icewm-keys - Man Page

NAME

 icewm-keys - icewm keys configuration file

SYNOPSIS

 $ICEWM_PRIVCFG/keys
 $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/icewm/keys
 $HOME/.icewm/keys
 /etc/icewm/keys
 /usr/share/icewm/keys

DESCRIPTION

The keys file defines global keybindings to launch applications. A keybinding has three parts: the word key, a double-quoted string with an X11 key combination and a program with its arguments. These are separated by one or more spaces. Empty lines are allowed. Comment lines start with a hash.

For example, the following defines a hotkey to restart icewm:

    key "Ctrl+Shift+r"      icesh restart

See the output of xmodmap -pk for a list of the many keystroke names you can use in icewm key definitions. Since IceWM version 3.4.0, bindings can not only be defined by their keystroke name, but also by their key label. In addition, the shifted key is now definable as well. For example, the key with + and = can be bound in either of the following four ways, which are identical:

    key "Ctrl+Shift+equal"  xterm
    key "Ctrl+Shift+="      xterm
    key "Ctrl+plus"         xterm
    key "Ctrl++"            xterm

To bind the mouse use Pointer_Button1 for button 1, and so on. The command icesh keys instructs icewm to reload this file.

FORMAT

The syntax of the keys file is as follows:

key "key_combination" program options

Where,

key

The word key begins the definition of a keybinding.

key_combination

A combination of modifiers and a key, like Ctrl+Alt+Delete. Valid modifiers are Alt, AltGr, Ctrl, Hyper, Meta, Shift, Super. Each modifier must be followed by a single plus-sign. The key is either a keystroke name or a key label. Instead of a key, mouse pointer buttons can be specified by Pointer_Button1 and up, like Shift+Pointer_Button3.

program options

program is the name of the executable or its path. It may start with a tilde or an environment variable, which will be expanded. The options are passed as arguments to the program.

switchkey

Is an alternative to key. In this case the program must print on standard output the definition of a dynamic icewm-menu(1). This menu will presented as a popup menu.

EXAMPLES

Following is the example keys file that ships with icewm(1):

    # This is an example for IceWM's hotkey definition file.
    #
    # A list of all valid keyboard symbols can be found in
    # /usr/include/X11/keysymdef.h, XF86keysym.h, ...
    # Omit the XK_ prefixs and replace XF86XK_ prefixes by XF86.
    # Valid modifiers are Alt, AltGr, Ctrl, Shift, Meta, Super, Hyper.
    #
    key "Alt+Ctrl+t" xterm
    key "Alt+Ctrl+b" xdg-open about:blank
    key "Alt+Ctrl+s" xdg-open https://www.google.com

    key "Super+KP_Subtract" amixer sset PCM 5%-
    key "Super+KP_Add" amixer sset PCM 5%+

    # "Multimedia key" bindings for XFree86. Gather the
    # keycodes of your advanced function keys by watching the
    # output of the xev command whilst pressing those keys
    # and map those symbols using xmodmap.

    key "XF86AudioLowerVolume" amixer sset PCM 5%-
    key "XF86AudioRaiseVolume" amixer sset PCM 5%+
    key "XF86AudioMute" amixer sset PCM 0%
    key "XF86HomePage" xdg-open about:blank
    key "XF86Search" xdg-open https://www.google.com
    key "XF86Eject" eject

    # display and select monitor setup configurations
    switchkey "Super+p" icewm-menu-xrandr

Following shows how to add mouse button bindings on the root window to change the current workspace rolling the mouse wheel on the desktop:

    key "Pointer_Button4"   icesh goto prev
    key "Pointer_Button5"   icesh goto next

These are key bindings for single window tile operations to replace the KeyWinArrange key bindings from the preferences file:

    key "Ctrl+Alt+KP_Home"  icesh -f sizeto 49% 49% top left
    key "Ctrl+Alt+KP_Up"    icesh -f sizeto 100% 49% top left
    key "Ctrl+Alt+KP_Prior" icesh -f sizeto 49% 49% top right
    key "Ctrl+Alt+KP_Right" icesh -f sizeto 49% 100% top right
    key "Ctrl+Alt+KP_Next"  icesh -f sizeto 49% 49% bottom right
    key "Ctrl+Alt+KP_Down"  icesh -f sizeto 100% 49% bottom left
    key "Ctrl+Alt+KP_End"   icesh -f sizeto 49% 49% bottom left
    key "Ctrl+Alt+KP_Left"  icesh -f sizeto 49% 100% top left
    key "Ctrl+Alt+KP_Begin" icesh -f sizeto 49% 49% center

FILES

Locations for the keys file are as follows:

 $ICEWM_PRIVCFG/keys
 $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/icewm/keys
 $HOME/.icewm/keys
 /etc/icewm/keys
 /usr/share/icewm/keys

The locations are searched in the order listed; the first file found is read and the remainder ignored.

SEE ALSO

icewm(1).

AUTHOR

Brian Bidulock <mailto:bidulock@openss7.org>.

LICENSE

IceWM is licensed under the GNU Library General Public License. See the COPYING file in the distribution.

Referenced By

icesh(1), icewm(1), icewm-menu-xrandr(1).

2024-01-24 icewm 3.4.5 Standards, Environments and Macros