property:


The property will be set to the text of the value.

Fragment List

The property will be set to a list of fragments parsed from the text. The input text must be in a format that is suitable for passing to a POSIX shell without any shell expansions after variable substitution has been done. Elements are delimited with a colon.


The property will be set to true if the value is one of: true, yes or 1. Otherwise it will be set to false.

Property Keywords


The triplet used by the cross-compile toolchain. (mandatory; literal)


The directory used by the system root of the cross-compile toolchain. (mandatory; literal)


A list of directories to look for pc(5) files in. (mandatory; fragment list)


A list of directories that are included by default in the search path for include files. (mandatory; fragment list)


A list of directories that are included by default in the search path for libraries. (mandatory; fragment list)


If true, pkgconf will default to preferring a pure dependency graph. (optional; boolean; default is false)


If true, pkgconf will default to operating in static linking mode. (optional; boolean; default is false)


An example .personality file:

# This is a comment
Triplet: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
SysrootDir: /home/kaniini/sysroot/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
DefaultSearchPaths: /home/kaniini/sysroot/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/lib/pkgconfig:/home/kaniini/sysroot/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/share/pkgconfig
SystemIncludePaths: /home/kaniini/sysroot/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/include
SystemLibraryPaths: /home/kaniini/sysroot/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/lib

See Also

pkgconf(1), pc(5), pkg.m4(7)


July 19, 2018