ipptoolfile man page

ipptoolfile — ipptool file format

Description

The ipptool(1) program accepts free-form plain text files that describe one or more IPP requests. Comments start with the "#" character and continue to the end of the line. Each request is enclosed by curly braces, for example:

# This is a comment
{
  # The name of the test
  NAME "Print PostScript File"

  # The request to send
  OPERATION Print-Job
  GROUP operation-attributes-tag
  ATTR charset attributes-charset utf-8
  ATTR language attributes-natural-language en
  ATTR uri printer-uri $uri
  ATTR name requesting-user-name $user
  FILE testfile.ps

  # The response to expect
  STATUS successful-ok
  EXPECT job-id OF-TYPE integer WITH-VALUE >0
  EXPECT job-uri OF-TYPE uri
}
{
  # The name of the test
  NAME "Get Attributes of PostScript Job"

  # The request to send
  OPERATION Get-Job-Attributes
  GROUP operation-attributes-tag
  ATTR charset attributes-charset utf-8
  ATTR language attributes-natural-language en
  ATTR uri printer-uri $uri
  ATTR integer job-id $job-id
  ATTR name requesting-user-name $user

  # The response to expect
  STATUS successful-ok
  EXPECT job-id OF-TYPE integer WITH-VALUE $job-id
  EXPECT job-uri OF-TYPE uri
  EXPECT job-state OF-TYPE enum WITH-VALUE 3,4,5,6,7,8,9
  EXPECT job-originating-user-name OF-TYPE name WITH-VALUE "$user"
}

Top-Level Directives

The following directives can be used outside of a test:

{ test }
Defines a test.
DEFINE variable-name value
Defines the named variable to the given value. This is equivalent to specifying -d variable-name=value on the ipptool(8) command-line.
DEFINE-DEFAULT variable-name value
Defines the named variable to the given value if it does not already have a value.
FILE-ID "identifier"
Specifies an identifier string for the current file.
IGNORE-ERRORS yes
IGNORE-ERRORS no
Specifies whether, by default, ipptool(8) will ignore errors and continue with subsequent tests.
INCLUDE "filename"
INCLUDE <filename>
Includes another test file. The first form includes a file relative to the current test file, while the second form includes a file from the ipptool(8) include directory.
INCLUDE-IF-DEFINED name "filename"
INCLUDE-IF-DEFINED name <filename>
Includes another test file if the named variable is defined. The first form includes a file relative to the current test file, while the second form includes a file from the ipptool(8) include directory.
INCLUDE-IF-NOT-DEFINED name "filename"
INCLUDE-IF-NOT-DEFINED name <filename>
Includes another test file if the named variable is not defined. The first form includes a file relative to the current test file, while the second form includes a file from the ipptool(8) include directory.
SKIP-IF-DEFINED variable-name
SKIP-IF-NOT-DEFINED variable-name
Specifies that the remainder of the test file should be skipped when the variable is or is not defined.
STOP-AFTER-INCLUDE-ERROR no
STOP-AFTER-INCLUDE-ERROR yes
Specifies whether tests will be stopped after an error in an included file.
TRANSFER auto
Specifies that tests will, by default, use "Transfer-Encoding: chunked" for requests with attached files and "Content-Length:" for requests without attached files.
TRANSFER chunked
Specifies that tests will, by default, use the HTTP/1.1 "Transfer-Encoding: chunked" header. This is the default and is equivalent to specifying -c on the ipptool(8) command-line. Support for chunked requests is required for conformance with all versions of IPP.
TRANSFER length
Specifies that tests will, by default, use the HTTP/1.0 "Content-Length:" header. This is equivalent to specifying -l on the ipptool(8) command-line. Support for content length requests is required for conformance with all versions of IPP.
VERSION 1.0
VERSION 1.1
VERSION 2.0
VERSION 2.1
VERSION 2.2
Specifies the default IPP version number to use for the tests that follow.

