lexnames man page

lexnames — List of WordNet lexicographer file names and numbers


During WordNet development synsets are organized into forty-five lexicographer files based on syntactic category and logical groupings. grind(1) processes these files and produces a database suitable for use with the WordNet library, interface code, and other applications.  The format of the lexicographer files is described in wninput(5).

A file number corresponds to each lexicographer file.  File numbers are encoded in several parts of the WordNet system as an efficient way to indicate a lexicographer file name.  The file lexnames lists the mapping between file names and numbers, and can be used by programs or end users to correlate the two.

File Format

Each line in lexnames contains 3 tab separated fields, and is terminated with a newline character.  The first field is the two digit decimal integer file number.  (The first file in the list is numbered 00.)  The second field is the name of the lexicographer file that is represented by that number, and the third field is an integer that indicates the syntactic category of the synsets contained in the file. This is simply a shortcut for programs and scripts, since the syntactic category is also part of the lexicographer file's name.

Syntactic Category

The syntactic category field is encoded as follows:


Lexicographer Files

The names of the lexicographer files and their corresponding file numbers are listed below along with a brief description each file's contents.

File Number Name Contents
00 adj.all all adjective clusters
01 adj.pert relational adjectives (pertainyms)  
02 adv.all all adverbs
03 noun.Tops unique beginner for nouns
04 noun.act nouns denoting acts or actions
05 noun.animal nouns denoting animals
06 noun.artifact nouns denoting man-made objects  
07 noun.attribute nouns denoting attributes of people and objects  
08 noun.body nouns denoting body parts  
09 noun.cognition nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents
10 noun.communication nouns denoting communicative processes and contents  
11 noun.event nouns denoting natural events  
12 noun.feeling nouns denoting feelings and emotions  
13 noun.food nouns denoting foods and drinks  
14 noun.group nouns denoting groupings of people or objects  
15 noun.location nouns denoting spatial position
16 noun.motive nouns denoting goals  
17 noun.object nouns denoting natural objects (not man-made)  
18 noun.person   nouns denoting people
19 noun.phenomenon nouns denoting natural phenomena  
20 noun.plant nouns denoting plants
21 noun.possession nouns denoting possession and transfer of possession  
22 noun.process nouns denoting natural processes  
23 noun.quantity nouns denoting quantities and units of measure  
24 noun.relation nouns denoting relations between people or things or ideas  
25 noun.shape nouns denoting two and three dimensional shapes  
26 noun.state nouns denoting stable states of affairs  
27 noun.substance nouns denoting substances  
28 noun.time nouns denoting time and temporal relations  
29 verb.body verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care  
30 verb.change verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.  
31 verb.cognition verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting  
32 verb.communication verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing  
33 verb.competition verbs of fighting, athletic activities  
34 verb.consumption verbs of eating and drinking  
35 verb.contact verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging  
36 verb.creation verbs of sewing, baking, painting, performing  
37 verb.emotion verbs of feeling  
38 verb.motion verbs of walking, flying, swimming  
39 verb.perception verbs of seeing, hearing, feeling
40 verb.possession verbs of buying, selling, owning  
41 verb.social verbs of political and social activities and events  
42 verb.stative verbs of being, having, spatial relations  
43 verb.weather verbs of raining, snowing, thawing, thundering  
44 adj.ppl participial adjectives


The lexicographer files are not included in the WordNet database package.

Environment Variables (Unix)


Base directory for WordNet.  Default is /usr/local/WordNet-3.0.


Directory in which the WordNet database has been installed.   Default is WNHOME/dict.

Registry (Windows)


Base directory for WordNet.  Default is C:\Program Files\WordNet\3.0.



list of lexicographer file names and numbers

See Also

grind(1), wnintro(5), wndb(5), wninput(5).

Referenced By

grind(1), senseidx(5), wn(1), wnb(1), wndb(5), wninput(5), wnintro(5).

Dec 2006 WordNet 3.0 WordNet™ File Formats