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lexnames - Man Page

List of WordNet lexicographer file names and numbers


During WordNet development synsets are organized into forty-five lexicographer files based on syntactic category and logical groupings. grind(1) processes these files and produces a database suitable for use with the WordNet library, interface code, and other applications.  The format of the lexicographer files is described in wninput(5).

A file number corresponds to each lexicographer file.  File numbers are encoded in several parts of the WordNet system as an efficient way to indicate a lexicographer file name.  The file lexnames lists the mapping between file names and numbers, and can be used by programs or end users to correlate the two.

File Format

Each line in lexnames contains 3 tab separated fields, and is terminated with a newline character.  The first field is the two digit decimal integer file number.  (The first file in the list is numbered 00.)  The second field is the name of the lexicographer file that is represented by that number, and the third field is an integer that indicates the syntactic category of the synsets contained in the file. This is simply a shortcut for programs and scripts, since the syntactic category is also part of the lexicographer file's name.

Syntactic Category

The syntactic category field is encoded as follows:


Lexicographer Files

The names of the lexicographer files and their corresponding file numbers are listed below along with a brief description each file's contents.

File NumberNameContents
00adj.allall adjective clusters
01adj.pertrelational adjectives (pertainyms)  
02adv.allall adverbs
03noun.Topsunique beginner for nouns
04noun.actnouns denoting acts or actions
05noun.animalnouns denoting animals
06noun.artifactnouns denoting man-made objects  
07noun.attributenouns denoting attributes of people and objects  
08noun.bodynouns denoting body parts  
09noun.cognitionnouns denoting cognitive processes and contents
10noun.communicationnouns denoting communicative processes and contents  
11noun.eventnouns denoting natural events  
12noun.feelingnouns denoting feelings and emotions  
13noun.foodnouns denoting foods and drinks  
14noun.groupnouns denoting groupings of people or objects  
15noun.locationnouns denoting spatial position
16noun.motivenouns denoting goals  
17noun.objectnouns denoting natural objects (not man-made)  
18noun.person  nouns denoting people
19noun.phenomenonnouns denoting natural phenomena  
20noun.plantnouns denoting plants
21noun.possessionnouns denoting possession and transfer of possession  
22noun.processnouns denoting natural processes  
23noun.quantitynouns denoting quantities and units of measure  
24noun.relationnouns denoting relations between people or things or ideas  
25noun.shapenouns denoting two and three dimensional shapes  
26noun.statenouns denoting stable states of affairs  
27noun.substancenouns denoting substances  
28noun.timenouns denoting time and temporal relations  
29verb.bodyverbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care  
30verb.changeverbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.  
31verb.cognitionverbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting  
32verb.communicationverbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing  
33verb.competitionverbs of fighting, athletic activities  
34verb.consumptionverbs of eating and drinking  
35verb.contactverbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging  
36verb.creationverbs of sewing, baking, painting, performing  
37verb.emotionverbs of feeling  
38verb.motionverbs of walking, flying, swimming  
39verb.perceptionverbs of seeing, hearing, feeling
40verb.possessionverbs of buying, selling, owning  
41verb.socialverbs of political and social activities and events  
42verb.stativeverbs of being, having, spatial relations  
43verb.weatherverbs of raining, snowing, thawing, thundering  
44adj.pplparticipial adjectives


The lexicographer files are not included in the WordNet database package.

Environment Variables (Unix)


Base directory for WordNet.  Default is /usr/local/WordNet-3.0.


Directory in which the WordNet database has been installed.   Default is WNHOME/dict.

Registry (Windows)


Base directory for WordNet.  Default is C:\Program Files\WordNet\3.0.



list of lexicographer file names and numbers

See Also

grind(1), wnintro(5), wndb(5), wninput(5).

Referenced By

grind(1), senseidx(5), wn(1), wnb(1), wndb(5), wninput(5), wnintro(5).

Dec 2006 WordNet 3.0 WordNet™ File Formats