Test Directives

The following directives are understood within a test:

ATTR tag attribute-name value(s)
Adds an attribute to the test request. Values are separated by the comma (",") character - escape commas using the "
ATTR collection attribute-name { MEMBER tag member-name value(s) ... } [ ... ,{ ... } ]
Adds a collection attribute to the test request. Member attributes follow the same syntax as regular attributes and can themselves be nested collections. Multiple collection values can be supplied as needed, separated by commas.
COMPRESSION deflate
COMPRESSION gzip
COMPRESSION none
Uses the specified compression on the document data following the attributes in a Print-Job or Send-Document request.
DELAY seconds
Specifies a delay before this test will be run.
DISPLAY attribute-name
Specifies that value of the named attribute should be output as part of the test report.
EXPECT attribute-name [ predicate(s) ]
EXPECT ?attribute-name predicate(s)
EXPECT !attribute-name
Specifies that the response must/may/must not include the named attribute. Additional requirements can be added as predicates - see the "Expect Predicates" section for more information on predicates. Attribute names can specify member attributes by separating the attribute and member names with the forward slash, for example "media-col/media-size/x-dimension".
EXPECT-ALL attribute-name [ predicate(s) ]
EXPECT-ALL ?attribute-name predicate(s)
Specifies that the response must/may include the named attribute and that all occurrences of that attribute must match the given predicates.
FILE filename
Specifies a file to include at the end of the request. This is typically used when sending a test print file.
GROUP tag
Specifies the group tag for subsequent attributes in the request.
IGNORE-ERRORS yes
IGNORE-ERRORS no
Specifies whether ipptool(8) will ignore errors and continue with subsequent tests.
NAME "literal string"
Specifies the human-readable name of the test.
OPERATION operation-code
Specifies the operation to be performed.
PAUSE "message"
Displays the provided message and waits for the user to press a key to continue.
REQUEST-ID number
REQUEST-ID random
Specifies the request-id value to use in the request, either an integer or the word "random" to use a randomly generated value (the default).
RESOURCE path
Specifies an alternate resource path that is used for the HTTP POST request. The default is the resource from the URI provided to the ipptool(8) program.
SKIP-IF-DEFINED variable-name
SKIP-IF-NOT-DEFINED variable-name
Specifies that the current test should be skipped when the variable is or is not defined.
SKIP-PREVIOUS-ERROR yes
SKIP-PREVIOUS-ERROR no
Specifies whether ipptool(8) will skip the current test if the previous test resulted in an error/failure.
STATUS status-code [ predicate ]
Specifies an expected response status-code value. Additional requirements can be added as predicates - see the "Status Predicates" section for more information on predicates.
TEST-ID "identifier"
Specifies an identifier string for the current test.
TRANSFER auto
Specifies that this test will use "Transfer-Encoding: chunked" if it has an attached file or "Content-Length:" otherwise.
TRANSFER chunked
Specifies that this test will use the HTTP/1.1 "Transfer-Encoding: chunked" header.
TRANSFER length
Specifies that this test will use the HTTP/1.0 "Content-Length:" header.
VERSION 1.0
VERSION 1.1
VERSION 2.0
VERSION 2.1
VERSION 2.2
Specifies the IPP version number to use for this test.

Expect Predicates

The following predicates are understood following the EXPECT test directive:

COUNT number
Requires the EXPECT attribute to have the specified number of values.
DEFINE-MATCH variable-name
Defines the variable to "1" when the EXPECT condition matches. A side-effect of this predicate is that this EXPECT will never fail a test.
DEFINE-NO-MATCH variable-name
Defines the variable to "1" when the EXPECT condition does not match. A side-effect of this predicate is that this EXPECT will never fail a test.
DEFINE-VALUE variable-name
Defines the variable to the value of the attribute when the EXPECT condition matches. A side-effect of this predicate is that this EXPECT will never fail a test.
IF-DEFINED variable-name
Makes the EXPECT conditions apply only if the specified variable is defined.
IF-NOT-DEFINED variable-name
Makes the EXPECT conditions apply only if the specified variable is not defined.
IN-GROUP tag
Requires the EXPECT attribute to be in the specified group tag.
OF-TYPE tag[,tag,...]
Requires the EXPECT attribute to use one of the specified value tag(s).
REPEAT-LIMIT number
Specifies the maximum number of times to repeat if the REPEAT-MATCH or REPEAT-NO-MATCH predicate is specified. The default value is 1000.
REPEAT-MATCH
REPEAT-NO-MATCH
Specifies that the current test should be repeated when the EXPECT condition matches or does not match.
SAME-COUNT-AS attribute-name
Requires the EXPECT attribute to have the same number of values as the specified parallel attribute.
WITH-ALL-HOSTNAMES "literal string"
WITH-ALL-HOSTNAMES "/regular expression/"
Requires that all URI values contain a matching hostname.
WITH-ALL-RESOURCES "literal string"
WITH-ALL-RESOURCES "/regular expression/"
Requires that all URI values contain a matching resource (including leading /).
WITH-ALL-SCHEMES "literal string"
WITH-ALL-SCHEMES "/regular expression/"
Requires that all URI values contain a matching scheme.
WITH-ALL-VALUES "literal string"
Requires that all values of the EXPECT attribute match the literal string. Comparisons are case-sensitive.
WITH-ALL-VALUES <number
WITH-ALL-VALUES =number
WITH-ALL-VALUES >number
WITH-ALL-VALUES number[,...,number]
Requires that all values of the EXPECT attribute match the number(s) or numeric comparison. When comparing rangeOfInteger values, the "<" and ">" operators only check the upper bound of the range.
WITH-ALL-VALUES "false"
WITH-ALL-VALUES "true"
Requires that all values of the EXPECT attribute match the boolean value given.
WITH-ALL-VALUES "/regular expression/"
Requires that all values of the EXPECT attribute match the regular expression, which must conform to the POSIX regular expression syntax. Comparisons are case-sensitive.
WITH-HOSTNAME "literal string"
WITH-HOSTNAME "/regular expression/"
Requires that at least one URI value contains a matching hostname.
WITH-RESOURCE "literal string"
WITH-RESOURCE "/regular expression/"
Requires that at least one URI value contains a matching resource (including leading /).
WITH-SCHEME "literal string"
WITH-SCHEME "/regular expression/"
Requires that at least one URI value contains a matching scheme.
WITH-VALUE "literal string"
Requires that at least one value of the EXPECT attribute matches the literal string. Comparisons are case-sensitive.
WITH-VALUE <number
WITH-VALUE =number
WITH-VALUE >number
WITH-VALUE number[,...,number]
Requires that at least one value of the EXPECT attribute matches the number(s) or numeric comparison. When comparing rangeOfInteger values, the "<" and ">" operators only check the upper bound of the range.
WITH-VALUE "false"
WITH-VALUE "true"
Requires that at least one value of the EXPECT attribute matches the boolean value given.
WITH-VALUE "/regular expression/"
Requires that at least one value of the EXPECT attribute matches the regular expression, which must conform to the POSIX regular expression syntax. Comparisons are case-sensitive.
WITH-VALUE-FROM attribute-name
Requires that the value(s) of the EXPECT attribute matches the value(s) in the specified attribute. For example, "EXPECT job-sheets WITH-VALUE-FROM job-sheets-supported" requires that the "job-sheets" value is listed as a value of the "job-sheets-supported" attribute.

Status Predicates

The following predicates are understood following the STATUS test directive:

DEFINE-MATCH variable-name
Defines the variable to "1" when the STATUS matches. A side-effect of this predicate is that this STATUS will never fail a test.
DEFINE-NO-MATCH variable-name
Defines the variable to "1" when the STATUS does not match. A side-effect of this predicate is that this STATUS will never fail a test.
IF-DEFINED variable-name
Makes the STATUS apply only if the specified variable is defined.
IF-NOT-DEFINED variable-name
Makes the STATUS apply only if the specified variable is not defined.
REPEAT-LIMIT number
Specifies the maximum number of times to repeat. The default value is 1000.
REPEAT-MATCH
REPEAT-NO-MATCH
Specifies that the current test should be repeated when the response status-code matches or does not match the value specified by the STATUS directive.

Operation Codes

Operation codes correspond to the hexadecimal numbers (0xHHHH) and names from RFC 2911 and other IPP extension specifications. Here is a complete list of names supported by ipptool(8):

Activate-Printer
CUPS-Accept-Jobs
CUPS-Add-Modify-Class
CUPS-Add-Modify-Printer
CUPS-Authenticate-Job
CUPS-Delete-Class
CUPS-Delete-Printer
CUPS-Get-Classes
CUPS-Get-Default
CUPS-Get-Devices
CUPS-Get-Document
CUPS-Get-PPD
CUPS-Get-PPDs
CUPS-Get-Printers
CUPS-Move-Job
CUPS-Reject-Jobs
CUPS-Set-Default
Cancel-Current-Job
Cancel-Job
Cancel-Jobs
Cancel-My-Jobs
Cancel-Subscription
Close-Job
Create-Job
Create-Job-Subscriptions
Create-Printer-Subscriptions
Deactivate-Printer
Disable-Printer
Enable-Printer
Get-Job-Attributes
Get-Jobs
Get-Notifications
Get-Printer-Attributes
Get-Printer-Support-Files
Get-Printer-Supported-Values
Get-Subscription-Attributes
Get-Subscriptions
Hold-Job
Hold-New-Jobs
Identify-Printer
Pause-Printer
Pause-Printer-After-Current-Job
Print-Job
Print-URI
Promote-Job
Purge-Jobs
Release-Held-New-Jobs
Release-Job
Renew-Subscription
Reprocess-Job
Restart-Job
Restart-Printer
Resubmit-Job
Resume-Job
Resume-Printer
Schedule-Job-After
Send-Document
Send-Hardcopy-Document
Send-Notifications
Send-URI
Set-Job-Attributes
Set-Printer-Attributes
Shutdown-Printer
Startup-Printer
Suspend-Current-Job
Validate-Document
Validate-Job

Status Codes

Status codes correspond to the hexadecimal numbers (0xHHHH) and names from RFC 2911 and other IPP extension specifications. Here is a complete list of the names supported by ipptool(8):

client-error-account-authorization-failed
client-error-account-closed
client-error-account-info-needed
client-error-account-limit-reached
client-error-attributes-not-settable
client-error-attributes-or-values-not-supported
client-error-bad-request
client-error-charset-not-supported
client-error-compression-error
client-error-compression-not-supported
client-error-conflicting-attributes
client-error-document-access-error
client-error-document-format-error
client-error-document-format-not-supported
client-error-document-password-error
client-error-document-permission-error
client-error-document-security-error
client-error-document-unprintable-error
client-error-forbidden
client-error-gone
client-error-ignored-all-notifications
client-error-ignored-all-subscriptions
client-error-not-authenticated
client-error-not-authorized
client-error-not-found
client-error-not-possible
client-error-print-support-file-not-found
client-error-request-entity-too-large
client-error-request-value-too-long
client-error-timeout
client-error-too-many-subscriptions
client-error-uri-scheme-not-supported
cups-error-account-authorization-failed
cups-error-account-closed
cups-error-account-info-needed
cups-error-account-limit-reached
cups-see-other
redirection-other-site
server-error-busy
server-error-device-error
server-error-internal-error
server-error-job-canceled
server-error-multiple-document-jobs-not-supported
server-error-not-accepting-jobs
server-error-operation-not-supported
server-error-printer-is-deactivated
server-error-service-unavailable
server-error-temporary-error
server-error-version-not-supported
successful-ok
successful-ok-but-cancel-subscription
successful-ok-conflicting-attributes
successful-ok-events-complete
successful-ok-ignored-notifications
successful-ok-ignored-or-substituted-attributes
successful-ok-ignored-subscriptions
successful-ok-too-many-events

Tags

Value and group tags correspond to the names from RFC 2911 and other IPP extension specifications. Here are the group tags:

document-attributes-tag
event-notification-attributes-tag
job-attributes-tag
operation-attributes-tag
printer-attributes-tag
subscription-attributes-tag
unsupported-attributes-tag

Here are the value tags:

admin-define
boolean
charset
collection
dateTime
default
delete-attribute
enum
integer
keyword
mimeMediaType
nameWithLanguage
nameWithoutLanguage
naturalLanguage
no-value
not-settable
octetString
rangeOfInteger
resolution
textWithLanguage
textWithoutLanguage
unknown
unsupported
uri
uriScheme

Variables

The ipptool(8) program maintains a list of variables that can be used in any literal string or attribute value by specifying "$variable-name". Aside from variables defined using the -d option or DEFINE directive, the following pre-defined variables are available:

$$
Inserts a single "$" character.
$ENV[name]
Inserts the value of the named environment variable, or an empty string if the environment variable is not defined.
$filename
Inserts the filename provided to ipptool(8) with the -f option.
$filetype
Inserts the MIME media type for the filename provided to ipptool(8) with the -f option.
$hostname
Inserts the hostname from the URI provided to ipptool(8).
$job-id
Inserts the last "job-id" attribute value returned in a test response or 0 if no "job-id" attribute has been seen.
$job-uri
Inserts the last "job-uri" attribute value returned in a test response or an empty string if no "job-uri" attribute has been seen.
$notify-subscription-id
Inserts the last "notify-subscription-id" attribute value returned in a test response or 0 if no "notify-subscription-id" attribute has been seen.
$port
Inserts the port number from the URI provided to ipptool(8).
$resource
Inserts the resource path from the URI provided to ipptool(8).
$scheme
Inserts the scheme from the URI provided to ipptool(8).
$uri
Inserts the URI provided to ipptool(8).
$uriuser
Inserts the username from the URI provided to ipptool(8), if any.
$user
Inserts the current user's login name.

See Also

ipptool(1), CUPS Online Help (http://localhost:631/help), IANA IPP Registry (http://www.iana.org/assignments/ipp-reg…), PWG Internet Printing Protocol Workgroup (http://www.pwg.org/ipp), RFC 2911 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3911)

Referenced By

ipptool(1).

CUPS 4 February 2015 Apple Inc.